Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 6

Q&A

With Allegany County, Md., schools
Superintendent DAVID COX

Opioid's Impact
Hits Schools Hard
David Cox is the superintendent
in Allegany County in western
Maryland. For the past five years,
Cox and his staff have been
responding to an opioid epidemic
that has ravaged
their community,
leaving in its
wake orphaned
children and
others facing
emotional
trauma. "We have kids who
have lost their parents, and,
unfortunately, there have been
situations where the parents
have overdosed with the kids
watching," he said.
Cox testified before Congress
this month, and spoke to
Education Week's Denisa R.
Superville about what his district
of 74,000 students needs to deal
with the crisis. The conversation
has been edited for clarity and
length.

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When did you first start noticing the impacts of the opioid
epidemic in Allegany County Schools?
COX: About five years ago, our principals started talking to me about
their concerns with attendance. We've had, historically, a very high
elementary attendance rate-something like 96 or 97 percent. The
number of kids who began to develop more chronic absenteeism was
one of the first signs. We have positions that are called PPW-Pupil
Personnel Workers-who work with the schools and with the counselors
and make home visits whenever there are attendance issues.
In establishing contacts with some of our families, some of the
principals learned that we had an increasing number of parents who
were addicted to opioids and were using opioids. They noticed that
the chronic attendance issues were linked to parents' use of opioids:
parents were not able to get up in the morning and get the kids ready,
to get them on the bus, and to bring them to school.

When you realized that you were dealing with this, what steps
did you take?
COX: We worked closely with a lot of community agencies, and the
department of social services. In some cases, you had social workers who
would work with the families and try to help the parents get help for the
addiction issues. About that time, the sheriff became very involved in doing
community forums and educating the general population about what
addiction is. It's one of the things that I think people did not understand.

Has the problem escalated?
COX: It has. Just the sheer number of overdoses in the county, and
overdose deaths. The other thing that began to impact our kids severely
was the number of parents who had actually died due to overdoses. In
many cases, because of that, [children] have to live with somebody else,
and in many cases that's with grandparents. [W]e have an elementaryage student who is being raised by an 85-year-old great-grandmother.
In many cases, they were living with just one parent, not with two
parents. A lot of kids are in the foster system. And that means in some
cases they had to change schools.
Our counselors do a really great job of making kids feel welcome
when they transfer schools. I would say a big shout out to our teachers,
who are just very empathetic to our very young children. I don't mean
to say, though, that it's not impactful on older children, because any
time a student loses a parent or has these family issues it's impactful.

Were teachers and principals ready or equipped to deal with
the impacts of the opioid epidemic?
COX: Teachers have asked for additional training around the whole
opioid issue, dealing with kids [who are impacted]. Another thing
they specifically have asked about is help in dealing with some of the

behavioral issues with young children. About 18 percent of all the children
born in the county hospital are born drug-affected, and that does not
include the number of kids who may have also been affected by prenatal
alcohol exposure. Sometimes it's both. Those kinds of issues create lifetime
problems for kids, and we have seen a huge increase in children who come
to us in preschool, who have very severe behavioral issues. I have only one
behavioral specialist for 13 elementary schools. That's one of the needs
that we have-people who have expertise in helping to develop behavioral
plans for children to be successful.

You've also said that special education placements have
increased.
COX: It's also increased the services we need to deliver to kids under IDEA.
We have more kids, as a result, with [individualized education plans].

You talked about the flexibility in funding. In what other areas
do you need assistance on the federal level?
COX: We need more funding. Yes, we need the flexibility [in federal Title
IV funds which can be spent on a range of academic supports], but we
also need more funding. Special ed., or IDEA, is not fully funded by the
government. But the number of children who require special services is
increasing as a result of this. I am very concerned about the Children's
Health Insurance Program, or CHIP. Congress has not yet reauthorized
it. That has historically been a bipartisan effort to provide health
insurance for our poorest children in my district. And, certainly, any
cuts to Medicaid would be further devastating.

