Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 8


DIGITAL DIRECTIONS > Tracking news and ideas in educational technology
www.digitaldirections.org

Eager to Innovate

African-American Teenagers and Technology
By Benjamin Herold

Y

oung African-Americans embrace computers as integral to their futures, but
they may be missing out on key opportunities to learn to code, develop apps and
software, and innovate with technology, concludes a new national survey.
"This is a group of young people who are very confident about their
technology use and very comfortable with its importance in their lives,"
said Kevin A. Clark, a professor of learning technologies and the director of the Center
for Digital Media Innovation and Diversity at George Mason University in Manassas, Va.
"What I think happens sometimes is that educators and schools underestimate that."
Clark, Arizona State University women and gender studies professor Kimberly A. Scott,
and consultant Victoria J. Rideout are the authors behind "The Digital Lives of African
American Tweens, Teens, and Parents: Innovating and Learning with Technology." The
study, released this month, is based on a national survey of more than 1,000 pairs of
African-American teenagers and their parents, as well as focus groups. The emphasis was
primarily on young people's use of computers and the internet outside of school.
The researchers found that young African-Americans are passionate about their
smartphones. Eighty percent of survey respondents described them as "very important" to
their everyday lives. "It's their immediate connection to everyone and everything-always
on, always with them, and easy to use," the report says.
But when it comes to completing schoolwork or preparing college or job applications,
young African-Americans reported strong preferences for computers over mobile devices,
an important insight for school administrators weighing whether to buy laptops or tablets
for their schools. And while more than three-fourths of survey respondents said they used a
computer or mobile device to edit pictures and videos and watch online tutorials, fewer than
1 in 5 said the same about creating an app or website or writing computer code themselves.
The researchers attributed those disparities to a lack of exposure and opportunity, both
inside and outside of school.
At home, they found, African-American children from low-income households, as well as
those whose parents do not have a college degree, were less likely than their peers to report
learning about computers from their friends or fathers. African-American parents also
reported being far more likely to restrict computer and internet usage for girls compared
with boys.
"What schools can take away from this is that African-American parents are very much
engaged and concerned about their children," said Scott of Arizona State.
"But we know that [African-American] girls are not provided the same opportunities to
play, to innovate, and to use computational thinking skills, and that may cause a problem."

DIGITAL CREATION
Percentage of African-American youths who used
a computer or mobile device to:

84%

Edit pictures or videos

80

Watch tutorials about something they're
interested in outside of school

78

Watch tutorials for school

67

Create a presentation

52

Make digital art

47

Write blogs, stories, or articles for fun

45

Make digital music

26

Take an online class

21

Create or modify a video game

18

Create an app

17

Create a website

13

Code

3

Start an online business

TAKEAWAY: Young African-Americans frequently use technology to learn
 
and create content, but far fewer write their own code.

DEVICE PREFERENCES

DEVICE USE
Percentage of 11- to 17-year-old African-Americans who say
they use each device every day:

Percentage of 13- to 17-year-old African-Americans who prefer
computers vs. smartphones for specific tasks:
Send an email

Smartphone 81%

22%

Research a college

Computer 63

Fill out a job application

Tablet 42
TAKEAWAY: "Young people's passion for their phones was obvious," the researchers conclude.
 

52

ENCOURAGE
Boys

47

TAKEAWAY: African-American parents are substantially more likely
 

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 16, 2016 | www.edweek.org

30
70

14
21

9

86

10 4

Write a resumé

86

10 4

Write an essay for school

88

9 3
Either

Smartphone

TAKEAWAY: The vast majority of young African-Americans prefer computers to
 
mobile devices for tasks related to school and career preparation.

63

Girls

to restrict girls' than boys' computer and internet use.

56

Computer

Percentage of parents of 11- to 17-year-old African-Americans who say they
mainly limit or encourage their child's online use, by child's gender:

LIMIT

37

Write a cover letter

GENDER DIFFERENCES

37%

41

RESEARCHERS:
KEVIN A. CLARK

Professor, Division of Learning Technologies
Director, Center for Digital Media
Innovation and Diversity
George Mason University

KIMBERLY A. SCOTT

Associate Professor, Women and Gender Studies
Founder/Executive Director, Center for Gender
Equity in Science and Technology
Arizona State University


http://www.digitaldirections.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 16, 2016

Education Week - November 16, 2016
Few Women Run School Districts. Why?
Trump’s Lesson Plan Awaited
A Day After Election, Classes Are Awash in Emotions
News in Brief
Report Roundup
States Found to Offer 95 Kinds of Diplomas
Black Teachers Feel Pigeonholed On the Job, Report Says
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Eager to Innovate: African-American Teenagers and Technology
Positive Climates May Shrink Achievement Gaps
Q&A: ‘You Just Do the Work’
Proposed ESSA Spending Rules Encounter Stiff Resistance
Oklahoma Schools Chief Facing Campaign-Finance Charges
Sharp Questions Posed In Service-Dog Case
SNAPSHOT: Title IX and Transgender Students: Some Key Developments Over 44 Years
Governors and Schools Chiefs Results
Ed. Policy on Simmer as GOP Holds Congress
GOP Solidifies Hold on State-Level Leadership
State Ballot Measures
In Mass., Voters Shun More Charter Schools
Bilingual Education Set to Return to California Schools
Education Department May Again Find Itself in GOP Cross Hairs
Teachers’ Unions Spend Big, Mostly Fall Short in Elections
Senate/House Results
SUSAN MOORE JOHNSON: To Decentralize or Not? Is That Even the Question?
JIM HAAS: Oh, the Humanity!
GREGG WEINLEIN: The School Friendship Challenge
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
GARY BEACH: Does the U.S. Department of Education Need to Be Restructured?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - A Day After Election, Classes Are Awash in Emotions
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 2
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 3
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - States Found to Offer 95 Kinds of Diplomas
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Black Teachers Feel Pigeonholed On the Job, Report Says
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Eager to Innovate: African-American Teenagers and Technology
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Positive Climates May Shrink Achievement Gaps
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 10
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 11
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Q&A: ‘You Just Do the Work’
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 13
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 14
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Oklahoma Schools Chief Facing Campaign-Finance Charges
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Sharp Questions Posed In Service-Dog Case
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Title IX and Transgender Students: Some Key Developments Over 44 Years
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GOP Solidifies Hold on State-Level Leadership
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - State Ballot Measures
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Bilingual Education Set to Return to California Schools
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 21
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Teachers’ Unions Spend Big, Mostly Fall Short in Elections
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Senate/House Results
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - SUSAN MOORE JOHNSON: To Decentralize or Not? Is That Even the Question?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - JIM HAAS: Oh, the Humanity!
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GREGG WEINLEIN: The School Friendship Challenge
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 29
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 30
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 31
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GARY BEACH: Does the U.S. Department of Education Need to Be Restructured?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW1
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW2
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW3
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW4
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