Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 8

Should Voters Decide What Schools Teach?
Californians may vote to require a new high school finance course.
Critics argue it sets a bad precedent
By Evie Blad
As they choose a presidential candidate in the
November election, California voters may also
have an unusual opportunity to decide whether
the state should add a new course to its high
school graduation requirements.
While supporters say the course is urgently
needed, critics say the unusual step of putting
curriculum-related issues directly to voters could
prompt more such proposals-including the
hot-button issues that have plagued many other
states over the past three years.
The proposed ballot measure would require
a one-semester, one-credit course on personal
finance, including instruction in budgeting,
credit, and investment, concepts that will help
students thrive as adults, supporters say. The
item has qualified for the general election ballot,
but organizers say they will pull it if a similar
bill passes the state legislature in time.
Taking the issue to the voters " is not a step
we take lightly, " said Tim Ranzetta, a California
businessman who has spent about $7.5
million to support the initiative through a
campaign called Californians for Financial
Education. " There's been two decades of attempts
[to pass financial literacy bills] in the
legislature that have frankly let down California
youth, and this is very popular. "
But skeptics of the proposal say that setting a
course requirement-even a broadly supported
one-by popular vote could open up the floodgates
to electioneering about more controversial
classroom subjects, like how schools discuss
race and sexuality. And school districts could
face practical and financial challenges meeting
new mandates, especially if the trend accelerates.
Those requirements would stack on top
of requirements California has added through
legislation in the last decade, such as teaching
about LGBTQ+ topics and ethnic studies.
" We should all be concerned about the precedent
of citizen-led initiatives mandating curriculum, "
said Amy Farley, an associate professor
of educational leadership and policy studies
at the University of Cincinnati who has studied
the history of education-related ballot measures.
The California financial education requirement
may be the first time a state asks voters
to consider a specific course requirement, said
Farley, who analyzed 282 education-related ballot
questions states considered from 1902-2012
for a 2019 study.
Twenty-six states, largely clustered in the
southern and western regions of the country,
allow for voters to collect signatures to place
initiatives or referenda on the ballot. Most education
questions have related to school finance,
governance, and civil rights issues like school
integration, Farley said.
" Rarely have [ballot questions] been used to
legislate curriculum and instruction, " she said.
Farley's analysis identified nine ballot questions
related to classroom content, which all focused
on issues like textbook selection, sex education,
and teaching evolution. None set a single course
mandate.
More states require financial literacy
State financial literacy requirements are a
growing trend, though California would be
the first to consider the issue through a popular
vote. Legislatures in 25 states have passed
A lone voter casts his ballot for Super Tuesday at a polling station in the Van Nuys section of Los Angeles on March 5, 2024.
bills mandating finance education courses,
though some are not fully implemented, according
to the Center for Financial Literacy at
Champlain College.
Many of those bills passed with support
from Next Gen Personal Finance, an organization
founded by Ranzetta, the businessman
behind the California effort. The organization
also offers professional development and free
teaching materials related to financial literacy.
"
We should all be
concerned about the
precedent of citizen-led
initiatives mandating
curriculum.
AMY FARLEY
Associate professor of educational leadership
and policy studies, University of Cincinnati
California is known for an unwieldy ballot initiative
process that leaves voters to consider numerous
technical, and sometimes conflicting,
alterations to state law. Critics have said voters
sometimes don't understand the complexity of
ballot issues, which are written in legal jargon
and often placed on the ballot through paid
petition drives. Voters have passed measures
over issues like bilingual vs. English-only instruction,
but never on an issue as granular as a
8 | EDUCATION WEEK | June 19, 2024 | www.edweek.org
personal finance course requirement.
The finance education ballot measure would
require all high schools, including charter
schools, to offer a personal-finance course by
the 2026-27 school year. Starting in 2029-30, that
course would be required for students to graduate.
Local school boards could choose their own
curriculum to teach concepts, including the dangers
of predatory lending, the tax system, establishing
credit, and retirement accounts.
