Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 10

The Difficult Calculus of Reopening Schools
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 8

tion Week went to press and declined
to comment further.)
The U.S. Department of Education,
meanwhile, has all but abdicated any
role in providing actionable, comparable data to inform districts' decisions. In mid-October, U.S. Secretary
of Education Betsy DeVos said she did
not think the Education Department
had a role to play in collecting and
disseminating research or data on the
pandemic.

Myriad Factors
As daunting as it is for districts to
navigate conflicting metrics and risk
levels, a host of other forces apply
pressures to their decision-making.
Recent analyses suggest that local
politics play a role. The Center on

Reinventing Public Education, a research group, found that students'
chances of being in a school that reopened when health risk was high, or
in a school that took a very cautious
approach, were linked to the political
party of their state's governor.
Equity weighs heavily on district
leaders' minds. Surveys and news reports show that communities of color
that have been hit more heavily with
illness and deaths are less likely to support in-person learning. The American
Enterprise Institute found in one study
that COVID-19 case rates were weakly
related to what reopening models district chose, with higher percentages of
schools returned to in-person instruction in small, low-minority, low-poverty, and high-achieving districts.
More than a few superintendents
are feeling pressure, one way or the
other, from their states. Cantu's dis-

trict in Texas planned to stay all-virtual
through Sept. 28, but began offering inperson options Sept. 8 after the state's
education commissioner told superintendents that their funding would be
at risk if they didn't provide in-person
options for parents, she told Education Week. That trumped the advice
of county health officials, who'd urged
local districts to stay remote, since new
case rates and hospitalizations were
trending up earlier this fall, Cantu said.
Reopening also requires ensuring a
full quotient of staff, and not all districts can make the ends meet. Teachers in the Mansfield district are taking
more days off now to take care of family issues or their own health, and far
fewer subs on her normal roster are
willing to risk coming to work, said
Cantu. Normally, she can fill 90 percent of absent teachers' classrooms
with substitutes. Now, she's lucky if

she can get half filled, Cantu said,
leading some teachers to take on colleagues' classes, doubling class size.
At times, receptionists fill in.
There are also questions about logistics that might help schools get off a
reopen-and-close-again roller coaster.
In Los Angeles, the country's secondbiggest district, which is still largely
in all-remote mode because of California's health-metrics requirements,
Superintendent Austin Beutner is
leading a large-scale experiment in
COVID-19 testing.
The district is still building the program, and it's currently voluntary. As
of Nov. 4, it had tested 103,000 parents, students, staff, and family members, and found a test-positivity rate of
only 0.38 percent, far lower than the
average of 3.7 percent in the sprawling
county where it's situated. As testing
is scaled up, Beutner said, it can be
a powerful way to monitor the virus
in the schools and take the needed
precautions when the data suggest
they're necessary.
" Getting back open is hard, " he

"

I will tell you
the pressure is
mounting, and
it's not just from
the business
community; it's
also from parents.
JOHN VELLARDITA
executive director
Clark County Education Association

Measuring Student
Learning in Any Setting
We know the assessments used
in face-to-face classrooms are not
always practical or impactful in
remote learning. Thus, the question:
How do we assess what our
students have learned in distance
and blended environments.

GUEST SPEAKERS
ٚDOUGLAS FISHER, professor of
educational leadership, SDSU
ٚNANCY FREY, professor of
educational leadership, SDSU
ٚVINCE BUSTAMANTE,
instructional coach, curriculum
content developer, and author,
Edmonton Catholic Schools
ٚJOHN HATTIE, education
researcher and author
GUEST SPEAKER
ٚLISA LUEDEKE, director &
publisher, Corwin Editorial

