Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 1

EDUCATIONWEEK
VOL. 33, NO. 22 * FEBRUARY 26, 2014
AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2014 Editorial Projects in Education * $4
INDUSTRY & INNOVATION
Grad Rates
Seen as Fuel
For Startups
Education Proves Stronger
Influence Than Money
By Michele Molnar
Pearlie Harris, the director of the Royal Castle Child Development Center, watches over children at the school in New Orleans. In order to stay
in business, the center must find ways to retain families who might be drawn to Louisiana's publicly funded preschool program.
Public Pre-K Can Put Squeeze on Private Providers
Competition From Free Preschool Can Siphon Off Coveted Clients
By Christina A. Samuels
Every year, Pearlie Harris hustles to keep
4-year-olds enrolled in the child-care center
she runs in the Hollygrove neighborhood of
New Orleans.
Louisiana regulations require one caregiver
for every five children under 12 months
old in center-based care, such as Ms. Harris'
Royal Castle Child Development Center. For
4-year-olds, regulations allow one teacher
for every 16 children. Ms. Harris' center uses
a more labor-intensive formula: one caregiver
for four infants and one teacher for 10
4-year-olds. The tuition for the 4-year-olds
subsidizes the more expensive care for the
younger children.
But Royal Castle, which charges $165 a week
for infants through 4-year-olds, is in competition
with Louisiana's publicly funded preschool
program for at-risk children, which is free to
qualified families. And the center, which is certified
by the National Association for the Education
of Young Children and highly ranked
under the state's rating system for child-care
programs, sometimes finds itself on the losing
end of such competition.
The pressure on private child-care providers
can be an unintended consequence of the expansion
of publicly funded preschool programs
Startup and entrepreneurial growth
in small to large cities is fueled more
by high school diplomas and college
degrees than by venture capital,
government funding, or the presence
of research universities, a study
concludes.
The study, conducted by the Ewing
Marion Kauffman Foundation, examined
business activity in 356 U.S.
metropolitan areas. Researchers found
that investment levels of financial organizations,
primarily venture capitalists,
did not correlate with high startup
activity, and that billions of dollars in
federal government research expenditures
and the presence of research
universities were not associated with
higher rates of entrepreneurship.
Instead, the authors say, education
is the most significant factor correlated
with entrepreneurial growth.
"A substantial high school completion
rate will further increase the area's
PAGE 10>
for 4-year-olds. Centers rarely earn much
money on infant care, because the caregiverto-child
ratios have to be kept low. But when
4-year-olds, with their more favorable ratios,
leave for a publicly funded program, some private
programs falter.
Research into this situation is nuanced. A
study of universal-preschool programs in Georgia
and Oklahoma has found that so-called
preschool "crowdout" isn't always a given.
But some early-education advocates have
seen evidence of the strain, and they say it puts
them in a quandary. None of them wants to
discourage public funding for early-childhood
programs, but when private providers disappear,
fewer high-quality slots are available for
PAGE 11>
edweek.org: BREAKING NEWS DAILY
Minnesota Pushes
To Ratchet Down
Achievement Gap
By Michele McNeil
Computer Science Education: Not Just an Elective Anymore
By Liana Heitin
tive measure awaiting final action.
At least eight more states are in the process
Computer science education is getting some-
thing of a fresh look from state and local policymakers,
with many starting to push new measures
to broaden K-12 students' access to the
subject.
Seventeen states and the District of Colum-
bia now have policies in place that allow computer
science to count as a mathematics or science
credit, rather than as an elective, in high
schools-and that number is on the rise. Wisconsin,
Alabama, and Maryland have adopted such
policies since December, and Idaho has a legisla-
of reviewing proposals for similar legislative or
regulatory changes.
"The amazing thing is not only the level to
which policy changes are increasing, but the diversity,
both regional and political," of where it's
happening, said Cameron Wilson, the chief operating
officer for the computer science advocacy
group Code.org. "These are red states and blue
states, and they're all embracing this."
In January, Texas lawmakers approved legis-
lation that would allow students to take a computer
science course to satisfy a foreign-language
requirement-a move that alarmed some computing
advocates, who say it denies computer
science's deep roots in math and science. Several
other states, including Kentucky and New Mexico,
are considering a similar approach.
In addition, some large urban districts are getting
in on the action. The Chicago and Broward
County, Fla., systems are finding ways to bring
computer science courses to more students and
schools in the next academic year.
There's widespread agreement that the recent
surge in public interest around computer science
education was partly triggered by a hip, well-fiPAGE
12>
As some states use their No Child
Left Behind Act waivers to try to move
far away from certain aspects of the law,
Minnesota is doing the opposite when it
comes to accountability-and with early,
promising results.
The state is eschewing popular education
policy trends such as A-F grading
systems, state-takeover districts, and
"supersubgroups" of at-risk students in
favor of policies that embrace the spirit
of the 12-year-old accountability law.
Minnesota is elevating the importance
of small subgroups of at-risk students,
issuing progress reports to districts
on achievement gaps, and relying on
regional centers to help struggling
schools.
The payoff for such unflashy work?
Early data show that about threequarters
of districts are on track to cut
their achievement gaps in half by 2017
for nearly all of their subgroups-a key
goal of the NCLB waivers offered by the
U.S. Department of Education. GraduaPAGE
19>
Ted Jackson for Education Week
http://www.edweek.org http://www.Code.org

Education Week - February 26, 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 26, 2014

Education Week - February 26, 2014
Public Pre-K Can Put Squeeze on Private Providers
Minnesota Pushes to Ratchet Down Achievement Gap
Computer Science Education: Not Just An Elective Anymore
Grad Rates Seen as Fuel for Startups
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
ETS Wades Into Market for Teacher- Performance Exams
Charter Network Finds New Teachers Among Its Graduates
New E-Rate Funding to Address K-12 Technology Needs
Blogs of the Week
Some in Congress Adding Fuel To Common-Core Debate
State Lawmakers Aim to Rejigger Local School Board Elections
States Found to Lag in Their Data- Linking on Youngest Children
Blogs of the Week
CHARLES TAYLOR KERCHNER: California: The Great Exception
V. SCOTT SOLBERG & CURTIS RICHARDS: Making ‘Individualized’ Plans for a Postsecondary Future
DEBBIE RHEA: More Play, Better Focus
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
DONALD G. NICOLAS: Why We Need More Black Men in Teaching
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Grad Rates Seen as Fuel for Startups
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 2
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Contents
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Report Roundup
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 5
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - ETS Wades Into Market for Teacher- Performance Exams
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Charter Network Finds New Teachers Among Its Graduates
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 9
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 10
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 11
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 12
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - State Lawmakers Aim to Rejigger Local School Board Elections
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - States Found to Lag in Their Data- Linking on Youngest Children
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 16
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 17
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 18
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 19
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - V. SCOTT SOLBERG & CURTIS RICHARDS: Making ‘Individualized’ Plans for a Postsecondary Future
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - DEBBIE RHEA: More Play, Better Focus
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Letters
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 23
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 24
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 26
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - 27
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - DONALD G. NICOLAS: Why We Need More Black Men in Teaching
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Cover1
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Cover2
Education Week - February 26, 2014 - Cover3
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