President Trump recently declared the opioid epidemic a
public health crisis. Are you optimistic that this declaration
will lead to more resources?
COX: I am very happy that President Trump has declared [the opioid
epidemic] a national public health crisis. But I think we need to have
some response in terms of additional funding to help us take care of it.
This is happening at a time when the bar has been raised in terms of
more rigorous curriculum and more rigorous assessments, and then
we also have these issues [like the opioid epidemic] that affect a good
number of our students.
It puts a lot of pressure on our teachers. In our county, we have
experienced local funding cuts, that's resulted in larger class sizes.
So teachers have more kids in the class, with more needs. But they
work really hard.
The good news is that if you walk into a school, every one of my
principals can say, "You see that kid over there, when he or she first
came, they didn't speak or they couldn't sit still." And they would tell
me about the successes that they have had that day, and overtime,
that [the student has] been in the school. So if we can get kids in
and get them a program, they can learn.

district approaches to raising
district approaches to raising
math achievement through
math achievement through
data-Informed Learning
data-Informed Learning
In this webinar, Lynn Simmers, assistant
superintendent,
Southwest
Allen
County
In this webinar, Lynn
Simmers,
assistant
School
District, and
Dr. Tim Allen
Hudson,
senior
superintendent,
Southwest
County
vice
president
learning,
School
District,ofand
Dr. TimDreamBox
Hudson, senior
Learning,
will
share
strategies
to help
vice president of learning, DreamBox
your
district
create
a
path
to
success
Learning, will share strategies to help
for
learners
usingadata-informed,
youralldistrict
create
path to success
personalized
learning
approaches.
for all learners using data-informed,
personalized learning approaches.

guests
*	 TIm HuDSon, senior vice president
guests
of learning, DreamBox Learning
*	 TIm HuDSon, senior vice president
*	 Lynn SImmerS, assistant superintendent,
of learning, DreamBox Learning
Southwest Allen County School District
*	 Lynn SImmerS, assistant superintendent,
Southwest Allen County School District
Moderator
*	 KATe HoDgInS, senior product
Moderator
marketing manager, DreamBox Learning
*	 KATe HoDgInS, senior product
marketing manager, DreamBox Learning

free Webinar
content
provided by
content
provided by

6 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 29, 2017 | www.edweek.org

Wednesday,
december 6, 2017
free Webinar
2
to 3 p.m. etdecember 6, 2017
Wednesday,
www.edweek.org/go/webinar/
2 to 3 p.m. et
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 29, 2017

Education Week - November 29, 2017
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Schools Struggle With Hacking, Other Cyber Threats
Schools Not Immune From Harassment
Common Core Lives On When States Revise Their Standards, Study Says
Report Roundup
News in Brief
Opioid’s Impact Hits Schools Hard
How Mixed-Gender Classes Might Help Boys Improve Reading Skills
Happy Birthday, NCES! Agency Turns 150
New Analyses Boost Claims of Lasting Benefits From Pre-K
Motion on Tax Plans With Effects on K-12
Democrats Grill Ed. Dept. Nominees on School Choice Priorities
DeVos on Workforce Readiness, Alternatives to College
DEB HARDING: What Time Out of the Classroom Taught Me About STEM
JENNY FROEHLE: We Made This Too Hard
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
LEE PAIVA: Sexual Assault Prevention Needs to Start Early
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - Common Core Lives On When States Revise Their Standards, Study Says
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 2
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 3
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 5
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - Opioid’s Impact Hits Schools Hard
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - How Mixed-Gender Classes Might Help Boys Improve Reading Skills
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - Happy Birthday, NCES! Agency Turns 150
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - New Analyses Boost Claims of Lasting Benefits From Pre-K
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 10
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 11
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 12
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 13
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 14
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - Democrats Grill Ed. Dept. Nominees on School Choice Priorities
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - DeVos on Workforce Readiness, Alternatives to College
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 17
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - JENNY FROEHLE: We Made This Too Hard
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 20
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 22
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 23
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - LEE PAIVA: Sexual Assault Prevention Needs to Start Early
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - CW4
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - SCover1
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - SCover2
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S1
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S2
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S3
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S4
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S5
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S6
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S7
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S8
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S9
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S10
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S11
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S12
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S13
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S14
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S15
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - S16
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - SCover3
Education Week - November 29, 2017 - SCover4
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