Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 11

These Preparation Programs Are Creating
A 'Tutor-to-Teacher' Pipeline
A new pipeline offering an authentic glimpse of the
profession is growing, despite patchy financial cover
By Olina Banerji
Nicolle Echeverria, a political science major
from California State University, was sure about a
career in law. But things took a turn in 2022, when
her friend told her about Ignite, an intensive tutoring
program for K-12 schools aimed at closing
learning gaps.
Now, Echeverria teaches 3rd and 4th grade in
the same Los Angeles school she once attended.
" Ignite's tagline is that they have a deep belief
in the potential of every student. That resonated
with me. My own education was impacted by a
lack of resources at my school. I knew how tutoring
could help, " Echeverria said.
Teacher-prep programs and apprenticeships
are increasingly leveraging this fresh pool of
candidates-tutors-to strengthen their pipelines
and give aspiring teachers an early taste
of teaching.
Since 2020, when Ignite launched, over 200
college students have transitioned from tutoring
to teaching full-time in Teach For America,
which created Ignite. Echeverria plans to
complete a master's in education once she's
finished her teaching credential. (TFA recruits
typically earn their credentials while on the
job.)
Looking back, Echeverria credits her tutoring
experience for the skills and confidence
she now has as a full-time teacher. " I was
much better prepared than others in my cohort, "
she said.
Tackling two problems at once
The tutor-to-teacher phenomenon promises
to help address two core problems facing the
profession: a pipeline that has recently shrunk,
and preparation that often doesn't fully equip
teaching candidates for the difficult realities
of the job.
First-time teachers have a tough hill to climb-
they are often overwhelmed when faced with an
unruly class or unfamiliar curriculum. Schools
struggle to retain new teachers, even though they
tend to be most enthusiastic in the early years.
Tutoring can give them a window into what
the job is really like. American University, located
in the District of Columbia, has made
40 hours of tutoring mandatory in one of its
teacher-preparation courses.
" We get our students into classrooms much
earlier than their student-teacher period. They
go through training and learn how to interact
with students from different socioeconomic
backgrounds to build trust with them, " said
Ocheze Joseph, American University's director
of undergraduate learning. " It's good prep, but
it's also a reality check for some students who
realize they don't want to teach. "
The Ignite fellowship has found that tutoring
can also be an effective on-ramp to the profession.
Katie Tennessen Hooten, Ignite's founder and
senior vice president, said that the relationship
between school students and young adults has
a catalyzing power, and can funnel more people
into teaching. Of the 108 college students who
signed up for Ignite in its first year, 60 became
full-time teachers for TFA.
" Our focus when we first started was to cope
with the learning loss [due to the pandemic] and
to foster a sense of belonging in students. But we
also knew that tutoring would be a great way for
college students to get proximate with teaching, "
Tennesen Hooten said.
Tutoring's moment to shine
Every semester, Joseph takes 20 to 22 AU
students through the tutoring experience. The
university focuses on schools the District's office
of the state superintendent of education has
identified as high-priority. AU's student tutors
also receive an orientation to the schools where
they'll tutor before they start.
" The challenge is to match the school's schedules
with the tutors, " Joseph said.
The tutor-to-teacher pipeline wasn't always
obvious, or thriving, said Cat Peretti, the executive
director of CityTutor DC, a nonprofit that has
helped coordinate tutoring efforts in the District.
ever, brought money and opportunity into the
mix and allowed the university to launch its
own tutoring program, Academic Enrichment
Camps.
" Historically, we've taught and thought of tutoring
as separate from teaching. But the pandemic
has made it clear that we need a more
personalized approach to teaching, " said Dawn
Marie Shinew, dean at Bowling Green's college
of education. " Prepping teacher candidates to
be tutors is integral to their training. That's a big
shift in my own thinking. "
Shinew now manages the enrichment camps
that run both in the summer and in school
during the semester. So far, these camps have
trained 186 tutors over three years who have
provided 7,500 hours of tutoring to 6th, 7th,
and 8th grade students in reading and math.
These tutors are also oriented with the schools
they tutor in, and meet frequently with classroom
teachers to go over their students' progress
and help tutors align better with their
curriculum.
Best practices are emerging, too. For one
" As future scientists, school leaders, even parents,
it's helpful to know what you're signing up
for, " McNeil said.
Tutoring skills are a key to teaching well
Most tutoring deals with small group intervention.
An advantage for aspiring teachers is that
this setup requires them to work with data to target
students' needs, a key instructional strategy.
" Part of the process is to know students at
an individual level, try different instructional
strategies and then test to see what's working, "
said Shinew of Bowling Green. " Tutors
can ask things like, 'Help me understand how
you got this answer.' That helps them explain
it differently for different types of learners. "
And tutoring is also good training on building
individual relationships with students who
come from different racial and economic backgrounds,
and how they can help solve problems
like truancy, said Peretti of CityTutor DC. Tutors
in Washington help teachers make calls
or text families when students are absent. " It
goes back to building good relationships with
students from the start, " said Peretti.
For Echeverria, the tutor-turned-teacher from
Teach For America, these relationships were
critical to her decision to teach full time.
Echeverria said she taught reading to English
learners, who weren't confident about reading
in English. " They were initially quiet and would
mumble their answers ... some of them had arrived
[in the United States] recently, " she said. " I
told them how as a kid, I was also embarrassed
to read out loud. They saw that I understood
them. I was on their team. "
Echeverria has carried her tutoring skills into
much larger classrooms, which she mostly manages
on her own. Now she uses tools like online
surveys with her students at the beginning of her
class to check how they're feeling.
