Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 1

To inspire and empower.

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Vol. 39 * Issue 2 * August 23, 2019

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$6

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edweek.org

Schools Tackle
Vaping Amid New
Health Problems

'You're supposed to be able to trust your child's school, and I don't.'

Special Ed.
Surge Strains
Flint Schools
And Families

By Denisa R. Superville &
Arianna Prothero

By Corey Mitchell
Years after reports surfaced of alarmingly
high lead levels in the water system, the toll
of the crisis is becoming clear: At least 1 in 5
students in Flint's public schools are eligible
for special education-and the school system is buckling under the weight of federal
requirements and costs for providing programs and services.
The percentage of special education students has increased by 56 percent, rising
from 13.1 percent in 2012-13, the school year
before the water crisis began, to 20.5 percent
last school year.
Schools are understaffed. Teachers are
overwhelmed. Parents are frustrated.
"It's been a fight," said Maxine Onstott,
a leader of a citywide special education parent-advocate group. Her autistic
6-year-old son, Maximilliano, began kindergarten this month. "There [are] a lot of
children right now that are not getting the
services they need and that are not getting
the support they deserve to get from the
schools."
The fallout in Flint could foreshadow
problems in other districts. Schools across
the country have found elevated lead levels
in drinking water.
In a suit brought by the American Civil
Liberties Union of Michigan, the Education
Law Center, and the New York-based firm
of Case & White, lawyers representing Flint
families have sued the school system, the
Michigan education department, and the
PAGE 14 >

Photos by Brittany Greeson for Education Week

Flint, Mich.

FROM TOP: Ebony Dixon, center, said she is struggling to get special education for her
daughter, Alexus Smith, 6, and her son, Torea Gibson, 7, in Flint, Mich. Parent advocate
Maxine Onstott, shown cuddling with her son Maximilliano, 6, said many families are having
a hard time getting help for their children's disabilities in the wake of the water crisis.

Teaching With Primary Sources When Voices Are Missing
Archives
Often lack
Records by
Native
Americans
And other
Groups

By Sarah Schwartz
Philadelphia

In a quiet room at the historic Library
Company of Philadelphia here, a group
of middle and high school teachers were
studying a massacre.
The teachers, participants in a summer course offered through the Gilder
Lehrman Institute of American History, were examining primary sources
from one consequential event in Pennsylvania's past: an 18th century attack
on the Susquehannock Indian tribe

by white colonists.
Gathering in small groups around folding tables laden with 250-year-old maps,
pamphlets, and images, the teachers
thought aloud about what the documents
could tell their students-and what questions the pages couldn't answer.
"Even before getting into information-who wrote this?" said Mark
Stetina, a local middle school history
teacher, poring over a political cartoon
and imagining how he would introduce
it to his students. "Then, almost more
important is-who's missing?" he said.

This question of missing voices was
central to the day's workshop, part of a
project at the Library Company called
Redrawing History. The library has
digitized hundreds of documents about
this massacre, but almost none are from
Native American sources. Now, the organization is working with native artists
to create an original graphic novel that
attempts to recover some of those voices.
For teachers, the workshop offered
a look into the archives and lessons on
how to use the forthcoming novel. And
PAGE 12 >

With reports of dozens of cases of teens
and young adults hospitalized with breathing problems and lung damage in recent
weeks, potentially linked to vaping, school
leaders across the country are starting the
new academic year even more anxious
about what they see as an "epidemic"
among students, and are vowing to intensify
prevention efforts and treatment services.
Many administrators were caught flatfooted as the vaping trend started to take
off several years ago-including stealth use
of the sleek products in class-and tried to
stem the problem with a hodgepodge of
approaches, from strict zero-tolerance policies that came with mandatory suspensions
for students caught vaping or with vaping
paraphernalia on campus, to programs that
teach high school and middle school students the dangers of vaping.
But educators had already started to reconsider their disciplinary approach before
the rash of new medical concerns.
At Arrowhead Union High School in Hartland, Wis., about 27 miles from Milwaukee,
administrators installed devices in the bathrooms over the summer that detect vaping
PAGE 17 >

Recession Jitters
Revive Memories
Of Past Downturn
By Andrew Ujifusa
If there's one painful experience the nation's schools share from recent history,
it's the Great Recession. It's something no
educator is keen to relive-but with anxiety rising about an economic downturn in
the not-too-distant future, it's possible they
won't have a choice.
Forecasting such a change for the economy
is notoriously difficult, as is projecting how
policymakers and schools would respond.
But amid the economic warning signs there's
the recognition that a recession, in addition
to shrinking K-12 budgets and spending,
could upend policies that have developed
over the past decade that have prioritized equitable funding and other resources.
And it's unlikely the circumstances and
response would be the same as those from
more than a decade ago, when Congress
and President Barack Obama's administration responded to the Great Recession
by directing $100 billion to both K-12 and
higher education through the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, comPAGE 16 >


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - August 28, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - August 28, 2019

Education Week - August 28, 2019
Special Ed. Surge Strains Flint Schools and Families
Schools Tackle Vaping Amid New Health Problems
Recession Jitters Revive Memories Of Past Downturn
Teaching With Primary Sources When Voices Are Missing
Briefly Stated
Payday Lenders Push ‘Back to Sc Loans on Parents
What Educators Need to Know About Artificial Intelligence
What the Research Says
R.I. Latest State to Orchestrate District Intervention
Ethnic Studies Curriculum Deemed Anti-Jewish
Teaching Primary Sources When Voices Are Missing
Letters to the Editor
America’s Invisible Homeless Students
The Teacher-Prep Information Gap
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Don’t Shield Me From Problematic Conversations
Stop Going Around in Circles
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Teaching With Primary Sources When Voices Are Missing
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 2
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 4
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Payday Lenders Push ‘Back to Sc Loans on Parents
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 7
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - R.I. Latest State to Orchestrate District Intervention
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 9
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Ethnic Studies Curriculum Deemed Anti-Jewish
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 11
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Teaching Primary Sources When Voices Are Missing
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 13
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 14
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 15
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 16
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 17
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 18
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 19
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 20
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - 23
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - Stop Going Around in Circles
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - August 28, 2019 - CW4
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