Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 2

Respiratory Illnesses
Compelling Schools
To Close Their Doors
Don't point your finger at COVID-19. This time
around, other respiratory illnesses, while driving up
student absences, have forced schools in several states
to close down.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
has warned that the country is experiencing a surge of
two seasonal illnesses-influenza and respiratory syncytial
virus, or RSV-that have arrived on the scene
much earlier and are more intense than in a typical
year.
And they're keeping affected kids out of the classroom
at a crucial time, when educators are going to
great lengths to restore school attendance habits that
cratered during the pandemic.
" Even if we know a kid is missing school for health
reasons, we still have to worry about them ... especially
if they were already struggling [with academics or attendence]
before the illness, " as many students were,
said Hedy Chang, the executive director of Attendance
Works, which promotes ways to measure and
address chronic absenteeism.
Dr. José Romero, the director of the CDC's National
Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases,
said officials have tracked an unusually early spike in
cases of the flu and RSV this year. " We suspect that
many children are being exposed to some respiratory
viruses now for the first time, having avoided these
viruses during the height of the pandemic, " he said.
Some schools are shifting to remote learning or
closing for several days to slow the spread within their
buildings.
Ohio's Lynchburg-Clay district canceled elementary
classes and sent secondary students home for
remote learning after about 20 percent of students-
and many staff members-were absent with the flu
for several days.
" Given the circumstances of the last two years and
the staffing levels, we are a little quicker to make immediate
course corrections, such as shutting down for
a brief time, instead of plowing through as we used to
do, " said Superintendent Jack Fisher.
Schools and districts in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Michigan, Virginia, and Wisconsin have had
closures as well.
Chang said schools need to maintain connections
to students when they are out for personal illness or
when schools close to prevent an outbreak.
Somber
Reflection
A memorial to the 20
1st graders and six
educators killed at
Sandy Hook Elementary
School opened to
the public in Newtown,
Conn., last week, a
month before the 10th
anniversary and the
same day that three
University of Virginia
students were shot to
death. Forty-four school
shootings resulting in
deaths or injuries have
occurred at the K-12
level so far this year,
compared with 24 each
in 2019 and 2018.
Federal Law Prevents States From Lowering
Standards for Special Education Teachers
Here's a Catch-22: States have been lowering their standards
for teachers, but federal law prevents them from doing so for
special education teachers to increase the hiring pool.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires
that special education teachers be " appropriately and adequately
prepared and trained " and " have the content knowledge
and skills to serve children with disabilities. "
The U.S. Department of Education has noticed that some
states and districts may be skirting the law. Valerie Williams,
the department's director of special education programs, last
month issued a warning to state directors that those requirements
haven't changed-despite the challenges in recruiting.
Indiana is one state that had been violating the IDEA for
years. But in April, the state board of education ended the use
of emergency permits for special education teachers.
Last fall, the state education department partnered with the
Center of Excellence in Leadership of Learning at the University
of Indianapolis to launch a program that makes it easier
for educators already working in schools to become certified
special education teachers. Sixteen teacher-preparation programs
across the state are providing the coursework and support
for taking the Praxis test at the end, free of charge.
The program has enrolled about 600 candidates. But it's
funded in part by federal pandemic-relief money, and Carey
Dahncke, the center's executive director, said he's not sure it
can maintain such a high volume when that money runs out.
Oklahoma, too, is trying to address the problem by helping
paraprofessionals earn special education teaching licenses.
Meanwhile, some districts have to rely on substitute teachers,
said Shawn Hime, the executive director of the Oklahoma
State School Boards Association.
Districts are also using financial incentives. In Oklahoma,
special education teachers receive 5 percent premiums on
their salaries, but Hime said that incentive hasn't been enough
to make a real difference in the shortages. Some districts have
increased the salary differential to upwards of 10 percent, he
said, or have offered signing or retention bonuses between
$3,000 and $5,000.
The Status of the Teaching Profession Has Hit
A 50-Year Low. Can It Be Turned Around?
Who wants to be a teacher? The silence may be resounding.
