Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 12


'You Just Do the Work'
Few people running the nation's school systems look like Sharon Contreras-black, Latino,
and female.
In fact, only 2.6 percent of superintendents identify as Hispanic women, according to
a 2015 national survey of district leaders. Contreras was 41 when she was appointed in
2011 to be the first woman to run the 21,000-student Syracuse, N.Y.,
district, a position she held for 5½ years before she was recruited this
past summer to run North Carolina's third-largest school system, the
72,000-student Guilford County district.
In her first week on the job in Syracuse, a reporter called Contreras
asking to see her superintendent's license. A rumor had been circulating
With the superintendent
that Contreras, who by then had been a top administrator for a decade,
of the Guilford County,
was not licensed to hold the district's top executive position.
N.C. district, SHARON
CONTRERAS
"I remember one of the first comments written about me was that
I was a triple-affirmative-action threat-a woman, black, and Latino,"
says Contreras, who is a single mother of an 8-year-old son, told
Education Week in a recent interview.
"The way I addressed the issue was by doing a good job, by being a strong superintendent.
You don't keep throwing in someone's face, 'I am equally qualified, it doesn't matter that I am
a person of color, it doesn't matter that I am a woman.' You don't need to say that. You just do
the work, and people will see that you are qualified." The interview has been edited for clarity
and brevity.

John Berry

Q&A

Sharon Contreras is the superintendent in the Guilford County, N.C.,
district. Though leading her second district, Contreras says women
face many obstacles to rising to the top leadership job in the
nation's school systems.

2016

In a profession dominated by women, why
do so few occupy the top spot?
The thing I hear most from women is that
we still see ourselves as taking care of the
family and children. Women are less likely
to go into administration early, and going
into administration is usually a precursor to
becoming a superintendent. We rarely will go into
administration while we have small children.
That is not as true for men.
I also believe that-and this is based on my
experience in trying to promote women-we often
feel that we are not ready for the position. We will
prepare, and prepare, and prepare, while men
will step right into the challenge whether they
are prepared or not. I believe the third reason
is just sheer bias. I will give you an example.
I have a good friend who is a superintendent
of color, who said to me he wouldn't work for a
female superintendent. This is coming from a
superintendent. There are many parallels with
female pastors, where people just feel, 'I won't
attend a church where the pastor is a female.' I
think there is a lot of that, even among school
board members. You have to remember it's school
board members that hire the superintendent, and
even when there are female school board members,
it is no easier to be appointed as a woman.

Should school boards consider diversity
when they are hiring superintendents?
They should be thinking about diversity and
thinking about the world that their students
live in. However, I don't want to ever get a job
because I am a woman or a person of color. I
want them to see me as a strong superintendent.
But if my gender and race and ethnicity help to
foster a world where we understand diversity
better, we understand one another better, and we
understand that all of us can be leaders and we
can be whatever we choose to be in life, ... then I
think that's the icing on the cake for me.

That must be quite a tightrope to walk,
particularly if you are the first woman or the
first person of color leading a district.
Yes, very much so. When I was in Syracuse, I was
told they were worried that I wouldn't be tough
enough to be superintendent. They would never
question whether a man would be tough enough. To
me, that's something very specific to how we view
gender.
By the time we become superintendents, we have

12 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 16, 2016 | www.edweek.org

more years of experience and education, often more
degrees [than men], but we are questioned about
our ability to handle the district's finances. That
always comes up, not because of any experience
you've had, but they just don't think women can
handle money.
People worry about whether or not we are tough
enough, whether we can make snow calls. It's very
silly, but very sad in many respects.

Superintendent

Guilford County Schools,
Greensboro, N.C.

2015
Ph.D. Educational
Leadership & Policy
Analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

What are some of the things that helped you
along the way?
[In my first district], there was a woman of color
who was the associate superintendent. I would
get off work, I think at 2:50 p.m. I would go to the
central office and I would work until 7 p.m. with the
associate superintendent, learning the business. I
did that for several years. When she went on to a
different district as superintendent, I became her
deputy, and I learned and grew under her.
I also made sure that I was involved in the state
networks. I have always been an executive board
member in every state I've worked, whatever the
superintendents' organization was, even before I
was a superintendent. I made sure I participated so
that when search firms called the executive director
of, say, the Rhode Island [School] Superintendents'
Association, they said, 'Yes, we have a [chief
academic officer] from Providence who would really
do a great job.'
It's important that women participate in
networking. It's time-consuming, especially if you are
teaching and you have a family, but you must do it.
I would also say interacting with board members
to really learn how board members think about
the superintendency, to understand what they
are looking for ... was very helpful to me in
interviewing.

