Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 1

Education WEEk
AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2015 Editorial Projects in Education * $4
1965-2015 The ESEA at 50
K-12 Law's Legacy
Blend of Idealism,
Policy Tensions
By Alyson Klein
Fifty years ago this month, President Lyndon B. Johnson
signed into law the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act outside the former one-room schoolhouse in rural Texas
he'd once attended. The new law dramatically ramped up
Washington's investment in K-12 education, carving out a
role for the federal government in educating the nation's
poorest children.
But shortly after that cinematic ceremony, administrators
in the U.S. Office of Education-the predecessor of today's
separate, Cabinet-level department-found themselves with
a difficult task.
They needed to write-and enforce-regulations that
would ensure states and districts sent the federal dollars to
communities with the highest concentrations of poverty and
used the money appropriately. And while state and local
governments were happy to cash the federal checks, many
weren't nearly as receptive to federal direction.
Five decades and more than half a dozen revisions of the
EsEa later, calibrating the proper federal K-12 role remains
an elusive goal.
"It's a tough nut to crack," said Michael W. Kirst, who
in 1965 served in the federal Office of Education-part of
what was then the Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare-and helped craft and carry out regulations for
the new law.
"This is a nation of states and a nation of local control.
... It's the nature of our federalism that makes this job so
hard," he said.
Mr. Kirst, who today is the president of the California
state school board, now finds himself on the other side of the
PAGE 18 >
IN THIS PACKAGE
TIMELINE
18 View a half-century of education
policy history since 1965's passage
of the ESEA.
RESEARCH PUZZLE
19 The impact of Title I funding
on student achievement has
proved hard to quantify.
UNDER THE HOOD
20 Review a handy guide to the
10 portions, or "titles," of the
nation's main K-12 law.
ACADEMIC INQUIRY
22 Key studies over several decades
have delved into whether the law has
moved the needle on performance.
April 11, 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson, seated with his childhood
schoolteacher, Kate Deadrich Loney, delivers remarks after signing the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act at the former Junction
Elementary School near Stonewall, Texas.
By Michele Molnar
A New Jersey high school student who posted
a tweet about a question on a common-core test
last month has unintentionally sparked a controversy
that is reverberating through the first
wave of state assessments this year.
The fallout from the tweet-discovered in a
sweep of social media for cheating-has become a
talking point for people concerned about student
privacy, for those protesting the overuse of testing,
and for others who want to protect the integrity
of the new assessments, which are being administered
in 28 states and the District of Columbia.
The chain of events unfolded after Bob
Braun, a New Jersey news blogger, posted an
email written privately by Elizabeth C. Jewett,
the superintendent of the 2,100-student
Watchung Hills district in Warren, N.J., to
colleagues expressing her surprise about how
an alleged breach of testing security had been
discovered.
What she found surprising-and "a bit disPAGE
10 >
VOL. 34, NO. 26 * APRIL 1, 2015
edweek.org: BREAKING NEWS DAILY
Testing Security
Prompts Scrutiny
Of Social Media
Companies Defend Practice
Of Monitoring Student Accounts
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS
Virtual Spec. Ed.
Is Evolving Option
By Michelle R. Davis
Turnover at Top Can Leave Funders Wary
By Corey Mitchell
When the Hillsborough County school
board in Florida recently fired Superintendent
MaryEllen Elia, questions immediately
arose about the fate of the district's $100 million
teacher-improvement initiative financed
by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
To quell concerns, Irvin Scott, the deputy
director of education at the foundation, traveled
from the District of Columbia to the
Tampa-based district to address the crowd
at one of Ms. Elia's farewell receptions.
His trip sent a clear signal, school officials
said: The Gates Foundation remains committed
to the work.
"They know the strong leadership that
we've had in Hillsborough," Ms. Elia said of
the philanthropy. "They wanted to be there
to show the appreciation for the work we've
done."
Districts such as Hillsborough County increasingly
rely on hefty investments from
private funders to pay for a variety of improvement
efforts, from purchasing classroom
technology to building stronger pipelines
of prospective principals.
But the potential for tumult in the leadership
ranks is an issue that donors to K-12
must constantly wrestle with as they make
decisions about which school districts they
want to support with their money. When
superintendents attract tens of millions of
dollars from foundations and then depart
abruptly, the ties between their districts and
those funders can turn tenuous.
"Turnover matters tremendously," said
Andrés A. Alonso, a former superintendent
of the Baltimore city schools, who is now a
professor at the Harvard Graduate School
of Education. "It makes the national foundations
gun-shy."
So far, it appears the Gates Foundation
isn't flinching in Hillsborough County.
The 206,000-student school system is in its
fifth year of Empowering Effective Teachers,
a seven-year evaluation and mentoring program
supported by Gates in Hillsborough
and a handful of other districts and charter
schools that the foundation selected. (The
Gates Foundation also helps support Education
Week's coverage of college- and careerready
standards and assessments.)
The Hillsborough school board fired Ms.
Elia in January, the same month she became
one of four finalists for the national superinPAGE
13 >
As new technologies allow digital lessons to be
tailored to various learning styles, a growing number
of programs are evolving to enable students
with disabilities to take online courses created with
their needs in mind.
While such options are still not readily available
for most students in special education, virtual programs
are being seen as a means to fill gaps in special
education services in cost-effective ways.
Some schools are offering online speech therapy
classes that feature video interactivity, for
instance, while others are turning to digital curricula
designed specifically for special education
students, rather than trying to adapt existing
PAGE 10 >
Megan Atkinson is taking a 10th grade special education
algebra course at Ashbrook High School in Gastonia, N.C.,
that blends face-to-face and virtual teaching and learning.
Frank Wolfe/The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library-File
John W. Adkisson for Education Week
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - April 1, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 1, 2015

K-12 Law’s Legacy Blend of Idealism, Policy Tensions
Testing Security Prompts Scrutiny Of Social Media
Virtual Spec. Ed. Is Evolving Option
Turnover at Top Can Leave Funders Wary
Education Week - April 1, 2015
News in Brief
Report Roundup
New Studies Affirm Impact of Board-Certified Teachers
Blogs of the Week
Honored Educator Decries Current Climate for Teaching
‘Opt-Out’ Push Sparks Queries For Guidance
Texas Lawmakers Wrangle A Herd of Education Measures
A View From the Top As the Policy Clock Ticks
Blogs of the Week
TYRONE HOWARD: Decriminalizing School Discipline: Why Black Males Matter
THE ESEA AT 50: Perspectives From the Archives
REBECCA GIVENS ROLLAND: The Ticking Clock of American Education
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
MARILYN BURNS: What Reading Instruction Can Teach Us About Math Instruction
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Education Week - April 1, 2015
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 2
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 3
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - New Studies Affirm Impact of Board-Certified Teachers
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Honored Educator Decries Current Climate for Teaching
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 9
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 10
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 11
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 12
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 13
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 14
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Texas Lawmakers Wrangle A Herd of Education Measures
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 17
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 18
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 19
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 20
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 21
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 22
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 23
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - THE ESEA AT 50: Perspectives From the Archives
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - REBECCA GIVENS ROLLAND: The Ticking Clock of American Education
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 27
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 29
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 30
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 31
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - MARILYN BURNS: What Reading Instruction Can Teach Us About Math Instruction
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT1
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT2
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT3
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT4
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