Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 18

"

Getty/Tshum

Renewed
calls to
suspend
state
assessments
next spring
seem
premature,
if not wrongheaded.

Let's Get Back to
School-Differently
Needed: smaller classes for the youngest
kids and support for families

T
By Arne Duncan
DUNCAN was the U.S.
secretary of education
from 2009 to 2015 and
is currently a managing
partner with the Emerson
Collective. He is at home
recovering from COVID-19.

he presidential election is over,
and it's time to look ahead to a
Biden-Harris administration.
For education, two expected
areas of focus will be studentdebt relief and expanded early
learning. Both are critically
important, along with reinvigorating the U.S. Department of Education's office for civil rights and
the department's historic role protecting the civil
rights of students.
In addition to boosting K-12 funding targeting low-income children, I am also hopeful that
the new administration takes the opportunity to
rethink how states, districts, and schools hold
themselves accountable for helping children
learn. That's especially important today.
On one level, the pandemic has revealed the
best of America-with millions of front-line workers risking their own lives to protect, heal, and
feed us. On another level, much of America chose
to open bars and restaurants rather than schools-
putting the economic life of adults ahead of the
academic needs of children. The consequences
of this leadership failure will be with us for years
unless we take immediate steps to address it.
We've always recognized the inequities in our
education system, but the pandemic has brought
them into even sharper relief. Remote learning
is a struggle for any student, let alone students in
financially or emotionally unstable households.
Needless to say, it's impossible in homes without
internet access or computers. Low-income
parents are also more likely to have jobs that they
can't do from home and more likely to lose those
jobs-if they haven't lost them already.

18 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 25, 2020 | www.edweek.org

Given all this, how do we hold ourselves accountable-not just in the near term but even beyond? How do we track not just student achievement but student wellness? How do we make sure
students have both the academic skills they need
and the social and emotional capacity to thrive
and succeed?
Let's start by asking what we know and what
we don't know. We know there has been learning
loss, but we don't know how much. Last spring,
the Trump administration waived annual testing
for good reason. It was unclear how to get it done
without increased risk of infection. But renewed
calls to suspend state assessments next spring
seem premature, if not wrongheaded. We should
be able to administer tests safely online, and with
that information in hand, we can start to direct
new federal resources where they're needed
most.
Thankfully, we have a president-elect who
understands the importance of increased federal
funding during a crisis of great magnitude. As
Barack Obama's vice president, Joe Biden worked
with me in 2009 to distribute $100 billion in
stimulus funds for education. Most of that money
went straight to states and districts to help protect
an estimated 325,000 teaching jobs. That again is
an excellent use of taxpayer money.
To make in-person learning safer, districts
could use federal relief funds to shrink class size
and hire more teachers. We know that the youngest students have the hardest time with remote
learning and we also know from research that
they make the most gains in smaller classes-especially if the reduction is really dramatic, say
down from 20 or 25 to 15 students or fewer.

Some schools may not have the space to shrink
class size, but many of the neediest schools, suffering declining attendance, will have the space.
Let's invest in smaller classes for the lower grades
for at least a few years until students catch up. Districts could also put money into a massive tutoring
program that is informed by assessment results.
In a world where remote learning is the new
norm, closing the digital divide isn't merely an
aspiration, it's a necessity. Making sure every single
student is online with an appropriate device is critical. Chicago launched a program providing free
internet to low-income parents as well as Chromebooks and computers. Every district should.
We also know that students rely on schools for
much more than academics. Social and emotional supports are just as vital as classroom
learning. With that in mind, let's give schools
the resources to check up on students, do home
visits when it's safe, and support parents who
may be struggling with their children's remote
learning activities.
We should also be more creative in developing
supplemental-learning programs during afternoons, evenings, and weekends. Kids are starving for activities. They miss sports, arts, music,
and after-school programs. Let's expand these,
whether in person, remote, or a hybrid of the two.
Finally, let's rethink school schedules to give
as many students as possible the year-round
connection with schools they need. The traditional school schedule made little sense before
COVID-19 and makes even less sense now.
Between COVID-19 slide in the spring, summer
slide, and the current difficulties students and
schools are facing, millions of children are falling
behind. Every single day matters.
The outgoing administration isn't big on truth
and transparency, as its reaction to the election
shows. But with Joe Biden headed to the White
House, honest leadership is coming back, and
we have an opportunity to go much deeper and
broader in terms of what we are measuring and
how we are serving children.
Our educational mission as a country remains
what it has long been: extending opportunity to
everyone through education. To do that, we must
know where students are and take responsibility
for ensuring they get what they need.


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 25, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 25, 2020

Education Week - November 25, 2020
Briefly Stated
Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
What the Research Says
Pandemic Is a Workers’ Rights Issue For Schools
How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
How to Support Your Grieving Students
23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Education Week - November 25, 2020
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Training Bias Out of Teachers: Does It Work?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 6
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Hybrid Learning Is (and Is Not) Working During COVID-19: 6 Case Studies
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 9
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - A Highly Effective Vaccine Is Likely on the Way. What Does That Mean for Schools And Kids?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Home Schooling Is Way Up With COVID-19. Will It Last?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Districts Are Retreating to Remote Learning As COVID-19 Surges. Do They Have To?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How Will Schools Pay for Compensatory Services for Special Ed. Students?
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 17
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Let’s Get Back to School—Differently
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - How to Support Your Grieving Students
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 20
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 21
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 22
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - 23 EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - November 25, 2020 - Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. ‘Trust Us’ Isn’t Enough
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