Are you optimistic based on what you're
seeing in the field that [the number of female
superintendents] will change in the near
future?
I am optimistic. I think of the welcome that I have
had here by the community, and I know they see
me as a highly qualified educator. What they talk
about the most is not that I am a woman or a person
of color, but that I have done this work for 25 years,
and that's really important to me. That gives me
hope that we will continue to see the contributions of
women and people of color in education, and, indeed,
in all fields, and continue to make sure that they
are represented at the board level, at the leadership
level, in the classrooms.
-DENISA R. SUPERVILLE

2011-2016

Superintendent

Syracuse City School District,
Syracuse, N.Y.

2010

Graduate
The Broad Superintendents Academy

2006-2011

Chief Academic Officer
Providence Public Schools,
Providence, R.I.

2004-2006

Chief Academic Officer

2003-2004

Clayton County Public Schools,
Jonesboro, Ga.

Assistant Superintendent
for Pupil Personnel
Services
Rockford Public Schools
Rockford, Ill.

2000-2003

Area Superintendent
Rockford Public Schools

1997-2000
Principal

Lewis Lemon Global Studies Academy,
Rockford Public Schools

1996

MSc. Educational
Administration
University of Wisconsin-Madison

1993-1997

High school
English teacher
Rockford Public Schools


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 16, 2016

Education Week - November 16, 2016
Few Women Run School Districts. Why?
Trump’s Lesson Plan Awaited
A Day After Election, Classes Are Awash in Emotions
News in Brief
Report Roundup
States Found to Offer 95 Kinds of Diplomas
Black Teachers Feel Pigeonholed On the Job, Report Says
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Eager to Innovate: African-American Teenagers and Technology
Positive Climates May Shrink Achievement Gaps
Q&A: ‘You Just Do the Work’
Proposed ESSA Spending Rules Encounter Stiff Resistance
Oklahoma Schools Chief Facing Campaign-Finance Charges
Sharp Questions Posed In Service-Dog Case
SNAPSHOT: Title IX and Transgender Students: Some Key Developments Over 44 Years
Governors and Schools Chiefs Results
Ed. Policy on Simmer as GOP Holds Congress
GOP Solidifies Hold on State-Level Leadership
State Ballot Measures
In Mass., Voters Shun More Charter Schools
Bilingual Education Set to Return to California Schools
Education Department May Again Find Itself in GOP Cross Hairs
Teachers’ Unions Spend Big, Mostly Fall Short in Elections
Senate/House Results
SUSAN MOORE JOHNSON: To Decentralize or Not? Is That Even the Question?
JIM HAAS: Oh, the Humanity!
GREGG WEINLEIN: The School Friendship Challenge
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
GARY BEACH: Does the U.S. Department of Education Need to Be Restructured?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - A Day After Election, Classes Are Awash in Emotions
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 2
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 3
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - States Found to Offer 95 Kinds of Diplomas
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Black Teachers Feel Pigeonholed On the Job, Report Says
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Eager to Innovate: African-American Teenagers and Technology
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Positive Climates May Shrink Achievement Gaps
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 10
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 11
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Q&A: ‘You Just Do the Work’
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 13
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 14
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Oklahoma Schools Chief Facing Campaign-Finance Charges
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Sharp Questions Posed In Service-Dog Case
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Title IX and Transgender Students: Some Key Developments Over 44 Years
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GOP Solidifies Hold on State-Level Leadership
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - State Ballot Measures
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Bilingual Education Set to Return to California Schools
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 21
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Teachers’ Unions Spend Big, Mostly Fall Short in Elections
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Senate/House Results
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - SUSAN MOORE JOHNSON: To Decentralize or Not? Is That Even the Question?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - JIM HAAS: Oh, the Humanity!
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GREGG WEINLEIN: The School Friendship Challenge
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 29
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 30
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - 31
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - GARY BEACH: Does the U.S. Department of Education Need to Be Restructured?
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW1
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW2
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW3
Education Week - November 16, 2016 - CW4
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