Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 10


5.5

Black Students Perceive
School to Be Less Fair
discipline and other areas.
"When we're creating school policies, we're not just maintaining
order, we're teaching teenagers
about how society works, and they
use those lessons-those teachable
moments-going forward," said
David Yeager, an assistant professor of developmental psychology at
University of Texas at Austin, who
led the study.

A 'Trust Gap'
The researchers surveyed 277
black and white students at an
unidentified middle school twice
a year for three years on the
amount of trust they placed in
their school and their perceptions
of bias in school policies. They followed up with those students for
years, tracking their disciplinary
incidents and, later, whether they
enrolled in a four-year college the
year after graduation.
The survey asked students to
rank six statements-including
"students in my racial group are
treated fairly by teachers and
other adults at [school name]
middle school"-on a scale of 1,
for "very much disagree," to 6, for
"very much agree."

To detect a perception of bias,
the researchers asked students to
respond on a 5-point scale to questions like, "If a black or a white
[school name] student is alone in
the hallway during class time,
which one would a teacher ask for
a hall pass?" Students answered
1 for "almost always the black student," 3 if they expected students
of both races to be treated the
same, and 5 for "almost always the
white student."
Tracking results, researchers
found black and white students
had similar responses on the trust
survey at the start of 6th grade,
but a "trust gap" developed by the
spring of 7th grade, when black
students' average school trust
score dropped to its lowest. That's
also when black students were
most likely to sense inequitable
treatment, with their average score
on the bias scale falling below 2.5
while their white peers' average
score hovered near 3.
And it wasn't just a perception;
there was real evidence of bias at
the school, the study says, noting
that only black students received
discipline for broad, subjectively interpreted infractions like "defiance."
Researchers also detected a cycle:
A higher perception of bias led to a
lower sense of school trust at the end

5.0

Trust in School

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

White Students

THE TRUST GAP BETWEEN
BLACK AND WHITE
STUDENTS

4.5

Black Students

4.0

Middle school students rated six statements on a scale of 1, for "very
much disagree," to 6, for "very much agree." Statements included "I am
treated fairly by teachers and other adults at my school." Results are
controlled for pre-middle school academic achievement and gender.
3.5
Fall 6th

Spring 6th

of 7th grade, students with a lower
sense of school trust were more likely
to be cited for discipline in their 8th
grade year, and students with higher
discipline rates were later less likely
to be enrolled in a four-year college.
Seventh grade seemed particularly
critical. Among black students whose
trust declined during that year,
43 percent later had on-time enroll-

Fall 7th

Spring 7th

ment at a four-year college, compared
with 64 percent of black students
whose trust increased, Yeager said.
In a second study, researchers
found similar gaps in trust and perceptions of bias between whites and
Hispanics at another middle school,
but did not track effects on discipline and college-going rates.
To test whether teachers' ac-

Fall 8th

Spring 8th

tions could counteract factors that
caused students to lose trust in
their school, the researchers pulled
a subset of 88 7th graders with B
and C grade point averages from
the first experiment. Students in
a control group had a note from a
teacher placed on an essay they had
written that said: "I'm giving you
these comments so that you'll have

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Feb. 24

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10 | EDUCATION WEEK | February 15, 2017 | www.edweek.org

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 15, 2017

Education Week - February 15, 2017
State Leaders Hit the Books
Amid Subtly Shifting Test Landscape, Support Slips for Common-Core Tests
Mistrust in School Can Have Lasting Negative Effects
News in Brief
Report Roundup
RTI May Fall Short in Flagging Certain Students
Post-Mortem on inBloom Reignites Data-Sharing Debates
FCC Alters ‘Lifeline’ Broadband Effort
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: FCC Yanks Report On E-Rate Success
DeVos Takes Reins at Ed. Department, While Anxieties Persist
Congress Targets ESSA Regulations
Governors, State Lawmakers Roll Out School Choice Plans
State of the States
IRMA ZARDOYA: How ESSA Can Teach School Leaders About Equity
JACOB BERGLIN: The Classroom, Not the Bathroom, Is the Battleground for Gender Rights
Letters
Readers React
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
ROBERT EVANS & MARK KLINE: Beyond Blame: Understanding Student Suicide
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Mistrust in School Can Have Lasting Negative Effects
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 2
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 3
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - RTI May Fall Short in Flagging Certain Students
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Post-Mortem on inBloom Reignites Data-Sharing Debates
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 8
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: FCC Yanks Report On E-Rate Success
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 10
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 11
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Congress Targets ESSA Regulations
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Governors, State Lawmakers Roll Out School Choice Plans
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 14
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 15
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - State of the States
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 17
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - IRMA ZARDOYA: How ESSA Can Teach School Leaders About Equity
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - JACOB BERGLIN: The Classroom, Not the Bathroom, Is the Battleground for Gender Rights
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - Readers React
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 21
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - 23
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - ROBERT EVANS & MARK KLINE: Beyond Blame: Understanding Student Suicide
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - February 15, 2017 - CW4
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