" I get to know if they need my attention. Even
in a bigger classroom, these skills are useful, "
she said.
Financing the pathway
For all the benefits of the tutor-to-teacher
pipeline, it needs to be sustained financially to
make sense for tutors.
Most tutoring programs pay their tutors a
"
It's good prep, but it's also
a reality check for some
students who realize they
don't want to teach.
OCHEZE JOSEPH
Director of undergraduate learning, American
University
Tutors were a fractured bunch-some would
apply to schools through job boards or take up
after-school tutoring for select students. The
pandemic has forced organizations like hers
to play a stronger, centralizing role.
" We can be the central force to funnel more
tutors into teacher-apprenticeship programs, "
Peretti said.
So far, 16 states have created their own
teacher apprenticeship programs, and OSSE
has announced its own program for the 202425
school year.
At Bowling Green State University in Ohio,
tutoring was always a part of the curriculum for
select teaching courses. The pandemic, howthing,
the tutor-to-teacher university pipelines
need definite commitments by the schools to
which they send tutors.
" We ask the principals in our partnering
schools to sign up for 10 weeks each semester,
and not rotate the kids out before the time is up.
They pick the number of days and the time commitment.
But we push for in-school tutoring because
after-school interventions become more
limited, " said Nicole McNeil, a psychology professor
at the University of Notre Dame, and the
founder of TutorND, an in-house tutor training
program McNeil set up as part of her Cognition
Learning and Development Lab.
As part of TutorND, college students receive
at least an hour a week of training with instructional
coaches.
In the current school year, McNeil said 233
students from the university have signed up to
tutor, and 40 of them have shown interest in entering
teaching.
Before the pandemic, her lab only did limited
outreach to potential tutors and schools. " After
it, though, the initiative got super-charged. We
had more school principals asking for our tutors, "
said McNeil.
McNeil's lab attracts all kinds of undergraduates-from
education to math and neuroscience
majors. Tutoring helps all of them,
McNeil claimed, because it trains them in how
students learn.
stipend. If coupled with an apprenticeship program,
tutors can earn and learn at the same time.
Some programs are now tapping federal workstudy
dollars to sustain college students in tutoring
long enough to make the shift to full-time
teaching roles.
Step Up Tutoring, an online tutoring nonprofit
initiative that was created for the Los Angeles
Unified school system, has partnered with 25
higher educational institutions that are approved
federal work-study partners.
" The work-study dollars have been a great unlock.
It's an opportunity to get to college students
before they've decided [their careers], " said Sam
Olivieri, Step Up's CEO.
Olivieri said more can be done to increase the
number of college students who tutor. Universities
can increase the threshold for how much
they contribute to work-study programs, devoting
more to tutoring as a job.
And credentialing pathways and teacher-prep
programs could also recognize tutoring as relevant
field experience.
Joseph of AU said she's working on leveraging
work-study dollars, which currently apply to student-teachers
but not tutors in general. At Bowling
Green, Shinew has relied on federal work-study
dollars, a state grant, and a $1 million philanthropic
grant to train and send tutors into schools. " Our
local school partners need more access to tutors
than we're able to provide. It would be good to have
a specific work-study type program to pay aspiring
teachers as tutors as an employment opportunity. "
EDUCATION WEEK | May 29, 2024 | www.edweek.org | 11
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Education Week - May 29, 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 29, 2024

Education Week - May 29, 2024
Briefly Stated
Deepfakes Expose Public School Employees To New Threats
What the Research Says
Why Chronic Absenteeism Is a Budget Problem, Too
Israel-Hamas War Poses Tough Questions For K-12 Leaders, Too
New Title IX Rule Could Actually Simplify Some Things for Districts, Lawyers Say
These Preparation Programs Are Creating A ‘Tutor-to-Teacher’ Pipeline
Teachers’ Unions Are Starting Teacher-Prep Programs. Here’s What to Know
Signing Ceremonies Honor Students Who Want to Be Teachers
What Is Doxxing, and How Can Educators Protect Their Privacy Online?
Cellphone Headaches in Middle Schools: Why Policies Aren’t Enough
One School Leader Banned Cellphones, The Other Embraced Them. What Worked?
Should Migrant Families Pay Tuition for Public School?
Better Classroom Management Can’t Wait
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Brown v. Board of Education at 70: A Dream Dissolved
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Education Week - May 29, 2024
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 3
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Deepfakes Expose Public School Employees To New Threats
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - What the Research Says
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Why Chronic Absenteeism Is a Budget Problem, Too
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 7
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Israel-Hamas War Poses Tough Questions For K-12 Leaders, Too
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 9
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - New Title IX Rule Could Actually Simplify Some Things for Districts, Lawyers Say
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - These Preparation Programs Are Creating A ‘Tutor-to-Teacher’ Pipeline
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Teachers’ Unions Are Starting Teacher-Prep Programs. Here’s What to Know
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 13
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Signing Ceremonies Honor Students Who Want to Be Teachers
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - What Is Doxxing, and How Can Educators Protect Their Privacy Online?
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Cellphone Headaches in Middle Schools: Why Policies Aren’t Enough
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - One School Leader Banned Cellphones, The Other Embraced Them. What Worked?
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 18
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Should Migrant Families Pay Tuition for Public School?
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Better Classroom Management Can’t Wait
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - 22
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - May 29, 2024 - Brown v. Board of Education at 70: A Dream Dissolved
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