Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 22

Growth in Average Scale Scores
For Science, by Race
group to show no progress from 2009 to 2019 in science at
grades 4, 8, or 12, and 8th graders likewise flatlined on the
Native American and Alaskan Native
students have made no significant gains
in average scores at any grade on the
National Assessment of Educational
Progress in science in the decade from
2009 to 2019, even as some other racial
performance gaps have closed.
GRADE 4
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian/Pacific Islander
Native American/
Alaskan Native
technology and engineering assessments from 2014 to 2018.
* According to the College Board, which oversees the
Advanced Placement program, the number of Native
American students participating in those courses has
declined in comparison with other student groups. The
Education Trust has previously found Native American
students more than 10 percentage points less likely than
those of any other racial group to attend a high school that
offers any AP classes at all, with 1 in 4 having no access to
them.
* And, as of 2019, only 29 percent of Native American
GRADE 8
166
162
160
137
130
127
'09
*Significantly different
(p <.05) from 2019.
SOURCE: U.S.
Department of
Education, Institute
of Education Sciences,
National Center for
Education Statistics,
National Assessment
of Educational Progress
(NAEP), 2009 and 2019
Science Assessments
162
141
138*
129*
'19
138
131
125
'09
Assessment Year
Americans' presence in science, technology, engineering,
and math fields. It's a setback many of these communities
can little afford.
The number of people who reported being Native
American or Alaskan Native jumped from 5.2 million in
the 2010 Census to 9.7 million in the 2020 count, making
up nearly 3 percent of the U.S. population. That includes
those who consider themselves as belonging to one of
the 574 federally recognized tribes, either alone or in
combination with another ethnicity. Nearly 30 percent
of Native Americans and Alaskan Natives are children,
compared with 22 percent of the U.S. population overall
who are younger than 18.
While other groups traditionally underrepresented
in science, such as Black and Hispanic students, have
gained ground in the subject over the last decade, Native
American students struggle:
* On the National Assessment of Educational Progress,
for instance, Native American students were the only ethnic
22 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 24, 2021 | www.edweek.org
161
159
167*
164*
143
140*
132*
'19
12th graders had completed the full complement of biology,
chemistry, and physics courses-the basic groundwork for
science study in college-compared with 41 percent of 12th
graders overall.
Montoya Whiteman, the marketing and outreach director
for the American Indian Science and Engineering Society,
a nonprofit that advocates to increase the pipeline of
Native Americans in science and engineering fields, said
Native American students often attend schools that are
underresourced for STEM instruction and with science
teachers who have not been trained to work with Native
American students.
" I think that the digital divide has always kind of been
there for Indian country and Indian communities; the
pandemic just really kind of exacerbated that situation, " she
said. " A lot of these schools don't have the budget for-and
there's maybe not even awareness of-the types of teaching
tools out there that they can use [for science]. "
In fact, NAEP data also show Native American students
are less likely than other students to experience inquirybased
instruction in science class, which research suggests
is associated with better understanding of scientific process
and concepts. On the most recent assessments, conducted
in 2010, 46 percent of Native American 8th graders could not
perform at the " basic " level in science, and a third did not
meet basic achievement in technology and engineering on
that 2018 assessment. To put this into context, it means that
Native American test-takers struggled to describe a water
cycle or a model of the solar system, to lay out a scientific
experiment or observation, or to evaluate sources of data in
different media.
Stanford University research has shown they also tend to
have fewer educational opportunities in math and reading.
For example, Native American students are nearly three
times less likely to participate in Algebra 1 by 8th grade than
their white peers.
Even in Wyoming, which requires algebra by 8th grade,
Moss-Redman said teachers often end up focusing more
on remedial multiplication and division. " A lot of our
students are interested in STEM careers, but ... they're not
all proficient in mathematics. And when they get into those
upper-level mathematics and science classes, that stops a lot
of them, and they change their direction, " she said.
Outside of tribal schools, Native American students tend
to be minorities within the public schools they attend, even
in schools where there are a majority of students of color.
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 24, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 24, 2021

Education Week - November 24, 2021
6 Challenges for Science Educators
Science Denial In the Classroom: What Causes It? How Should Teachers Respond?
5 Ways to Teach Climate Change, COVID-19 in Polarized Times
Finding Hope In the Face of Climate Change: Why Some Teachers Focus on Solutions
COVID-19 Is a Science Lesson Waiting to Happen
Here’s How to Make Science More Relevant for Students of Color
Catching Up Native American Students In Science
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Education Week - November 24, 2021
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C2
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 1
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 2
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 6 Challenges for Science Educators
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 4
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 5
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Science Denial In the Classroom: What Causes It? How Should Teachers Respond?
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 7
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 8
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 9
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 5 Ways to Teach Climate Change, COVID-19 in Polarized Times
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 11
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 12
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Finding Hope In the Face of Climate Change: Why Some Teachers Focus on Solutions
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 14
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 15
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - COVID-19 Is a Science Lesson Waiting to Happen
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 17
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Here’s How to Make Science More Relevant for Students of Color
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 19
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 20
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Catching Up Native American Students In Science
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 22
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 23
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 24
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C3
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C4
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