Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 1

EDUCATION WEEK
VOL.

NO. 19 * JANUARY 2

edweek.org:

AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2016 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4

201

BRE AKING NEWS DAILY

AP Student Pool
Staying Strong,
Studies Find
But Debate Continues Over Why
Race Gaps in Participation Persist

While public school students' participation in
the Advanced Placement program has shot up
over the past two decades, the academic caliber
of the course-takers does not appear to have been
"watered down," according to new research from
the American Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning think tank in Washington.
"If you look at the overall achievement of students over time, you'd expect it to be falling," said
Nat Malkus, a senior research fellow for the AEI
who wrote the two recent reports on the subject.
But during the years for which he could compare
data, overall performance levels for students who
took an AP class "didn't show any reduction."
The findings counter an oft-cited criticism of
the College Board's program: That it has expanded too quickly to maintain its reputation for
being rigorous and college-level.
The studies also show that students of color are
just as likely as white students to attend schools
that offer AP. Malkus argues that means lack of
access to AP isn't causing racial gaps in coursetaking-lack of academic preparation is.
But some equity advocates take exception to
the idea that having an AP course in a school is
the same as having access to it.
"You have to dig a little more deeply," said Denise
Pope, a senior lecturer at the Harvard Graduate
School of Education. "Many schools have many
PAGE 14 >

Ed. Dept.'s Chief
Turns Up Volume
B A

K

The newly minted Every Student Succeeds Act
aims to clip the wings of future education secretaries when it comes to accountability, testing,
and more-but it doesn't say anything about use
of the bully pulpit.
And acting U.S. Secretary of Education
John B. King Jr. has made it clear over the first
few weeks of his tenure that he will keep up the
rhetorical drumbeat on the importance of educational equity for all students, no matter how the
complicated process of regulating ESSA turns
out. And he urged states to rethink educatorevaluation systems if they're not actually helping teachers improve their practice.
King kicked off a five-city Opportunity Across
America tour the day after President Barack
Obama's State of the Union Address earlier this
month. He's stopped in El Paso, Texas, to talk
about border students, and in Houston to encourage districts to pair academics with health
services. Other stops have included Orlando,
Fla., and Philadelphia.
And in a trio of speeches last week-in WashPAGE 2 >

Melissa Golden for Education Week

By Liana Heitin

Misty Hatcher takes a break from computer class at Lanier Technical College in Oakwood, Ga. Hatcher recently enrolled in the college
after a new state law allowed her to retroactively obtain the high school diploma that had been withheld from her for 10 years.

States Issue Thousands of Retroactive Diplomas
New Laws Give Students Who Never Passed Their Exit Exams Another Chance to Graduate
B C

G

At least six states are quietly bestowing
retroactive diplomas on tens of thousands
of former students who never passed their
state's required exit exam, sparking a
heated debate about rigor, fairness, and the
meaning of a high school diploma.
In Georgia alone, more than 17,000 diplomas have been granted that way in just the
past nine months, and that number is expected to soar further. Texas has issued at
least 4,000 retroactive diplomas, with 12,000
students-and possibly three times that number-still eligible. South Carolina has already
conferred more than 6,100 retroactive diplo-

mas and could face similar requests from another 8,000 or more students.
In California, at least 35,000 students now
qualify for diplomas even though they failed
the required-but now eliminated-exit exam
in the past decade. Arizona and Alaska have
passed similar legislation, allowing students
to apply for diplomas despite failing the test
required for graduation.
The novel pathway to graduation has
arisen from a national trend in which states
are eliminating comprehensive tests in
math and English/language arts in favor
of end-of-course tests or other measures of
high school achievement. States have been
throwing over exit exams for years, arguing

Laws That Lead to School Arrests
Targeted for Change in Some States
B E

B

When a video of a South Carolina
school resource officer's classroom
arrest of an African-American girl
spread quickly online last year,
most viewers were surprised by the
violent nature of the interaction, in
which the officer forcefully pulled
the girl from her desk and threw her
across the room.
But civil rights and student
groups said viewers should also be
concerned that the classroom conflict that sparked the interaction at

Spring Valley High School in Columbia, S.C., led to an arrest at all.
After the girl refused to put away
her cellphone and subsequently refused to leave the classroom to be
disciplined, a school administrator
called in the officer. The school resource officer arrested the girl and
another classmate, who protested
the interaction, on charges of "disrupting a school." Under that law,
South Carolina students are arrested for offenses that aren't always considered crimes when they
PAGE 14 >

that they're useless because they're often
pegged to 8th- or 9th-grade-level skills.
More recently, the states that dropped
their graduation exams argued that
they don't reflect the Common Core State
Standards.
Then states had to confront a fairness
issue: How could they hold students responsible for passing a test that state officials
themselves deemed obsolete and too easy?
Some states responded with laws that let
students off the hook for the exam. But that
PAGE 1 >

LOWER BAR: The passing score has been lowered

for the GED high-school-equivalency test.
PAGE 9

TEACHER RECRUITMENT
New Challenges, New Strategies
This special report
explores the factors
behind recent teacher
shortages in many areas
and highlights initiatives
designed to improve
district hiring processes
and tap new pools of
prospective educators.
See the pullout section
opposite Page 16.


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 27, 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 27, 2016

Education Week - January 27, 2016
Laws That Lead to School Arrests Targeted for Change in Some States
Ed. Dept.’s Chief Turns Up Volume
States Issue Thousands Of Retroactive Diplomas
AP Student Pool Staying Strong, Studies Find
News in Brief
Contents
Report Roundup
In Other Countries, Teacher PD Is a Way of Life
Leadership Hodgepodge Poses Management Challenges
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: New Tech Standard Aims to Ease Sharing Of Digital Roster Data
Passing Score Lowered on Latest Revision Of GED Exam
Blogs of the Week
Studies Explore Reasons Behind ‘Fade-Out’ Effect
‘Micro’ Schools Could Pressure Private K-12
Quality Counts 2016 Corrected Tables
Kansas Panel Pours Fuel on Debate Over K-12 Aid
States Exploring Ways to Meet Test-Participation Mandate
State of the States
Blogs of the Week
MCGUIRE, DUNN, SHAW, & SCHOTT: When ‘Opportunity’ Is Anything But
STERNBERG & HOLLEY: Walton Family Foundation: Rethink Virtual Charters
BROWN: Special Education Needs an Exit Plan
State of the States
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
ANDERSON: The Third Way: A Mixed-Market Approach To Schooling
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - AP Student Pool Staying Strong, Studies Find
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 2
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 3
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Leadership Hodgepodge Poses Management Challenges
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 7
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: New Tech Standard Aims to Ease Sharing Of Digital Roster Data
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Studies Explore Reasons Behind ‘Fade-Out’ Effect
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - ‘Micro’ Schools Could Pressure Private K-12
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Quality Counts 2016 Corrected Tables
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 13
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 14
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 15
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 16
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - States Exploring Ways to Meet Test-Participation Mandate
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - State of the States
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 19
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 21
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 22
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 23
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - STERNBERG & HOLLEY: Walton Family Foundation: Rethink Virtual Charters
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - BROWN: Special Education Needs an Exit Plan
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - State of the States
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 27
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 29
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 30
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - 31
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - ANDERSON: The Third Way: A Mixed-Market Approach To Schooling
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - CT4
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - SCover1
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - SCover2
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S1
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S2
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S3
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S4
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S5
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S6
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S7
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - S8
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - SCover3
Education Week - January 27, 2016 - SCover4
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