Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S10

Why School Board
Diversity Matters
Most school boards don't look like the
students they serve, but new research
suggests that must change.

T

TIPS FOR NEW
SCHOOL BOARD
MEMBERS

" Be prepared to
listen broadly to
your community
and seek out voices
missing from the
conversation. "

he racial and ethnic makeup of school
boards rarely matches that of the students
in the schools they are responsible for. Yet
a growing body of research suggests having
more diverse school boards can make concrete differences in how schools operate.
Some studies suggest, in fact, that having just one minority member on a board increases a school district's
financial investment in high-minority schools, and even
some measures of student achievement and student climate.
But at a time when the student population is growing
more diverse, most school boards across the country
don't meet even that low bar, according to a new survey by the EdWeek Research Center. And most school
board members, when asked in the survey, said that the
lack of minority representatives on their own boards
was no more than a minor problem.
Creating a Pipeline

by

Christina A.
Samuels

Both superintendents and board members have a
role to play in elevating different voices, say school
board members. District leaders can't pick candidates,
but they can create " leadership academies " to teach
interested community members about the workings of
their school systems. They can also create committees
and other advisory boards that allow parents an entry
point into getting more involved in their school district,
if they choose.
Armando Rodriguez, a member of the Canutillo, Texas, school board, said a " good solid leadership program "
run by the district for parents, educators, and students
could also drive accountability and transparency about
how the system operates. And the effort must go beyond
simple ethnic matching, he said.
Canutillo ISD, a district of about 6,000 students
in El Paso County, is more than 90 percent Hispanic
and is served by a predominantly Hispanic board. But
school board members have tended to come from the
developed neighborhoods in the community, leaving
more rural areas unrepresented, he said. Moving to sin-

10 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 18, 2020 | www.edweek.org

gle-member districts, instead of the at-large representation Canutillo has now, could help, Rodriguez said.
" The excuse that there's not enough people to represent [all] areas is a sad excuse, " said Rodriguez, the
chairman of the National Hispanic Council of School
Board Members, an advisory group to the National
School Boards Association. But " you've got to push
some people to do it. A lot of people don't run for the
board until something triggers them, " he said.
Canutillo ISD, with its large population of Hispanic
students, is at the forefront of a national trend. Six years
ago, America's public schools hit a milestone: For the
first time, more than 50 percent of students enrolled
were Hispanic, Black or Asian. The shift was driven both
by an increase in the number of Latino students and a
decline in the numbers of non-Hispanic white students.
The Asian student population is also rising; the Black
student population has remained relatively steady over
the past 20 years.
While the student population has seen major changes
over the past few decades, school boards have remained
overwhelmingly white. The EdWeek Research Center's
survey of school board members found that 86 percent
of respondents said they had no Latino colleagues on
their board and 81 percent said they had no Black colleagues. Of the respondents who indicated that their
board makeup doesn't fully reflect student demographics, only 15 percent of respondents considered it a " major
problem; " the rest considered the issue a minor problem, or no problem at all.
Fanning Controversy

But recent controversies suggest that even if most
board members don't see a problem, some communities
feel resentful of the lack of representation.
Earlier this year, a community dispute flared when
the board of the Central York, Pa., district voted to table
proposed changes to its social studies curriculum, rather than add additional resources that drew from the 1619
Project, a Pulitzer Prize-winning project from the New
York Times. The project aims to trace the impact of slavery on the country's founding through the present day
and has drawn sharp criticism from conservatives and
some historians.
Two board members objected to what they said was a
focus on white privilege and racism. The school board's
members are all white. The 5,000-student district's pop-


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Education Week - November 18, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 18, 2020

Education Week - November 18, 2020
Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
As Election 2020 Grinds On, Young Voters Stay Hooked
Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Briefly Stated
What the Research Says
Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Education Week - November 18, 2020
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - ‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 19
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S6
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S8
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S9
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S12
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S14
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S16
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC4
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