Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 12

trusted, Reid said. One way to do so is by teaching
students how to look for the five characteristics of
science denial, known as FLICC: fake experts, logical
fallacies, impossible expectations, cherry picking, and
conspiracy theories.
Last school year, amid rampant misinformation
about the pandemic, Rost and six teachers in other
states designed a unit on media and science literacy
that covered concepts like determining the difference
between correlation and causation, identifying biased
and rhetorical language, and analyzing databases.
For example, Rost provided students with a
scientific study about COVID-19-like transmission
rates in children, viral shedding and mask-wearing,
or air circulation in classrooms-along with a news
article or write-up about the study. The students
evaluated the article to see if it was credible, or if
it made claims unsupported by evidence and used
unwarranted causation language.
2.
Let students evaluate
the evidence on their own.
Once students know how to evaluate scientific
evidence, they can look at the data themselves to
make up their own minds. For example, Rost said she
explains the controversy over what's causing climate
change and asks her students to write an essay
where they have to find evidence and graphs for both
natural and man-made causes of climate change.
" They find it's a lot harder to justify natural climate
change, " she said. " Instead of me shoving it down
their throats, they have to evaluate the evidence and
decide for themselves. They get to come to their own
conclusion about it. "
That has also been her approach to vaccine
lessons: " I just want them to know how to access the
information and know the science behind it, and
[then] they can evaluate things on their own, " she
said.
3.
Be transparent with parents
about what you'll be teaching.
Dale, the former science teacher in Arizona, said
she would tell parents at the beginning of the year
that she'd be teaching evolution-but she would
be doing so from a scientific perspective and not a
religious one. She assured parents that she would
always redirect any religion questions to them.
Dale would also tell parents that climate change
was in the curriculum. Some parents would argue
that she shouldn't be telling students that humans
have caused climate change. In response, Dale would
show them the state standards about climate change
and suggest they reach out to the state board of
education with any concerns.
12 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 24, 2021 | www.edweek.org
" I'm just doing my job at the end of the day, " she
said. " This is a science class, and we're teaching the
science of it. "
And developing relationships with parents will help
build trust and mutual respect, said Danny Woo, a
grades 6-8 science teacher at San Jose Charter Academy
in California. Most of the pushback he recieves comes
from 6th grade parents who don't know him yet, he said.
" People's guards are up on so many issues, " he said.
" They just want to know that their kids aren't being
forced to believe a certain [thing]. "
4.
Be respectful if students
share opposing views.
Dismissing students who disagree about some
of these issues may cause them to shut down, said
Chris Carman, a high school environmental science
teacher in Kent, Ohio. He's had a few students
who've told him they think global warming is a hoax,
and he simply responds with, " I wish it weren't real,
but here's the information we have. "
Sometimes, students may be concerned they're
being told what to think. Last year, Dale had a
student who, during a lesson on man-made climate
change, stood up and told his classmates, " This is
where they start brainwashing us. You need to start
thinking for yourself. "
Dale let him finish. Then, she said, " I appreciate the
fact that you said we need to think critically. You're
absolutely right. " She told him that she would show
him the data and that the class would evaluate the
methodology to decide whether they could trust it.
" I want him to trust me, and if I diminish what he
says or I diminish who he is, ... then he's lost trust in
me, and there's no way he's going to listen to what I
have to teach him, " she said.
5.
Get up to speed on the science.
In surveys, many teachers report that they haven't
had a lot of content training in sensitive topics,
especially climate change, Reid said. The 2016 survey
of middle and high school science teachers found
that fewer than half had any formal coursework-
even just a class lecture-on climate change. And
of those who did not study climate change during
college, only 18 percent received any professional
development on the topic.
" It might be hard to teach something if you're not
totally sure " about the science, Reid said.
After all, teachers say, being transparent and honest
with students about the issues can engender trust.
" Stick to the facts " when teaching about divisive
issues, Carman said. " Don't say anything that you're
not certain about. ... Answer questions honestly with
information that you have. " 
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 24, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 24, 2021

Education Week - November 24, 2021
6 Challenges for Science Educators
Science Denial In the Classroom: What Causes It? How Should Teachers Respond?
5 Ways to Teach Climate Change, COVID-19 in Polarized Times
Finding Hope In the Face of Climate Change: Why Some Teachers Focus on Solutions
COVID-19 Is a Science Lesson Waiting to Happen
Here’s How to Make Science More Relevant for Students of Color
Catching Up Native American Students In Science
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Education Week - November 24, 2021
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C2
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 1
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 2
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 6 Challenges for Science Educators
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 4
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 5
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Science Denial In the Classroom: What Causes It? How Should Teachers Respond?
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 7
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 8
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 9
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 5 Ways to Teach Climate Change, COVID-19 in Polarized Times
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 11
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 12
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Finding Hope In the Face of Climate Change: Why Some Teachers Focus on Solutions
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 14
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 15
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - COVID-19 Is a Science Lesson Waiting to Happen
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 17
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Here’s How to Make Science More Relevant for Students of Color
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 19
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 20
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - Catching Up Native American Students In Science
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 22
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 23
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - 24
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C3
Education Week - November 24, 2021 - C4
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