Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 19


COMMENTARY
STUDENT TRAUMA
How School Leaders Can Respond

-THE EDITORS

"

You can't help but be
haunted by the faces and
the stories of our youngest
students and our most
veteran educators."

Melody Newcomb for Education Week

ABOUT THIS SPECIAL SECTION
Each year, nearly one-third of
schoolchildren in the United States
suffer significant brain-function
impairment-with academic
and social consequences-as a
result of abuse, neglect, domestic
violence, poverty, or other personal
challenges, writes Bruce D. Perry.
As the founder of The ChildTrauma
Academy and author of this special
section's back-page Commentary,
Perry argues that understanding
how trauma affects student learning
is key to improving the nation's
public schools.
District and school leaders are
uniquely positioned to offer traumainformed practices to their staff
and students. Art therapy, yoga,
and mindfulness training for
students, as well as professional
development and coping strategies
for educators, are just some of the
cortisol-reducing activities that have
been shown to promote healing and
improve school climate, student
attendance, and student learning.
In "Student Trauma: How School
Leaders Can Respond," past and
current district superintendents,
a principal, and two founders of
trauma-informed programs reflect
on proven strategies that are
making a difference in the lives of
children and adults.
This special section is supported
by a grant from The Wallace
Foundation. Education Week
retained sole editorial control over
the content of this package; the
opinions expressed are the authors'
own, however.

A Superintendent
Tackles Student Stress

M
By Terry B. Grier

y long trek toward
retirement after 32
years as a superintendent was a
rewarding one. The
Houston Independent School District-the often-unwieldy, seventh-largest system in the United
States, which I led for seven years-had narrowed achievement gaps and decreased the
dropout rate during my tenure. In 2013, our
success was honored with the Broad Prize
for Urban Education. The district received a
Race to the Top grant and two federal magnet
school grants. It passed a $1.89 billion construction bond-the largest in Texas' history.
In spite of the accolades and achievements,
including for the district's school turnarounds
and use of technology, I still had a gnawing
sense of unfinished business.
When you regularly visit the campuses of a
big, diverse city like Houston-a microcosm of

our country and, to some extent, the world-
you can't help but be haunted by the faces and
the stories of our youngest students and our
most veteran educators. You hear from children who fall asleep to the sounds of gunfire
in their neighborhoods or those who have fled
a war-torn land with the same sounds ringing
in their ears. You meet adolescents forced to assume adult responsibilities for earning money
and caring for siblings in poverty-stricken
homes, where food may be scarce and utilities
spotty. You learn to recognize the strained and
sagging body language of a high-performing
student who is bearing the weight of a family's
lofty expectations.
You can spot burnout in the eyes of teachers who face their own relentless expectations
and low resources, and sense the hopelessness in staff members who are strained to
their limits.
You do your best to attack each problem-
illiteracy, language barriers, high-stakes testing, dropout rates, achievement gaps, technology demands, massive mandates with
limited funding, and on and on.
One afternoon, while sitting in Houston

traffic and reflecting on my time leading the
district, it hit me. That light-bulb moment.
We had battled inequities, poverty, and adult
political issues but had not tackled perhaps
education's biggest problem-a universal
issue that exists across our schools, regardless of neighborhood or region: stress. What
really ate at me was the fact that stress can
be managed, and yet we had done little even
to acknowledge the problem.
The next morning, I assembled a project
team and began looking for proven strategies
to help our students and teachers regain the
focus they had lost. We discovered a pilot program in California and New York designed to
improve health and wellness for underserved
youths through simple breathing exercises,
yoga-based stretching, and focus-building.
What hooked us was the fact that Stanford
University was evaluating this program.
In the fall of 2014, our district had the
chance to incorporate these techniques into its
own pilot schools and become part of two studies through University of Houston and University of San Diego. Not only did our students
embrace the classes, which supplemented
other physical activities and met state criteria
for physical education, the teachers and staff
also wanted to participate. And there was no
juggling curriculum or putting additional demands on faculty, staff, and resources. We soon
expanded the program to 14,000 students on
26 campuses and saw the same results as in
previous research: fewer behavioral issues,
students and teachers regaining focus, and
a palpable shift toward a culture of care and
compassion at each campus.
But it's the personal observations and testimonials that attest most vividly to the success of this work, hearing the pride of a child
who has learned a life lesson in personal empowerment and self-control by "breathing."
An epiphany is hard to ignore. So when
it came time to retire, instead I took a deep
breath, focused, and moved on to a new passion:
combating personal and community stress, peer
pressures, and the distractions of technology by
making these simple strategies available to
every school in the nation. The programs are
there, the research is developing, and free resources and flexible funding are just a few keystrokes, an email, or a phone call away. n
TERRY B. GRIER, a former superintendent of the
Houston public schools, is the executive director of
Pure Edge Inc., a nonprofit dedicated to bringing
success through focus to students and educators in
America's schools. In 2015, he was one of Education
Week's Leaders to Learn From.

EDUCATION WEEK | December 14, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 19


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - December 14, 2016

Education Week - December 14, 2016
State-Level Showdowns Over ESSA
School Choice Is A Primary Focus For Ed. Sec. Pick
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Media Literacy Vs. Bogus News
States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
College Board Eases Access To Supports
Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
New Help for States Focused On Bolstering Schools
Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
TIFFANY ANDERSON: What Trauma-Informed Leadership Looks Like
BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - College Board Eases Access To Supports
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 25
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 27
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 28
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S5
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S6
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S7
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S8
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S9
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S10
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S14
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S15
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S19
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S20
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S21
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S22
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S23
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover4
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