Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 2

Mental-Health Crises
Of Children Skyrocket,
CDC Data Show

Familiar Quarters

Carolyn Kaster/AP

Teachers and parents can now say, " I told you so, "
even though they undoubtedly wish it weren't true.
New federal data reveal the pandemic is taking a striking toll on children's mental health.
Those data, from the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention show the proportion of emergencydepartment visits related to mental-health crises has
increased dramatically for the young since the pandemic started.
From March through October, the share of mentalhealth-related hospital emergency-department visits
rose 24 percent for children ages 5-11 and 31 percent
among adolescents ages 12-17, when compared with
the same period in 2019.
While the CDC does not record whether a patient
reported a mental-health emergency as a result of a
disaster, all the mental-health emergencies included
stress, anxiety, acute post-traumatic stress disorder,
or panic. The share of mental-health visits for every
100,000 pediatric hospital emergency visits each
week rose steadily beginning about three months into
the pandemic.
CDC analysts noted that the findings " likely underestimate the total number of mental-health-related
health-care visits, " because they did not include urgent mental-health visits in schools or nonemergencydepartment settings. Federal researchers also noted
that girls were significantly more likely to have mental-health emergencies than boys, though the number
increased for both genders.
The combination of disrupted routines, fear of sickness or family loss, and economic and housing mobility all have proved to be significant stressors for adults
as well as children. But developmentally, the social
isolation caused by repeated and sudden quarantines
and widespread social inequities may prove the heaviest burdens for young and older adolescents, who are
going through a period of growth in social learning
now thought to be as intense as the cognitive growth
seen in toddlers.
" We don't know exactly what this pandemic is going
to do to kids because it's unprecedented, " said Deanna
Barch, a professor and chair of the department of
psychological and brain sciences at Washington University. " But I think the things that are emerging are
mostly around social isolation, and that's contributing
to kids feeling depression and anxiety. "

'One of Your Own in the White House': Jill Biden
To Become Latest First Lady With Teaching on CV
Come January, a teacher will be in the White House-the latest
in a long line of first ladies with classroom experience.
Jill Biden, who holds a doctorate in education, has taught for
more than three decades at a public high school, a psychiatric
hospital for adolescents, and community colleges.
" Teaching isn't just what she does, " President-elect Joe Biden
said in his victory speech on Nov. 7. " It's who she is. For American
educators, this is a great day for you all. You're going to have one
of your own in the White House. "
As first lady, " you can bring attention to all kinds of things that
are important to you, " said Michelle Gullion, the director of collections and research at the National First Ladies' Library, an
Ohio-based nonprofit dedicated to researching and preserving
the contributions of first ladies throughout history. And first ladies have the ear of the president: " You're telling him about your
concerns-those are going to be his concerns, " Gullion said.
Biden will be at least the 10th first lady to have classroom experience, according to the library. The others:
Abigail Fillmore (in the White House from 1850-53) taught

In Era of Coronavirus, Voters Give Thumbs Up
To Bonds for School Technology Expenditures
What fiscal experts have deemed a no-no in the past when it
comes to paying for school technology with bonds seems to have
been swept aside in the age of COVID-19. Voters this month gave
the nod to bonds that will help pay for computing devices and
internet connectivity schools need to continue remote learning
during the pandemic.
Take San Antonio, where voters passed a $1.3 billion initiative
that includes $90 million to help pay for high-speed internet,
student computers, interactive smartboards, and new audio systems. Or Dallas, where voters rejected proposals to issue new
debt to renovate athletic stadiums and performing-arts facilities

yet approved $3.2 billion for school construction and $270 million
in technology upgrades.
School finance experts have long questioned the wisdom of
districts issuing long-term debt to fund the purchase of devices
and other equipment that have a short shelf life.
But Grayson Nichols, a bond analyst at Moody's, said districts have adapted by shortening the repayment term on
debt for school technology to match the life cycle of the technology being bought. And with poor districts poised to lose
millions in state funding because of the coronavirus recession, some see bonds as an appealing option to keep money

for more than a decade.
Lucretia Garfield (1881) taught French, Latin, algebra, reading, and art.
Caroline Harrison (1889-93) taught music, home economics,
and painting in Ohio and Kentucky.
Helen Taft (1909-13) taught kindergarten and French, as well
as teaching at a school for boys in Cincinnati.
Grace Coolidge (1923-29) taught at the Clarke School for the
Deaf in Massachusetts for about three years.
Lou Hoover (1929-33) worked briefly as a substitute teacher.
Eleanor Roosevelt (1933-45) bought and helped run a private
girls' school in New York City.
Patricia Nixon (1969-74) taught typing, bookkeeping, business
principles, and stenography at a high school in California.
Laura Bush (2001-09) taught 2nd grade, then worked as a
school librarian for about five years.
And lest we forget, at least 10 presidents were K-12 teachers, according to the White House Historical Association. Several more
taught at colleges or universities.

flowing for essential needs, especially with interest rates at
historic lows.
Kenneth Thompson, San Antonio's chief information officer,
said the new funding steam will be essential to meet long-term
student needs, as well as continue remote learning through at least
the current school year. " This is going to position us for the remainder of this pandemic, " he said. " But it's also about sustainability. "
Thompson said San Antonio added new audio systems into its
plan to ensure that students following live lessons via their devices at home can hear as their teachers move around the classroom. " The pandemic has brought some additional instructional
components that we had not originally planned for, " he said.
In California, about two-thirds of the 60 bond measures
passed, EdSource says, several with big line items for technology.
Los Angeles' bond issue featured hundreds of millions of dollars
for technology and passed with 71 percent of the vote.

BRIEFLY STATED CONTRIBUTORS: Benjamin Herold, Stephen Sawchuk, Sarah D. Sparks, Mark Walsh, and Madeline Will. Edited by Karen Diegmueller.
2 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 25, 2020 | www.edweek.org

Jill Biden visits the Evan G.
Shortlidge Academy in
Wilmington, Del., during the
2020 presidential campaign.
She will become the first first
lady to continue teaching after
her husband, President-elect
Joe Biden, is sworn into office.


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 25, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 25, 2020

Education Week - November 25, 2020
Briefly Stated
Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
What the Research Says
Pandemic Is a Workers’ Rights Issue For Schools
How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
How to Support Your Grieving Students
23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Education Week - November 25, 2020
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 6
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 9
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 17
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How to Support Your Grieving Students
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 20
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 21
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 22
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
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