Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 1

Education Week

VOL. 35, NO. 5 * SEPTEMBER 23, 2015

edweek.org:

AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2015 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4

BRE AKING NEWS DAILY

Research Agency
Faces Deep Cuts
In Budget Bills
By Sarah D. Sparks
Education research advocates took it as a hopeful sign
in June when the U.S. House
of Representatives' education
appropriations panel marked
up its first bill for education
spending in six years.
"And then we see it," said Juliane Baron, the government-relations director for the American
Educational Research Association. "Be careful what you ask
for. IES really took a hit."
The Institute of Education
Sciences, the U.S. Department
of Education's research arm,
faces a $10 million cut in the
Senate bill and a whopping
$164 million cut in the House
appropriations measure, from

its current fiscal year budget of
$573.9 million. Coming on top
of years of uncertain funding,
the reductions could stymie
the agency's recent attempts
to bring a new and more diverse generation of education
researchers into the field.
"It's just a matter of simple
math: The deeper the cuts, the
greater the consequences there
are for existing work," said
Ruth C. Neild, who was tapped
as IES director this summer.
The money crunch could
come just as the agency rolls
out a redesigned website,
teacher and researcher professional development, and the
draft of new work for its network of regional educational
PAGE 16 >

Michael Shroyer/USA Today Sports

IES 'Took a Hit' in House, Senate Proposals

Hurley High School football players Justin Stevens, left, and Josh Mullins, holding flag, lead teammates onto
the field at the "Meet The Rebels" event, kicking off the season at the school in southwestern Virginia.

Schools Seek Split From Confederacy
Racial Attacks Reignite Debates on Divisive Icons

Two computer-based tests of
English-language proficiency
will debut this school year,
ushering in a new era of online
testing for millions of the nation's English-learners.
Leaders of the federally
funded consortia that developed the exams are hopeful the
tests will offer a more complete
picture of how English-learners
are grasping the language.

The World Class Instructional Design and Assessment
Consortium, or WIDA, will
launch its operational online
test, ACCESS for ELLs 2.0, in
November. The 36-state group
shares English-language-proficiency standards and assessments for English-learners
that are aligned with the Common Core State Standards.
The English Language Proficiency Assessment for the 21st
Century consortium, known as
PAGE 11 >

PAGE 10 >

Justin Cook for Education Week

By Corey Mitchell

For generations, fans have hailed Jack C. Hays High School's sports teams
with the "Dixie" fight song and rallied around its "Rebel" mascot, even as
other schools neighboring the Buda, Texas, community yielded to concerns
that such branding was racially divisive.
But in the aftermath of a racially motivated church shooting in Charleston,
S.C., this summer, in which nine African-Americans were killed, the Hays
Consolidated Independent School District retired the Confederate anthem,
citing its potential to divide or offend students and the community.
Hays, like a number of schools across the country, has been doing some
soul searching, weighing its history and legacy against growing public
sentiment that some monikers and icons are offensive to an increasingly
diverse student body.
In recent weeks, schools in Ohio, Kansas, Massachusetts, Virginia, and elsewhere have taken steps to remove Confederate battle flags and related imagery from campuses.
Meanwhile, California lawmakers approved a bill this month that would
ban public schools' use of "Redskins" as a team name, mascot, or nickname
beginning Jan. 1, 2017. If Gov. Jerry Brown signs the bill into law, Califor-

A student boards
a bus bound
for the School
of Creative
Studies, a magnet
for grades 6-12
in Durham, N.C.
Next year, most of
the district's high
schools will start
around 9 a.m. to
allow teens more
time to sleep.

Tom Reel/San Antonio Express-News/Zuma

English-Learner Tests
Moving to Digital Realm

By Bryan Toporek

Kayla Wilson, a senior at Robert E. Lee
High School in San Antonio, is pushing
for a new name for the school,
an effort that has led to backlash
within her Texas community.

Despite Research on Teens' Sleep,
Change to School Start Times Difficult
By Evie Blad
Most high school students in Durham,
N.C., start school at 7:30 a.m., a time that's
early enough to negatively impact their
engagement and focus in the classroom,
researchers say.
That's because biological shifts during
the teenage years drive the need for longer sleep durations and later wake times,
research shows. That means requiring an
older teenager to wake up at 7 a.m. is like
asking a teacher to wake up at 4:30 a.m.

So, at the direction of its school board, the
Durham district will shift its high school
start times to 9 a.m. next year. The hope is
that the district's responsiveness to sleep
research will pay off in gains in student
engagement and academic achievement.
"I think the board's intent is spot on;
it's to try to benefit every student we can
benefit to increase student learning,"
Assistant Superintendent Scott Denton
said. "There will be some pain for some
families, and we don't take that lightly,
PAGE 12 >


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - September 23, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 23, 2015

Education Week - September 23, 2015
Research Agency Faces Deep Cuts In Budget Bills
Schools Seek Split From Confederacy
English-Learner Tests Moving to Digital Realm
Despite Research on Teens’ Sleep, Change to School Start Times Difficult
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
To Combat Inequity, Ferguson Panel Urges K-12 Changes
Study: KIPP Confers an Edge in Academics But Not in Attitudes
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Online Credit Recovery in Need of Overhaul, Study Says
Blogs of the Week
From Pre-K to Higher Ed., Duncan Tour Touts Priorities
GOP Presidential Debaters Give Glancing Mention to Education
In Wide-Ranging Discussion, Duncan Mulls Issues, Agenda
ANN MYERS & JILL BERKOWICZ: STEM Doesn’t Narrow the Curriculum
MARY ANN ZEHR: Can a Former Journalist Teach English-Language Learners to Write?
GREG MILO: Why Do Students Hate History? Some Thoughts on the ‘Boring’ Social Studies
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
CAROL DWECK: Growth Mindset, Revisited
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Despite Research on Teens’ Sleep, Change to School Start Times Difficult
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 2
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Contents
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Study: KIPP Confers an Edge in Academics But Not in Attitudes
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 7
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Online Credit Recovery in Need of Overhaul, Study Says
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 10
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 11
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 12
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - GOP Presidential Debaters Give Glancing Mention to Education
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - In Wide-Ranging Discussion, Duncan Mulls Issues, Agenda
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 15
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 16
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 17
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - ANN MYERS & JILL BERKOWICZ: STEM Doesn’t Narrow the Curriculum
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - GREG MILO: Why Do Students Hate History? Some Thoughts on the ‘Boring’ Social Studies
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 21
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - 23
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - CAROL DWECK: Growth Mindset, Revisited
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - CT1
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - CT2
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - CT3
Education Week - September 23, 2015 - CT4
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