Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 1

To inspire and empower.

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Vol. 39 * Issue 11 * October 30, 2019

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State Bans on
Bilingual Ed.
Nearly Extinct
Arizona, the last one,
on verge of repealing its law
By Corey Mitchell

Deep in the Woods, a Test
Of Leadership and Resolve
Principals' problem-solving and pluck stretched
By Denisa R. Superville

PAGE 14

Candace Ramey, right, gets
guidance as she navigates an
aerial course at YMCA Camp
Lakewood in Potosi, Mo., earlier
this month. Ramey was among
a group of principals
challenging and strengthening
their leadership skills .

>

Whitney Curtis for Education Week

What do rock-climbing, rappelling over a 30-foot wall, and
trying to find your way through nearly 10 miles of woodland,
some of it at night, have to do with running a school?
If you ask some Missouri school leaders who spent 72 hours
doing just that-they'll say, a lot.
"Problem-solving as a team and having to make a final decision among a large group of people; gaining consensus within
a group, and then everybody supporting that decision along
the way, relate well to what you do in a school every day," said
Brice Beck, an assistant principal at Cape Central High School
in Cape Girardeau, Mo.
He was one of nearly 90 principals and assistant principals

Just 15 years ago, bilingual education was
banned in three states-Arizona, California,
and Massachusetts-which altogether educated 40 percent of the nation's English-language learners.
Now, amid the national embrace of biliteracy
and dual-language education, those statewide
English-only laws are on the brink of extinction.
In the past three years, voters and lawmakers
in California and Massachusetts repealed antibilingual education laws, leaving Arizona's as
the last one standing.
Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction
Kathy Hoffman intends to push for a full repeal
of the state's "English for Children" law, during
the 2020 legislative session that begins in January and she has support from both Democratic
and Republican legislators.
Lawmakers in Arizona already dealt a blow
to the bilingual education ban this year, cutting
the amount of time English-learners have to
spend in mandatory English-only immersion
classes from four hours a day to two.
"We should be using evidence-based best
practices and giving flexibility to school communities, so our [English-learner] students can
more quickly pick up their new language and
succeed in the long-term," Hoffman said in a
statement provided to Education Week.
Bilingual activists and the state tangled for
decades over the legality of the requirement.
In 2015, the San Francisco-based 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the state
in Flores v. Arizona, rejecting the plaintiffs' argument that the state's approach to teaching
English-learners violated the federal Equal
PAGE 11 >

By Daarel Burnette II
After years of layoffs, Highland School
District's budget finally started to stabilize
last year, and Mike Sutton, the Southern
Illinois district's superintendent, told his
staff that they could now start planning for
the future.
He might have spoken too soon. A large
chunk of the 2,900-student district's budget will soon be gobbled up by the demands
of a new law almost doubling the state's
minimum wage in the next four years.
More than a quarter of Highland's employees, including its paraprofessionals,

secretaries, and maintenance workers,
make at or slightly above the state's existing minimum hourly wage of $8.25. Bumping all of their wages up to $15, as the state
will require by 2025, could cost the district
hundreds of thousands of dollars.
"We don't like the idea of our folks making minimum wage," Sutton said. "But we
don't have the resources to raise wages at
such a rapid acceleration. The impact is not
just at the beginning of the pay scale. It's all
the way through."
Since 2014, more than 26 states and 44
localities, including Berkeley, Calif., and
Birmingham, Ala., have raised their mini-

mum wage requirements in response to a
widespread grassroots labor movement.
The new hourly wage hikes, many of which
go into effect next year and increase annually over the next five years, are having an
outsized impact on school district's budgets.
School districts in recent decades have
hired millions of low-wage workers to run
after-school programs, mop hallways, cook
food, drive kids to school, file paperwork,
and help out overburdened teachers in the
classroom.
The swelling of nonteaching staff in
PAGE 12 >

Salgu Wissmath for Education Week

Minimum Wage Hikes Stress Districts

MARGARITA AMBRIZ works as a food service tech at Sonoma
Valley High School in Sonoma, Calif., where the school
district has raised its minimum wage to $15 an hour, several
years ahead of the state's requirement for that increase.


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - October 30, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 30, 2019

Education Week - October 30, 2019
Deep in the Woods, a Test Of Leadership and Resolve
Minimum Wage Hikes Stress Districts
State Bans on Bilingual Ed. Nearly Extinct
Briefly Stated
Q&A: 5 Big Ed-Tech Problems And How to Solve Them
Later Starts: Do They Help?
What the Research Says
Elizabeth Warren’s K-12 Plan Spotlights Funding, Charters
Higher-Ed. Legislation Bubbling in Congress
Raising the Bar for Evidence In Education
An Educator’s Wisdom Is Evidence
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Science Fact vs. Science Fiction
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - State Bans on Bilingual Ed. Nearly Extinct
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 2
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 4
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Q&A: 5 Big Ed-Tech Problems And How to Solve Them
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 7
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Elizabeth Warren’s K-12 Plan Spotlights Funding, Charters
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Higher-Ed. Legislation Bubbling in Congress
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 10
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 11
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 12
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 13
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 14
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 15
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - An Educator’s Wisdom Is Evidence
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 17
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Science Fact vs. Science Fiction
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW4
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