Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 8


SNAPSHOT

|

Data Highlights

U.S. TEENAGERS STALL ON INTERNATIONAL MATH TESTS
Math results were mixed for American students on two major global benchmarking tests released in recent weeks.
While 8th graders posted their highest average score ever on TIMSS, 15-year-olds declined on PISA.

2015 PISA RESULTS (15 YEAR OLDS)

2015 TIMSS RESULTS (8TH GRADE)

TIMSS, PISA RESULTS
HIGHLIGHT GLOBAL MATH
AND SCIENCE GAPS

S

tudents in the United States are by and large
treading water in the two largest international
benchmarking tests in math, science, and reading,
which both released 2015 results in recent weeks.
U.S. 15-year-olds did not perform significantly
differently in science or reading on the Program for
International Student Assessment in 2015 compared
with their showing in previous years, and their math
performance significantly declined since 2012 and 2009,
the last two times PISA was given. That put the United
States roughly in the middle of education systems in
reading and science on PISA, but below average in math.
In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science
Study, the nation's 4th graders scored in the top quarter
of all participating countries in those two subjects,
though they showed no improvement since 2011, when
TIMSS was last held. U.S. 8th graders likewise performed
in the top quarter of countries in math and science; they
had significantly improved in math but not in science
since 2011. TIMSS, run by the International Association
for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, tracks
math and science skills in 4th and 8th grades in 55
countries and education systems. PISA, run by the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development,
measures critical-thinking and problem-solving skills
in math, science, and reading of 15-year-olds in 77
countries and education systems.
The United States also took part in TIMSS Advanced
in 2015, for the first time in 20 years. That test gauges
18-year-olds in nine countries and education systems
on the most challenging math and science, including
calculus and physics. U.S. students showed no
improvement in advanced math or science since 1995.
They performed above average among the participating
countries in math, but below average in physics.
Singapore led the world across all subjects and grade
levels in both TIMSS and PISA. Its students did not take
part in TIMSS Advanced.
-sarah d. sparks

EDUCATION SYSTEM

Mean

10th
Percentile

90th
Percentile

EDUCATION SYSTEM

Mean

10th
Percentile

90th
Percentile

Canada

527

434

613

Canada

516

400

627

Chile

427

323

531

Chile

423

313

534

Chinese Taipei-China

599

459

714

Chinese Taipei-China

542

404

670

United Kingdom-England

498

414

624

United Kingdom

493

371

610

Hong Kong-China

594

489

686

Hong Kong-China

548

426

659

Japan

586

470

699

Japan

532

416

643

Republic of Korea

606

491

711

Republic of Korea

524

391

649

Lebanon

442

345

539

Lebanon

396

268

531

Lithuania

511

409

608

Lithuania

478

365

590

Russian Federation

538

429

641

Russia

494

387

601

Singapore

621

505

715

Singapore

564

436

682

Sweden

501

406

590

Sweden

494

376

609

Turkey

458

324

599

Turkey

420

317

529

United States

518

408

624

United States

470

355

585

Average

493

364

613

Average

490

373

605

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, International Association for the
Evaluation of Educational Achievement

Percentile cut score is higher than U.S. percentile cut score at the .05 level of statistical
significance.
Percentile cut score is lower than U.S. percentile cut score at the .05 level of
statistical significance.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development

As in prior years, Asian education systems-including Singapore, Japan, and the Republic of
Korea-led the world in math on both TIMSS and PISA.

SCIENCE GENDER GAPS DIFFER FOR TOP STUDENTS
Gender gaps have been closing among students taking part in PISA for science. While boys still
strongly outperform girls among top students, the reverse is often true among low performers.
GAP FAVORS GIRLS

GAP FAVORS BOYS

SCIENCE PROFICIENCY OVERALL
Lowest-performing students

6.1
13.9 Top-performing students
3.5 Average

STRUGGLING STUDENTS FALTER ON TIMSS

SPECIFIC SCIENCE SKILLS

Overall, U.S. 8th graders have significantly improved in the past 20 years on TIMSS math,
but the gaps between high- and low-performing students have widened over time.
650
600

594
552

608

607

450
400

492

438

380

90th percentile

607

Average 1.3

577
560

563

502

504

508

509

442

450

456

457

461

400

408

409

408

562

75th percentile

562

550
500

9.5 Top-performing students
Lowest-performing students 11.6

627
611

INTERPRETING DATA AND EVIDENCE SCIENTIFICALLY

EVALUATING AND DESIGNING AN EXPERIMENT
4.3 Top-performing students

418
Average score

Lowest-performing students

14.6
Average 5.5

25th percentile

EXPLAINING PHENOMENA SCIENTIFICALLY
21.8

10th percentile

387

Top-performing
students

2.1 Lowest-performing students
350

12.1 Average
1995

1999

2003

2007

2011

2015

SOURCE: IEA

The lowest-performing quarter of 8th graders have not significantly improved their
performance on TIMSS math in nearly a decade.
8 | EDUCATION WEEK | December 14, 2016 | www.edweek.org

15

10

5

0

5

10

15

20

Difference in scale score points between girls and boys
SOURCE: OECD

At all proficiency levels, boys outperformed girls at scientific explanations,
while girls showed strong data interpretation and experiment design.

25


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - December 14, 2016

Education Week - December 14, 2016
State-Level Showdowns Over ESSA
School Choice Is A Primary Focus For Ed. Sec. Pick
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Media Literacy Vs. Bogus News
States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
College Board Eases Access To Supports
Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
New Help for States Focused On Bolstering Schools
Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
TIFFANY ANDERSON: What Trauma-Informed Leadership Looks Like
BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - College Board Eases Access To Supports
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 25
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 27
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 28
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S5
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S6
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S7
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S8
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S9
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S10
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S14
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S15
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S19
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S20
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S21
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S22
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S23
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover4
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