Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 1

Education Week

VOL. 35, NO. 34 * JUNE 8, 2016

edweek.org:

AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2016 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4 

BRE AKING NEWS DAILY

Levels of Skill
In Pre-K Staff
Remain Issue

CHARTER MOVEMENT AT 25: Amid expansion, questions persist

Training, Support Encouraged
To Boost Worker Qualifications

Patrick T. Fallon for Education Week

By Christina A. Samuels

The Evolution of the 'Chartered School'
25 Years On, the Movement Has
Expanded, Shifted, and Evolved
By Arianna Prothero
Twenty-five years ago this month, tucked in a voluminous education funding bill headed to the Minnesota governor's desk, was a quirky and contentious
idea to allow teachers and parents to create a new
kind of public school-chartered schools.
With a stroke of his pen, then-Gov. Arne Carlson signed into existence a movement that has
grown over the last quarter-century into a national juggernaut: a charter school sector with
thousands of schools, millions of students, a cadre
of deep-pocketed benefactors, dozens of advocacy
groups, and sophisticated networks of schools
that in some cases dwarf the nation's average-size
school district.

Although charter school students only make up
about 5 percent of the 50 million K-12 public school
students in the country, charters have posed the
only credible competition to the traditional system
of public schooling. While the growth of charters
has mostly been in large urban districts, in 14 of
those cities, such as San Antonio, Detroit, and Philadelphia, charters now enroll at least 30 percent of
children in public schools.
But as charters have expanded their reach, some
observers inside and outside the sector contend they
have wandered far from their original purpose:
to be schools of innovation and serve as a research
and development sector for traditional K-12 schools.
And among one of the most searing criticisms of the
charter sector is that the schools are accelerating
the resegregation of American public education. In
many ways, Minnesota still embodies some of the
early ideas, while cities such as Los Angeles repre-

Students arrive
for classes at
Alliance Collins
Family CollegeReady High School,
a public charter
school in
Huntington Park,
Calif.

DIVERSITY ISSUE :
Charter schools have
long been criticized for
a lack of diversity, but
a national analysis
reveals a varied
demographic profile.

For many students, high school graduation
is a momentous occasion.
But for Katherine and Kenia, who are on
track to graduate this month from a high
school in Charlotte, N.C., this rite of passage
is bittersweet, a mixture of joy at reaching a
significant milestone and deep uncertainty
about what comes next.
Katherine, 17, and Kenia, 18, both hail from
Honduras and were among the thousands of
Central American children who made the per-

ilous journey across the U.S.-Mexico border in
recent years to escape violence and poverty
at home. (Education Week is withholding the
students' last names at their request because
of their immigration status.)
For some of those children, high school
graduation marks the end of a period of relative stability. At school, they found trusted
adults, got regular meals, and obtained mental-health assistance to deal with trauma
from past experiences as they navigated a
new country, school system, and language,
said Gary Chapman, the executive vice presi-

PAGE 10 >

Restroom Guidance
A Thorny Case Study
In Regulatory Law
By Mark Walsh

dent of Communities in Schools, a Virginiabased organization that provides wraparound
services to school districts.
"School, for all intents and purposes, has
become their home because of so much uncertainty in their lives," said Chapman, whose
organization helps about 6,700 unaccompanied minors nationally.
The majority of unaccompanied minors
who enrolled are still in school, but a growing number are graduating. Such students
are largely still undocumented, meaning

Two radically different narratives are
emerging about the federal guidance over
transgender students and restrooms.
President Barack Obama's administration asserts that its guidance calling for
schools to allow transgender students to
choose restrooms and locker rooms "consistent with their gender identity" is an
interpretation of long-standing regulations
under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the federal law barring
discrimination "based on sex" in federally
funded education programs.
"This guidance does not add requirements to applicable law, but provides information and examples to inform recipients
about how the Departments [of Justice and
Education] evaluate whether covered entities are complying with their legal obligations," those departments said in a May 13
"Dear Colleague" letter.
Meanwhile, about a dozen states, several

PAGE 13 >

PAGE 22 >

PAGE 14 >

PAGE 16

Unaccompanied Minors Cross New Hurdle: Graduation
By Denisa Superville

One of the hottest topics in early-childhood education is the "word gap"-the division in preliteracy skills between children
who are immersed in rich language from
their earliest days and children who do not
get that experience.
High-quality child care and preschool are
supposed to help close that gap. But those
programs often may be relying on a workforce that has a literacy gap of its own.
"We spend hundreds of millions on professional development without testing the
language competency" of early-childhood
employees, said Elizabeth Gilbert, who was
the director of an early-educator-workforce
program that ran for five years. Resources
should go to supporting literacy skills not
only in children, but also in the adults who
care for them, she said.
Gilbert's concerns are part of a national
conversation about what child-care workers
and preschool teachers should be expected
to know and be able to do. Policymakers and
those who represent child-care workers are
trying to develop appropriate measures for
those workers-along with incentives and
rewards for being highly skilled.
When Gilbert wrote about the issue in


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Education Week - June 8, 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - June 8, 2016

Education Week - June 8, 2016
Levels of Skill in Pre-K Staff Remain Issue
Unaccompanied Minors Cross New Hurdle: Graduation
Restroom Guidance a Thorny Case Study in Regulatory Law
The Evolution of the ‘Chartered School’
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Collaboration Comes Slowly In Federal ‘Partnership Pilots’
Proposal Puts Teacher-License Portability Back in Spotlight
Ed-Tech Market in Flux, as Investors Grow More Selective
Blogs of the Week
Role of Charters Facet Of Debate About Diversity
Kansas Districts Gird For Funding Shutdown After Court Ruling
State K-12 Leaders Cautious In Assessing Draft ESSA Rules
Military Students to Get Additional Supports Under ESSA
Blogs of the Week
Narrowing the Focus For School Boards
Teachers Know Best
Improving School Attendance Requires Good Data
Letters
Lift Off
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Transgender Restroom Policies and What The Research Suggests
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - The Evolution of the ‘Chartered School’
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 2
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Contents
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Proposal Puts Teacher-License Portability Back in Spotlight
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 7
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Ed-Tech Market in Flux, as Investors Grow More Selective
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 10
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 11
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 12
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 13
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 14
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 15
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Role of Charters Facet Of Debate About Diversity
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 17
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 18
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 19
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - State K-12 Leaders Cautious In Assessing Draft ESSA Rules
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Military Students to Get Additional Supports Under ESSA
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 22
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 23
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 25
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Teachers Know Best
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Improving School Attendance Requires Good Data
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Lift Off
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - 31
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - Transgender Restroom Policies and What The Research Suggests
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - June 8, 2016 - CT4
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