Education Week - November 29, 2017 - 4
NEWS IN BRIEF
FCC Plans to Weaken 'Net Neutrality'
Provisions, Raising Questions for K-12
Geneva Heffernan/The Philadelphia Inquirer via AP
The Federal Communications Commission has
issued a proposal to overturn "net neutrality," in
a decision that would have potential implications
for schools and education technology companies.
Net neutrality is the principle that all web content
be treated equally by Internet service providers-
rather than allowing them to deliver some materials
at faster speeds, while slowing other content.
In 2015, the FCC's then-Democratic majority approved policies to protect net neutrality. But current
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, a Republican appointed
by President Trump, last week circulated an order
to curtail those rules, which he called a "failed approach" to regulation. He said the Republican-led
commission would vote on his plan Dec. 14.
Some K-12 officials and ed-tech companies worry
that online content delivered to schools could be
throttled, if other industries were able to pay to
have different content delivered more quickly.
Teacher Salaries, Experience Down
Since Wis. Curbed Collective Bargaining
Teachers in Wisconsin are earning less money
and exiting the profession at higher rates than
they were before the state restricted unions' collective-bargaining rights, concludes a study from the
Center for American Progress.
The report from the think tank finds that median
salaries and benefits for teachers fell 12.6 percent,
or about $11,000, between the passage of Act 10 in
2011 and the 2015-16 school year.
The rate of teachers leaving the profession also
saw a sharp increase right after Act 10 passed, the
analysis found, going from 6.4 percent in the 200910 school year to 10.5 percent in 2010-11. By 201516, the exit rate was 8.8 percent.
Wisconsin teachers tend to be less experienced
now as well, dropping from 19.6 percent of teachers with fewer than five years of experience to 24.1
percent over five years after the law passed.
The report does not show a definitive causal link
between Act 10 and these changes, plus the state
underwent budget cuts over the same period.
Shakeda Gaines, left,
the president of the
Philadelphia Home and
celebrates with Arlene
Kenpin after the
Commission, which has
for years, voted to
dissolve itself. What
sort of local control
follows after 16 years
in state hands has yet
to be decided.
S.C. Supreme Court Dismisses Lawsuit
Alleging Inequity in School Funding
After 24 years of court battles, a landmark
school equity lawsuit aimed at improving education opportunities in South Carolina's poorest,
rural schools has been dismissed.
The state's supreme court closed the case in a
3-2 order, praising state lawmakers for responding in "good faith" to the court's 2014 mandate
to find ways to fix South Carolina's failing public schools. State House leaders, who asked the
court to dismiss them from the case. More than
30 poor, rural school districts sued the state in
1993, arguing they did not have the money or
resources to provide children with a quality education.
Writing for the majority in the Nov. 17 order,
Justice John Kittridge said the court did not
have the authority to supervise the legislative
process, calling the 2014 decision a "gross overreach of judicial power."
Chief Justice Donald Beatty, one of two dissenters, wrote that the court had "lost the will to
do even the minimal amount necessary to avoid
becoming complicit actors in the deprivation of
a minimally adequate education to South Carolina's children."
-TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE
Washington State High Court Keeps
Legislature in Contempt Over Aid
Although state lawmakers have made progress in
a multiyear effort to fully fund basic education, the
Washington Supreme Court has ruled that they are
not on track to meet next year's deadline and will
remain in contempt of court.
The high court unanimously ruled this month
that it will retain jurisdiction in the case and gave
lawmakers another legislative session to get the
work done, ordering them to present a report by
April 9 detailing the state's progress. The justices
said that while a plan passed by the legislature this
past year was in compliance, the time frame for full
funding was not.
Lawmakers needed a funded plan in place ahead
of a Sept. 1, 2018, deadline. The legislature went
into overtime sessions this year in order to approve
a plan to increase K-12 funding that allocates billions in new spending over the next four years. The
biggest piece of the court order that the legislature
At least 700,000 adolescents between ages 13 and 17 experience homelessness
in a given year, according to a study from Chapin Hall, an independent research
and policy center at the University of Chicago. Among younger teenagers, rates of
homelessness are about the same in urban and rural areas.
SOURCE: Chapin Hall
4 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 29, 2017 | www.edweek.org
"The Effects of the Initial English Language
Learner Classification on Students' Later
"How Common Are Nonstandard Work
Schedules Among Low-Income Hispanic Parents
of Young Children?"
Designating early-elementary students who
are close to being proficient in English as
English-language learners can have "significant and positive effects on [their] academic
achievement," a new study concludes.
The National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing at the
University of California, Los Angeles, analyzed
differences between ELLs and those considered
barely English-proficient on state mathematics and language arts exams and grades from
kindergarten through 10th grade.
ELLs performed better on state tests in the
early-elementary grades, but their advantage
shrank as all the students reached middle and
high school-and as most ELLs were reclassified as proficient.
Families may be less likely to take advantage
of early-childhood education programs if they
work nonstandard hours, finds a new report
from the National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families.
The center found that among low-income,
two-parent Hispanic and black families, 70 percent of parents work a combination of standard
and nonstandard hours. Among low-income,
two-parent white families, that number jumps
to 73 percent. The report defined nonstandard
hours as those outside of 8 a.m. and 6 p.m.
Monday through Friday.
The center also found early-education centers that primarily serve Hispanic children are
less likely to offer full-time hours, eight hours
of care Monday through Friday. -MARVA HINTON