The push for financial literacy classes has
support from prominent Californians, including
Superintendent for Public Instruction Tony
Thurmond and the state's Republican and Democratic
parties.
" If our children are equipped with the skills to
understand and change their own financial situation,
we can help shrink the gender wage gap
and build generational wealth in our communities
of color as our young people move forward
and manage their money, grow their wealth, and
understand value when making critical decisions
for their own futures and their future families, "
Thurmond said in a March 26 statement.
Californians for Financial Education touts an
April 2022 poll of 604 California voters in which
85 percent of respondents agreed that " all high
school students should be guaranteed to take a
basic course in personal finance. " Fifty-eight
percent of respondents to the poll, conducted by
Public Policy Polling, said it was " very urgent " for
state lawmakers to pass a law requiring the course
in California high schools. The poll did not ask
whether students should be required to take the
course or if respondents supported requiring it
through a ballot measure.
The issue became a personal passion for Ranzetta
13 years ago when he volunteered to teach
a personal finance course at a high school in East
Palo Alto, Calif., where most college hopefuls
would be the first in their families to earn a degree.
At a recent event, students he taught over a
span of eight years returned to share how the
class had affected their lives. One became an
entrepreneur after learning about financing a
business, and another traced his work on Wall
Street to lessons Ranzetta taught about investing.
Several discussed sharing the lessons they'd
learned with their families.
" I saw the ripple effects first hand, " Ranzetta
said. " You can't unsee it. You walk away wondering
why every student doesn't learn this content. "
A harmful precedent?
But even supporters of the finance class have
reasons to be concerned about requiring it
through popular vote, Farley said.
Schools have limited time to teach concepts
like advanced math and literacy that are necessary
to compete in a changing economy, and
future ballot questions might crowd out needed
coursework, critics have said.
That's especially concerning at a time of polarizing
debates over issues like teaching " divisive
concepts " and critical race theory, Farley said.
While existing restrictions have been passed by
conservative state legislatures, it's not inconceivable
that political groups with deep pockets could
campaign to put the issue-or less popular course
requirements-on a state ballot. And those campaigns
can have a chilling effect on classroom discussions,
even if the measures don't win enough
votes to become law, Farley said.
" No one wants to come out at the person who
'doesn't support democracy,' " Farley said. " But I
think we should be concerned about the specific
precedent this sets. "
Richard Vogel/AP
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - June 19, 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - June 19, 2024

Education Week - June 19, 2024
Briefly Stated
How Teachers Build Confidence To Motivate Middle Schoolers in STEM
What the Research Says
Should Voters Decide What Schools Teach?
What Does It Mean for Teachers To Dress ‘Professionally’?
‘Politics Does Not Belong In Education,’ Says a Departing State Schools Chief
What Is Restorative Justice, And How Can It Be Implemented In Schools?
The AI Tools for Teachers Are Getting More Robust. Here’s How
What Is Title IX? Schools, Sports, And Sex Discrimination
Teachers Aren’t ‘Silicon Valley’s Lackeys’
AI Do’s and Don’ts for Teachers
EdWeek Top School Jobs
My Life as a Substitute Teacher In Suburbia: Chaos and Cruelty
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - Education Week - June 19, 2024
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 2
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 4
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 5
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - How Teachers Build Confidence To Motivate Middle Schoolers in STEM
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - What the Research Says
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - Should Voters Decide What Schools Teach?
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - What Does It Mean for Teachers To Dress ‘Professionally’?
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - ‘Politics Does Not Belong In Education,’ Says a Departing State Schools Chief
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 11
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - What Is Restorative Justice, And How Can It Be Implemented In Schools?
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 13
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 14
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - The AI Tools for Teachers Are Getting More Robust. Here’s How
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - What Is Title IX? Schools, Sports, And Sex Discrimination
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 17
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 18
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - Teachers Aren’t ‘Silicon Valley’s Lackeys’
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - AI Do’s and Don’ts for Teachers
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 21
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - 23
Education Week - June 19, 2024 - My Life as a Substitute Teacher In Suburbia: Chaos and Cruelty
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