Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S6

between board and superintendent. And it can initially
result in pushback or even a change in board composition.
It may take deeper culture change to really take root. (Federal Way formally adopted policy governance in 2010 but
did not really adhere to its tenets until 2013, Campbell and
McAnalloy said.) 
But it's a way of life now in Federal Way.
" A good board member knows that they're not looking
at one isolated individual incident or school; they're on
the balcony, looking at the whole district and understanding it's a policy needle they're moving, not a personnel
or a project needle, " Campbell said. " When you're in the
project and people stuff, you're not able to impact a whole
system. "
Many state school boards associations offer training in
the basics of policy governance, as do other nonprofits and
consulting groups. Carver's organization also offers free
resources on the model.
Q: Our board does not represent the demographics of
our community. What do we need to do to shift it? 

A: The district must begin that conversation on its

TIPS FOR NEW
SCHOOL BOARD
MEMBERS

" Do not approach
this position as
a single issue or
personal agenda
position. Your
focus should be
on public policy,
'bigger picture'
issues. Be patient,
rational, and review
research so as to
understand multiple
perspectives. "

own-and engage outside networks to line up
support for people of color who show interest.

Manny Cruz was elected to the Salem, Mass., school
committee in 2017, in a wave that saw four Latino candidates rise to public office in the city. Cruz, a Dominican-American who identifies as Afro-Latino, had ample
training. He'd served in a number of important civic roles,
such as a mentor at LEAP for Education, a college-access
nonprofit, and as the chair of the Massachusetts governor's Statewide Youth Council. At 24, he was able to draw
on those civic experiences-and, crucially, the networks
they created-to bolster his run for committee.
" I think the disadvantage that Latinos, as relatively new immigrants, may face is we don't have the same
built-in political capital and access to fundraising and
volunteers, " said Cruz, who is also the director of advocacy for Latinos for Education, a nonprofit that helps to
develop, place, and connect Latino leaders in charter and
education nonprofit boards in the Boston and Houston ar-

6 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 18, 2020 | www.edweek.org

eas. " The difference in my story was from the time I was a
15-year-old kid at the Boys and Girls Club, I was building
and cultivating political capital and community connections that came back to me. "  
The mismatch between school board and community
demographics has been among the most persistent problems plaguing local governance. Surveys have consistently found that they tend to be more white than the actual
communities they serve-certainly more so than the demographics of the school-age population. 
The average school board is 90 percent white. Meanwhile, new data from the Education Week Research Center
finds that 86 percent of respondents said they had no Latino school board members and 80 percent said they had no
Black members. Fewer than half surveyed said that their
boards reflected the racial makeup of their students " a lot. "
And that means a key perspective is missing.
" Too often, we're making decisions at a board level that
are financial, or about the data and the evidence, and while
you need that, there's also the cultural nuance and the experience of kids and families, " said Amanda Fernández,
the founder and CEO of Latinos for Education.
So what can districts do better? First, begin to set up
the experiences for civic engagement for youths of color
like those that Cruz experienced. Second, Fernández said,
districts need to make an actual commitment to board
diversity: " If you're going to join a board that just doesn't
have that orientation, then you're constantly going to be
fighting the uphill battle of being 'the only voice,' which
is like an extra tax Latino and Black leaders feel like they
have to carry. "  
And finally, districts need to get supports lined up for
those individuals who do decide they're interested in running. Financing is often a critical concern: It costs both
time and money to run for a board, print campaign literature, and assemble volunteers who can knock on doors,
so districts need to help connect interested candidates to
nonprofit organizations that can help.
Plenty of communities lack local organizations that are
well equipped to play those roles. But there are things that
school districts can do nevertheless, Fernández said.
" I think you start by building the awareness in the Latino community about what the role of a board is, what the
opportunity is, and why it's important that there are diverse voices on the board. I wouldn't try to have that conversation myself, " she said. " I would identify an existing
[Latino] board member, even if it's in another town, who
can speak to what the experience is, and the need, and
therefore can create a stronger connection. "  
Parent associations, civically active members of the
community, and Latinos serving in other political roles
who can talk about public service are all sources who can
help to develop those networks.
" You can hold forums on the opportunity, but then you
have to quickly have the supports lined up, " Fernández said. 
Latinos for Education stands to be one of the groups
that can help build more such networks. It's now developing a fellowship specifically aimed at prepping Latinos for elected school board roles. It hopes to roll it out
by late 2021.


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 18, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 18, 2020

Education Week - November 18, 2020
Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
As Election 2020 Grinds On, Young Voters Stay Hooked
Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Briefly Stated
What the Research Says
Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Education Week - November 18, 2020
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - ‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 19
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S6
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S8
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S9
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S12
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S14
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S16
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC4
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