Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 14

Q&A
The vocabulary wall shows words in a 2nd grade classroom collected from the texts that students
have read throughout the unit. Students can use the words in their writing.
How One District Found Success
By Overhauling Writing Instruction
The district
anchored
its writing
instruction in
rich content
linked to its
new English/
language arts
curriculum
By
Caitlynn
Peetz
Photo by
Narayan Mahon
for Education Week
A
more intentional focus on writing
instruction is reaping big rewards for
a Tennessee district.
In Sumner County, a district serving
about 29,000 students, school leaders
in 2019 were looking for a new, more
effective way to bolster students' comprehension skills,
starting in the early elementary grades.
Reading comprehension-unlike foundational skills
like phonics-takes years, even a lifetime to build. As
they identify words, students need to know a lot in order
to make sense of what they read, and so they have to
be introduced to content systematically. The idea has
roots in cognitive science and the work of educator E.D.
Hirsch, though research about how best to build students'
background or " world knowledge " is still emerging.
Sumner County began implementing a new English/
language arts curriculum that incorporates writing as a
main focus of students' lessons, pushing them beyond
memoirs and personal essays to build this background
knowledge. While the bulk of the writing instruction
happens in students' ELA classes, other courses, like
science and social studies, now also incorporate more
writing projects linked to their lessons.
14 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 25, 2023 | www.edweek.org
But actually implementing that instruction can be
difficult. Teachers are generally used to assigning
memoir-type writing, especially for earlier grades, that
focuses on students' personal experiences and feelings,
rather than the content they're learning or the world
around them. Asking a 2nd grader to write opinion essays
can feel counterintuitive, initially.
The benefits, though, can be impressive. Along
with improved test scores, Sumner County students'
confidence has increased, both in their academics and in
general, according to the district's chief academic officer,
Scott Langford.
Administrators from the district shared how they went
about the transition to more intentional writing instruction
and the results they've seen since.
This interview has been edited for length and clarity.
What prompted you to make an investment
in writing instruction?
Scott Langford, chief academic officer: From my
perspective, our reading and literacy scores were stagnant
for many years. I always presumed we moved the needle
for kids' reading and writing performance in high school,
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 25, 2023

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 25, 2023

Education Week - January 25, 2023
How Does Writing Fit Into the ‘Science of Reading’?
‘Encoding’ Explained: What It Is and Why It’s Essential to Literacy
Young Writers Need Structure To Learn the Craft
Q&A: How One District Found Success by Overhauling Writing Instruction
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - Education Week - January 25, 2023
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - CW2
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - C1
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - C2
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 1
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 2
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - How Does Writing Fit Into the ‘Science of Reading’?
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 4
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 5
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 6
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 7
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - ‘Encoding’ Explained: What It Is and Why It’s Essential to Literacy
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 9
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - Young Writers Need Structure To Learn the Craft
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 11
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 12
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 13
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - Q&A: How One District Found Success by Overhauling Writing Instruction
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 15
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - 16
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - C3
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - C4
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - CW3
Education Week - January 25, 2023 - CW4
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