Monday, November 30, 2020

2-3 PM ET
https://webinars.
on24.com/edweek/
MeasuringStudentLearning

Content provided by

10 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 18, 2020 | www.edweek.org

said, " but keeping open is hard if you
don't have the testing capability. "
Labor union issues are a big part
of the reopening equation, too. Disputes between districts and unions
have delayed plans to reopen for inperson learning in Chicago, and more
recently in the District of Columbia.
Complications over a new staffing
agreement in New York City have
limited the number of students who
can access in-person teaching.
Such issues are now top of mind
in the Clark County school district,
where negotiations between the district and teachers' union over in-person learning procedures are ongoing.
The Clark County Education Association has put forward a safety plan
for the return to in-person learning
demanding a test-positivity rate in
the county below 5 percent; mandatory testing of all who enter school
buildings during the transition to
hybrid learning; and clarity on which
teachers must return to buildings and
which can continue to teach remotely,
among other things. And it's been reviewing what other teachers' unions
in the eight largest U.S. districts have

bargained into their latest contracts,
said John Vellardita, the CCEA's executive director.
In an informal survey, about 70
percent of the union's building representatives said they'd be open to
returning if those conditions are met,
he said. But, Vellardita acknowledged,
no matter how negotiations work out,
some in-person learning is inevitable.
" I will tell you the pressure is mounting, and it's not just from the business
community; it's also from parents, " he
said. " So I think it's imminent. I think
there's a marker for January, and it
might happen even sooner. "

Taking the Heat
In this tangled mix of dynamics,
sometimes school leaders have no option but to take a deep breath, weigh
their options, choose the best, and
take the heat from opponents.
Baltimore Superintendent Sonja
Santelises is threading the needle
between a state education commissioner who's pressuring districts to
reopen and a community that's far
more hesitant.
Santelises had hoped to open in
August with full hybrid options for
everyone, but decided the district just
wasn't ready to bring back that many
kids safely.
Staff pushback, concerns about
having enough teachers, insufficient
contact tracing, and problems securing air filters in its older buildings all
played into the decision. In an October
survey, half her parents wanted to stay
virtual, one-quarter wanted to return
in person, and the rest wanted more
information about safety protocols.
The district opted for a gradual approach, so it can master the protocols
and gauge how everything is going as
it brings more students into its buildings. So far, it's opened a handful of
schools for special-needs children,
and about 975 students in supervised
virtual-learning settings. In mid-November, it plans to open 44 of its 160
schools for the youngest and highestneed students.
Shelby County leaders are making
plans to return to in-person learning in
January, when they hope local health
metrics will have improved. The district is asking all parents to indicate
their preference for remote or hybrid
learning so it can begin sketching out
its scenarios. It has tentatively prioritized PreK-to-grade 5 students for inperson learning based on the health
research, and because those students
stand to benefit most from early literacy teaching and socialization.
No matter what eventually happens,
though, Superintendent Ray knows
someone in Memphis will be upset
with his decisions.
" I get it from both sides. I have a local
minister here who's questioning why
I'm even discussing in-person learning with the conditions of COVID-19,
and I hear from parents who say, 'We
should have gone back two weeks
ago,'  " he said. " It is definitely warring
factions about should we return, or
should we remain. "


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Education Week - November 18, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 18, 2020

Education Week - November 18, 2020
Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
As Election 2020 Grinds On, Young Voters Stay Hooked
Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Briefly Stated
What the Research Says
Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Education Week - November 18, 2020
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Did COVID-19 Really Drive Teachers to Quit?
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Getting Schools Open: A No-Win Decision as Virus Cases Surge
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - ‘Schools Need to Be Bolder’ About Reopening, Public Health Expert Says
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - What to Watch as Biden Administration Charts Its Own Path on Education Policy
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Who Could End Up Heading Top Senate Panel on Education Issues
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Families Not Engaging Remotely? Rethink the Problem
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The Election Was Traumatizing For Many Students (and Educators)
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - 19
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - The New Face of Teacher Demoralization
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - CW4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S1
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S2
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S4
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S5
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S6
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S7
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S8
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S9
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S10
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S11
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S12
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S13
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S14
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S15
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - S16
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC3
Education Week - November 18, 2020 - SC4
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