Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17


islation that would have given states
the option of allowing federal dollars
for poor children, students in special
education, and other programs to follow children to the schools of their
choice. But it failed to clear procedural
hurdles last year during consideration
of the Every Student Succeeds Act
when Republicans held more seats in
the Senate than they will as of January. And West doesn't expect that the
votes will be there next year.
Trump also has called the Common
Core State Standards a "disaster" and
pledged to scrap them.
Although the president doesn't
have that power over the standards,
Trump's selection of DeVos has worried some conservative activists
because of her association with a
prominent common-core champion,
former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush. Until
recently, DeVos served on the board
of the Foundation for Excellence in
Education, a research and advocacy
organization Bush started that has
promoted the standards.
But the day Trump tapped her
to lead the Education Department,
DeVos tweeted that she is not a common-core supporter. On her website,
she calls the standards a "federalized boondoggle."
The Obama administration provided financial incentives that encouraged adoption of the state-developed
common core, but ESSA, the main
federal K-12 law, doesn't allow the
secretary to tell states which academic
standards they can and can't use.

Michigan Work
DeVos' devotion to school choice
seems to be motivated in part by her
Christian faith. She told Philanthropy
Magazine in 2013 that she was first
inspired to join the movement decades
ago, during a visit to Potter's House
Christian School in Grand Rapids,
a religious school that served some
students whose parents struggled to
cover tuition.
"We met parents who were doing everything in their power to have their
kids in an environment that was safe,
where they were learning, and where
the atmosphere was just electric with
curiosity," DeVos said.
She and her husband spent the
next two decades training their focus
on school choice, both in Michigan and
across the country.
In 1993, they successfully championed legislation to bring charter
schools to Michigan. But just seven
years later, they were unable to persuade voters to make a change to the
state constitution to open the door to
a voucher program, despite a nearly
$13 million campaign to support it,
about twice what teachers' unions
spent to defeat the measure.
The DeVoses were undaunted.
Later that year, they gave an interview at "the Gathering," a conference
of wealthy Christians, and cast the
struggle for expanding school choice
in religious terms, according to a video
released by the news site Politico. In
the video, the DeVoses also express
dismay that public schools-not
churches-have become the center of
community life.
In 2000, the DeVoses started the
Great Lakes Education Project, or
GLEP, an advocacy organization
and political action committee, to
continue promoting their education

policy goals in Michigan.
Around that time, they also
launched All Children Matter, a political action committee that sought
to champion school choice, targeting
anti-voucher lawmakers who chaired
committees in states that have since
become friendlier to school choice,
such as Arizona.
All Children Matter didn't always
stick to education. At times, it would
tie candidates it wanted to defeat to
other issues, such as immigration or
same-sex marriage.
The DeVoses were able to furtherbroaden school choice in Michigan,
winning passage of legislation in 2011
backed by GLEP that lifted the cap
on charter schools and created a pilot

program for online charter schools.
And in 2016, GLEP helped beat back
a move to put in place a new office to
beef up oversight of some charter and
regular public schools in Detroit, as
part of a rescue package for the financially strapped district.
Michigan's charter schools, a majority of which are run by for-profit organizations, have a mixed record.
A 2013 national study of charter
school performance from Stanford
University's Center for Educational
Outcomes found that Michigan
charter school students gained an
average of 43 days in reading and
math compared to their district
school counterparts.
But, a 2014 investigation by the

Detroit Free Press came to a different conclusion, finding that regular
public schools perform slightly better
than charters when student poverty
is taken into account. And the newspaper's investigation found that it's
extraordinarily difficult to close lowperforming charters in Michigan.
Critics of Michigan's charter school
law say its patchwork of authorizers is
chaotic and leads to poor-quality charter schools. In 2015, the federal Education Department cited Michigan's lack
of oversight of its authorizers when it
denied the state a $45 million grant
request through the federal Charter
Schools Program.
So will DeVos try to bring Michiganstyle school choice to Washington?

That's unclear, said West, of Harvard.
"The big question for anyone moving from state to federal is whether
they want to pursue a 50-state solution" or just cheerlead for their favorite policy prescriptions, said West,
who was generally critical of Trump
during the campaign. West isn't sure
yet which course of action DeVos will
take, but he pointed out that she has
invested most of her advocacy money
and muscle so far at the state level.
"That makes me think she does
realize that's where the action is,"
he said.
Staff Writers Corey Mitchell and Arianna
Prothero and Assistant Editor Andrew
Ujifusa contributed to this article.

Get a sneak peek at the new
Leaders for our 2017 season

CLYDE McBRIDE
Director of Career and Technical Education
Kayenta Unified School District
Kayenta, Ariz.

LIVE EVENT
MARCH 30-31, 2017
WASHINGTON, D.C.

Register to Attend!
leaders.edweek.org

Clyde McBride, the director of career and
technical education in Kayenta, Ariz., runs a
powerhouse pre-veterinary-sciences program
that gives Navajo students hands-on experience
that propels them to college, prepares them for
the workforce, and puts them at the center
of supporting their communities.

EDUCATION WEEK | December 14, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 17


http://leaders.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - December 14, 2016

Education Week - December 14, 2016
State-Level Showdowns Over ESSA
School Choice Is A Primary Focus For Ed. Sec. Pick
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Media Literacy Vs. Bogus News
States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
College Board Eases Access To Supports
Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
New Help for States Focused On Bolstering Schools
Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
TIFFANY ANDERSON: What Trauma-Informed Leadership Looks Like
BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - States Aim to Bolster School Counselors’ Thinning Ranks
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Debate Renews Over Seat Belts In Buses After Deadly Crash
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17 Teacher-Prep Programs Meet New Accreditation Bar
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science GapsSNAPSHOT: TIMSS/PISA Results Highlight Global Math And Science Gaps
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - College Board Eases Access To Supports
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Students Interact With Scientists At ‘Teen Science Cafes’
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Congress Faces Range of Education Issues in Upcoming Session
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Final ESSA Rules Flesh Out Details on School Accountability, Testing
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TERRY B. GRIER: A Superintendent Tackles Student Stress
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - BRUCE D. PERRY: The Brain Science Behind Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - ALI SMITH: After-School Student Wellness
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - School Leadership in the Wake of a Natural Disaster HEIDI DURHAM: Healing Through Creative Expression TRACY FRANKE: A School Shaped by Trauma
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 25
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 27
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - 28
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - CT4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S1
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S2
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S4
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S5
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S6
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S7
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S8
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S9
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S10
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S11
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S12
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S13
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S14
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S15
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S16
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S17
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S18
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S19
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S20
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S21
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S22
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S23
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - S24
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover3
Education Week - December 14, 2016 - SCover4
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