Based on a study that came out last week, the status of the profession
is at its lowest point in five decades.
Researchers at Brown University and the University at Albany
compiled and analyzed decades' worth of national data from
more than a dozen sources about factors like teachers' morale,
the perceived prestige of the profession, and interest in entering
the field, to create an annual profile of the profession between
1970 and 2022.
What they found suggests that the pandemic only exacerbated
the decline in prestige and attractiveness of teaching.
" When you look at the data that we have, it's hard to see us in
a spot anywhere else other than a really critical tipping point in
public education, " said Matthew Kraft, an associate professor of
education and economics at Brown and co-author of the report.
For the study, the researchers pulled from dozens of data
sources-federal databases, long-standing annual surveys, morerecent
nationally representative polls, among them.
Their key takeaways: Only 42 percent of educators say the stress
of their job is worth it, compared with 81 percent in the 1970s; interest
in the field among high school seniors and college freshman
has dropped 50 percent since the 1990s; the number of new
entrants into teaching has decreased by one-third over the past
decade alone; and just 59 percent of respondents to a nationally
representative survey of the public say the job has at least " considerable
prestige " this year, compared with 78 percent in 1998.
Why has all this occurred?
Declining wages, a competitive outside labor market, the decreasing
influence of teachers' unions, a rise in school shootings,
strenuous reform efforts, and low education funding levels are
likely culprits, the study says.
The researchers believe that can be turned around because that
has happened in the past. Higher wages and more professional
autonomy could be a start, they believe.
Other issues still need to be addressed, though, such as modulating
the divisive debates that have undercut the long-standing
notion that educators are allies to children's learning, rather than
barriers, and stemming the rising violence in schools.
BRIEFLY STATED CONTRIBUTORS: Associated Press, Evie Blad, Caitlynn Peetz, Tribune News Service, and Madeline Will. Edited by Karen Diegmueller.
2 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 23, 2022 | www.edweek.org
Bryan Woolston/AP
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 23, 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 23, 2022

Education Week - November 23, 2022
Briefly Stated
The Learning Recovery Strategy Districts Are Overlooking
Will Elon Musk’s Takeover of Twitter Start an Educator Exodus?
From Hospice Work to 1st Grade: One Teacher’s Career-Changing Journey
School Dress Codes Aren’t Fair to Everyone, Federal Study Finds
As Revised Lucy Calkins Curriculum Launches, Educators Debate If Changes Are Sufficient
HBCUs to Scale Up Teacher Residency Programs
Schools Are Still Understaffed. Here’s How Hard-Pressed Principals Are Responding
Third Grade Reading Retention Is Back. Should It Be?
Middle School Is Tough, But These Principals Like It Best of All
How to Survive—and Thrive— As a Middle School Principal
Stop Demonizing Black Boys. Let Them Play, Too
Why One Principal Is Asking Her Staff to Do Less
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Lucy Calkins Revisits and Revises Her Reading Curriculum
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Education Week - November 23, 2022
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 3
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - The Learning Recovery Strategy Districts Are Overlooking
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 5
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Will Elon Musk’s Takeover of Twitter Start an Educator Exodus?
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - From Hospice Work to 1st Grade: One Teacher’s Career-Changing Journey
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - School Dress Codes Aren’t Fair to Everyone, Federal Study Finds
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 9
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - As Revised Lucy Calkins Curriculum Launches, Educators Debate If Changes Are Sufficient
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - HBCUs to Scale Up Teacher Residency Programs
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Schools Are Still Understaffed. Here’s How Hard-Pressed Principals Are Responding
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Third Grade Reading Retention Is Back. Should It Be?
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Middle School Is Tough, But These Principals Like It Best of All
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 15
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 16
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 17
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - How to Survive—and Thrive— As a Middle School Principal
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - 19
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Stop Demonizing Black Boys. Let Them Play, Too
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Why One Principal Is Asking Her Staff to Do Less
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - November 23, 2022 - Lucy Calkins Revisits and Revises Her Reading Curriculum
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