Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 8

How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working
During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
Most U.S. school districts are currently using
" hybrid learning " -a mix of in-person and online
instruction. The precise nature of that mix, though,
varies greatly from school to school, based on
factors including the local rate of COVID-19
transmission, the availability of funds to support
new instructional approaches, and the willingness
of students and staff to return to buildings.
Many students chose to learn entirely in-person
or entirely online this school year. Others are
spending a couple days a week in person and the
rest at home. Some schools have set aside the bulk
of slots for in-person instruction for vulnerable
groups like students with special needs, Englishlanguage learners, and students experiencing
homelessness.
These approaches aren't static. Increases in
COVID-19 spread have forced some schools in
hybrid mode to revert back to full-time remote
learning, while others started out fully remote
and are now slowly transitioning more students to
some in-person instruction.
Close to two-thirds of district leaders said
their school systems are doing hybrid learning,
according to an Education Week Research Center
survey last month.
As with almost everything schools are doing
during the pandemic, hybrid learning has
inspired a wide range of reactions. Many parents
and students are grateful schools are finding
creative ways to bring their children back to
school buildings while taking precautions against
COVID-19. Others have protested schools'
reluctance to fully resume in-person instruction
or expressed confusion over complex school
plans that seem to be constantly changing.
Some teachers find the new demands of hybrid
instruction overwhelming, while others are more
eager to adapt.
" Hybrid learning can be a best of both
worlds, or a worst of both worlds reality, " said
Bree Dusseault, practitioner-in-residence at
the University of Washington's Center for
Reinventing Public Education, which has been
surveying schools throughout the pandemic.
In the best-case scenario, schools can keep
students and staff safe while providing them with
valuable in-person instruction that gives them
the tools to do meaningful schoolwork at home.
At worst, teachers are forced to cut corners on
instruction, schools struggle to transition students
seamlessly from in-person to remote and vice
versa, and students who are learning at home get
left behind compared with students who choose
to spend at least some time in person.
That last possibility threatens to further widen
equity gaps along racial lines. In an EdWeek
survey this fall, Latino, Black, and Asian parents
were more likely than white parents to report
their children would engage in full-time remote
learning.
Pulling off an instructional approach that's
completely new to most U.S. schools during a
pandemic is no easy feat, either. The challenges
partially come from a lack of adequate resources:
Congress has yet to follow through on plans for a
second multi-billion-dollar stimulus package for
education, and school budgets are increasingly
stretched thin as the pandemic takes a toll on
state and local finances.
At Scofield Magnet Middle School in Stamford,
Conn., students have chosen either full-time
remote learning or a hybrid model with in-person
classes a few days a week and remote instruction

Jacquelyn Martin/AP

By Mark Lieberman

A student at The Social Justice Public Charter
School in Washington answers a question during
an English language arts class. Although some
students are attending classes in the school
building, others are still learning virtually.

for the rest. Teachers are not live-streaming
classwork to any students who are learning
at home. Placing cameras in classrooms was
difficult, and connectivity issues were common
for the school's students, half of whom are eligible
for free and reduced-price meals.
" If you have two or three kids in a home and
you have them all logged in live-streaming all day,
that's going to eat up your data pretty quick, " said
Scott Clayton, the school's principal.
The trickiest part, according to Clayton, has
been getting students to complete assignments
at home, where they might have other
responsibilities like child care or a part-time job.
Many schools also have struggled to balance
investments in personal protective equipment
and other safety precautions for in-person
instruction with the technology and professional
development necessary to reach students who will
be learning at home part- or full-time, Dusseault
said.
She recommends schools actively survey
parents and students, and try to structure
classes to make the most of students' time
either in person or at home, in whatever hybrid
configuration they choose.
" They have to be putting resources into
everything that it takes to result in a quality
classroom experience: the materials, the training,
the curriculum, " she said. (For more on how to
do this work, see guides on EdWeek.org about
how to balance in-person and remote instruction
and pivoting back to full-time remote learning if
necessary.)
The ongoing chaos of the pandemic sometimes
obscures the lessons schools are learning and the
strategies they're employing to overcome steep
challenges. Education Week talked to educators
from school districts across the country about
how they developed their hybrid learning models,
how they're working so far, and what they have
planned for the months ahead. Here is a look
at hybrid models in six school districts and the
challenges of making those approaches work.

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 25, 2020 | www.edweek.org

CASE STUDIES
Victoria Independent School District, Texas
Enrollment: 14,000
The Model: Students chose at the beginning of the year from two options: Attend

school in person five days a week, or attend school virtually five days a week.
Teachers' classes are a mix of in-person and virtual students.
The Challenges: Jennifer Atkins, a 7th grade English teacher at Howell Middle
School, typically enjoys walking around her classroom to engage students. Social
distancing and masks make that teaching style virtually impossible.
She's also had to deal with the ongoing evolution of the composition of her classes.
When school started, roughly half her students were online. But as parents have
grown more comfortable with sending students back to school, that proportion has
shifted-roughly 90 of her students attend in person, and 50 are at home.
" I have the same kids, the same roster, but now I've got a new group that's coming
face to face that I haven't met in person, " Atkins said. " They have been away from
some of their friends for so long. It's interesting to see how the class dynamic
changes. "
Atkins posts textbook PDFs online because some students don't have the book at
home, even though the school set up times for parents to pick up the books. Grading
takes longer because she has to look at some hard copies and then log in online for
the rest.
Howell students aren't required to keep their cameras on during videoconference
instruction, so Atkins worries that some students may have logged in at the
beginning but aren't actually paying attention. " Without being here and constantly
reminded to stay on task, it is probably enticing to log into the meeting and then just
walk away, " she said.
ÀǘƵ ƵȁƵ˛ɈȺ‫ب‬Atkins has been able to use technology tools to keep better track
of which students are struggling. If they don't open an assignment, for instance,
" something's got to be wrong, " and she has a tangible record of the student's
progress, she said.
Hybrid learning has also forced her to consider more innovative use of technology
in her teaching. A handful of teachers were offered interactive whiteboards that
students can access from their desks, and Atkins accepted. Prior to COVID-19, she
might have resisted a big change like this because she saw it as unnecessary, but the
rising use of technology as a teaching tool has made her think differently.
A Small Victory: To help students at home hear her voice better through the mask,

Atkins logs into the virtual meeting on her laptop and her smartphone, and talks
into the microphone on her phone, addressing the remote and in-person students
simultaneously, while using a clicker to scroll through PowerPoint slides on the
computer.


http://www.EdWeek.org http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 25, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 25, 2020

Education Week - November 25, 2020
Briefly Stated
Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
What the Research Says
Pandemic Is a Workers’ Rights Issue For Schools
How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
How to Support Your Grieving Students
23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Education Week - November 25, 2020
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 6
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 9
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 17
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How to Support Your Grieving Students
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 20
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 21
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 22
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
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