Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 15


A Bipartisan Issue?
But while Trump's support may lead
to major investments in school choice,
some of his other policies, such as a nationwide stop and frisk program, and his
comments on ethnic and religious minorities, could also poison the idea among key
groups of charter school supporters and
some Democrats.
This is an especially sensitive issue for
charter school advocates, who carefully
guard the movement's status as a bipartisan issue.
"I think it feeds a narrative that choice

that could come from the tax cuts
that would increase family incomes overall.

Federal Programs
The U.S. Department of Education's
Office of Early Learning: In 2011, the
Education Department created an
office of early learning, and a new
administration would have to decide whether to maintain that function. The office counts as achievements the $1 billion invested in
Race to the Top Early Learning
Challenge grants, which helped 20
states establish more high-quality
child-care programs and get more
vulnerable children into that care.
The department has also funded a

"

The federal role is one
of partner. There is
some accountability
around quality, but
[federal officials are]
not in the driver's
seat."
KRIS PERRY
Executive Director, First Five Years Fund

grant program for kindergartenentry assessments, which teachers
use to help guide their instruction
for children just starting school.
The separate Preschool Development Grant program has provided
$750 million to 18 states to help them

is about privatization and conservative
values," said Robin Lake, the director of
the Center on Reinventing Public Education at the University of Washington.
She's concerned that while promoting
his school choice plan, Trump was too
harsh in describing traditional schools in
urban districts.
"The support for charter schools relies on bipartisan support especially in
big cities where choice is probably most
needed," Lake said "The people we work
with are always treading a careful political and rhetorical line."
It's an issue charter advocates have had
to wrestle with a lot lately, as the sector
has taken some hard political hits.
In October, the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People
officially called for a ban on new charter
schools, citing concerns over segregation
and discipline policies. The Movement for
Black Lives adopted a similar stance.
In the Democratic-heavy state of Massachusetts, voters there soundly defeated
a ballot measure that would have lifted
the cap on the number of charter schools
allowed to open up in the state.
It was considered a big win for the teachers' unions, which spent significantly less
than charter school advocates on campaigning and fought the effort largely
on the claims that charter schools take
resources away from district schools and
don't serve students with disabilities.

start up or expand their preschool offerings. And the office has also set
up an interagency partnership with
the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services to coordinate efforts
for children. (Head Start, to give one
example, is a federal preschool program housed at HHS.)
Home Visiting: The Affordable
Care Act of 2010 created the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood
Home Visiting Program, funded
at $1.5 billion over five years.
The federal block grant provided
money to states to start or expand
programs that allow trained professionals to work directly with
vulnerable families in the family's
own home, on a voluntary basis.
In fiscal 2015, the program served
more than 145,000 families in all
50 states.
In 2015, the program received an
extra $800 million over two years as
an addition to a bill that overhauled
the payment system for doctors who
see Medicare patients. Congress
will determine if federal funding for
home visiting continues.
Diedra Henry-Spires, the chief
executive officer of an early-childhood-advocacy organization called
the Dalton Daley Group, said that
home-visiting supporters would
like to see home visiting funded for
five years, gradually increasing to
$800 million annually.
Home visiting has also found
bipartisan support, she noted.
For example, Kentucky's Health
Access Nurturing Development
Services, or HANDS, works with
first-time parents and has reduced
infant-mortality rates and rates of
child neglect among the program's
participants.
Preschool Development Grants: The
Every Student Succeeds Act pre-

serves the Preschool Development
Grant program, which has been authorized for $250 million, but funding is at the discretion of Congress.
The new program, rather than
being overseen by the Education
Department alone, would be jointly
administered by HHS and the
Education Department. However,
the new program limits the federal
government's role in making rules
that states must follow in order to
get the money. For example, the
federal government cannot tell
states to run full-day programs, to
use certain metrics to evaluate effectiveness, or to hire only teachers
with at least a bachelor's degree.
Head Start: An overhaul of Head
Start's performance standards
finalized in September says that
all classes for 4-year-olds must
operate at least 1,020 hours a
year by August 2021. That, and
other regulatory changes, would
require another $1 billion be
added to Head Start's $8.6 billion
budget. The standards, however,
allow HHS to change these requirements if there's no increase
in funding.
Laura Bornfreund, the director
of early and elementary education
policy with New America, a nonpartisan Washington think tank,
believes that Head Start won't see
more money from the new Congress. She also said that it's an
open question as to how much attention will be paid to those new
standards overall.
"Something important to remember is that regulations are only as
good as how they are enforced,"
Bornfreund said. "Are programs
going to be held accountable to
some of the new things in the regulations, or not?"

Evan Vucci/AP

water Institute, a right-leaning think
tank, is one.
Although he's pleased with the people
Trump has working on education policy
so far, Butcher warns that federal investment on the scale that the president-elect
has proposed would bring federal bureaucracy.
"When you're talking about parental options in the states, every state is different,
they have different needs, they have different provisions in their constitution[s]
that determine how school choice programs have to be structured, and they'll
have different kinds of opposition," he
said. "That's a state concern and a state
project. When Washington does it, they
have trouble not painting with a broad
brush."

President-elect Donald Trump arrives at an election night rally with his son
Barron and wife Melania, in New York. Trump says he will move to the White
House, but his wife and son will follow him at the end of the school year.

For First Family,
Decision Ahead
Over Schooling
By Julie Depenbrock
Where a president's children attend
school-public or private-has long
been a topic of high interest. That's
no less the case for Barron Trump,
the 10-year-old son of President-elect
Donald Trump.
In Manhattan, Barron attends
the private, coeducational Columbia
Grammar and Preparatory School,
where he will stay put until the end
of the school year, the Associated
Press reported.
If Barron does come to Washington, his schooling is likely to be more
of a personal decision on the part of
the family than a political one. The
president-elect attended private
schools himself, as did his now-adult
children.
"Just because Barron Trump is
a high-profile first kid, he's still entitled to find the educational venue-
whether it's public or private or New
York or Washington-that is the
right one for him," said Steven Roy
Goodman, an educational consultant
in the Washington area.
Goodman said it's important to remember: Barron is still a 10-year-old.
"He has the right to focus on his
math homework or his English homework, or whether or not he wants to
play football or soccer, or if he's interested in American history or playing chess or any other activity," said
Goodman.
Goodman thinks the family's decision, more than anything else, comes
down to what's best for the child.
"Besides the Secret Service and
the security, I think the first order
of business is to find the right educational environment that's going to
help him grow as a student," Goodman said.

First Family's Choice
The last time a "first kid" went
to public school was during Jimmy
Carter's presidency, from 1977 to
1981. Carter sent his daughter,
Amy, to Thaddeus Stevens Elementary School and later Hardy Middle
School, both in the District of Columbia and with primarily African-American student enrollments.
President Carter would ask his
daughter questions, according to The
Baltimore Sun:

"What would improve the lunch
program? How could we help the
children who could not speak English? Were the students being immunized against contagious diseases?
What was being done to challenge the
bright students in the class or to give
extra help to the slow ones?"
Since then, presidents with schoolage children have chosen to go private. Chelsea Clinton and Malia
and Sasha Obama have all attended
Sidwell Friends, a highly selective, coeducational Quaker school that has
its lower school in Bethesda, Md.,
and its middle and upper schools in
Washington. The tuition at Sidwell is
about $40,000 a year.
Catherine Cushinberry, the executive director of Parents for Public
Schools, believes presidents choosing
public school for their children can
send a strong message.
"I think that policies are more impactful when you've lived them and
have been impacted by them," Cushinberry said.
"However, I also think that when
you don't have children in public
schools, it can be very difficult for
you-whether you're the president or
not-to understand the unique needs
of public schools and to know how
your time and resources could help
strengthen public schools," Cushinberry said. "When you're not there,
I think it has a way of coloring your
perspective about what most families
deal with."

Facing the Spotlight
The new age of social media could
make it harder for Trump's youngest
son to elude the spotlight.
"When you hold public office, it is
often difficult for the public to recognize where the line should be drawn
in terms of your private life and your
private decisions," Cushinberry said.
Leigh Ann Cahill, director of Independent School Options, an educational consulting group based in
Alexandria, Va., said the most important factor would be Barron's learning needs.
"I hope wherever he goes, they see
him for who he is-not who his father
is," Cahill said.
The good news for the first kid?
He's coming to the right place for
variety.
"We have schools that are phenomenal for everyone. We have quirky,
funky schools. We have schools for
special needs. We have all-boys
schools. We have STEM," Cahill said,
referring to science, technology, engineering, and math. "We have it all."

The Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation supports coverage of policy, government and politics, and systems leadership in Education Week and on edweek.org. The Broad Foundations were established by entrepreneur and
philanthropist Eli Broad to advance entrepreneurship for the public good in education, science, and the arts. Education Week retains sole editorial control over the content of this coverage.


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 30, 2016

Education Week - November 30, 2016
States Eye Control Of Policy Levers
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Warning Sounded on Tech Disrupting Student Sleep
Anxiety on Civil Rights Enforcement
ACT to Offer ELL Students Extra Time for Testing
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Group Urges Higher Standards in Teacher-Prep Admissions
Many Students ‘Stop Out’ of High School, Studies Show
Ayat’s Story, Part II: Living a College Dream
SNAPSHOT: A Divisive Presidential Election Spills Into Schools
Will a President Trump Boost Or Undermine School Choice?
Firm Path on Early Ed. Yet to Emerge
For First Family, Decision Ahead Over Schooling
K-12 Braces for Trump’s Immigration Stance
King Calls for End to Corporal Punishment in Schools
STATE NEWS ROUNDUP: N.J. Proposal Would Boost Superintendents’ Pay Cap Texas Curbs Spec. Ed. Enrollment Benchmark High Court Denies Case on Science Standards
LAURA PERILLE: A Model for Revitalizing Arts Education
ROXANNE DUNBAR-ORTIZ: On Not Erasing the Native American
LUCAS JACOB: Challenge Hatred
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
EVON PETER: Indigenizing Education in The Arctic
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - ACT to Offer ELL Students Extra Time for Testing
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 2
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 3
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Group Urges Higher Standards in Teacher-Prep Admissions
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Many Students ‘Stop Out’ of High School, Studies Show
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Ayat’s Story, Part II: Living a College Dream
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 9
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 10
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 11
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 12
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: A Divisive Presidential Election Spills Into Schools
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Firm Path on Early Ed. Yet to Emerge
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - For First Family, Decision Ahead Over Schooling
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - K-12 Braces for Trump’s Immigration Stance
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 17
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 18
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 19
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 20
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - STATE NEWS ROUNDUP: N.J. Proposal Would Boost Superintendents’ Pay Cap Texas Curbs Spec. Ed. Enrollment Benchmark High Court Denies Case on Science Standards
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - ROXANNE DUNBAR-ORTIZ: On Not Erasing the Native American
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - LUCAS JACOB: Challenge Hatred
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 25
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - 27
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - EVON PETER: Indigenizing Education in The Arctic
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - CW1
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - CW2
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - CW3
Education Week - November 30, 2016 - CW4
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