Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 8

GreatSchools Expands
Its Ratings on Schools
Mix now includes discipline, equity data
By Sarah D. Sparks
The online site GreatSchools.org
has released a massive expansion of
its school-ratings system, intended
to provide more nuance about school
quality by highlighting student test
growth, achievement gaps, school
climate, and course offerings.
The expansion comes as GreatSchools and other school-ratings sites
ride skyrocketing popularity, and as
states work to incorporate more multifaceted measures into their own
school accountability systems. But
the changes also respond to ongoing
concern by education and fair housing
advocates that test-focused schoolratings sites can push parents and
other users to make overly simplistic
or even stereotypical judgements of
schools.
"[Ratings-site data] often gets
used at the individual level-I'm
going to talk to my friends and
pick a school that's right for my
children-but these data need to
be about how we can improve a
system ... not individual winners
and losers," said Rebecca Jacobsen,
an associate professor for education politics and policy at Michigan
State University who studies how
parents interpret and use education data.
GreatSchools previously provided
ratings based primarily on test
scores and parent feedback for more
than 130,000 public and private preK-12 schools nationwide.
As simple as they were, those ratings were used widely by parents and
real estate-related companies, some
of which linked to the ratings on their
websites so that parents could factor
school-quality information into their
home-buying decisions.

'Explore It More'
Beginning earlier this month, the
site also started rating schools based
on student growth from year to year,
and, for secondary schools, on graduation rates, Advanced Placement
offerings and enrollment, and students' average performance on college placement tests.
It also includes an "equity" rating,
based on whether there are achievement gaps for students from racial
minority groups, those in poverty,
and those with special needs, as well
as on how students in those groups
fare compared to similar students
statewide.
The revamped site also uses federal civil rights data to flag schools
that show high rates of student
absenteeism or disproportionate
discipline for different groups of
students.
"What we really want is for people
to see the top-line data and dive in
and explore it more," said Adam Gorski, GreatSchools' lead data scientist. "We hope it will more accurately
reflect what's going on in a school
besides just its demographics."

The new ratings, which were piloted in California this summer, will
be launched in 42 more states and
the District of Columbia this week.
The remaining states-Alaska,
Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, Maine, New Hampshire, and
Vermont-will be updated once the
site has additional school data.
"We're looking at how can we turn
the data into information that's really designed to help parents to
make sense of it-and what's the insight on what you can do about it,"
said Matthew Nelson, the president
of GreatSchools.

Quick Analysis
The San Francisco-based nonprofit GreatSchools has grown
rapidly in the advent of both social
media review services like Yelp and
unprecedented access to school accountability data online, including
its partnerships with real estate
sites and the Housing and Urban
Development Administration,
which shares the school ratings with
families who use housing vouchers.

"

What we really want
is for people to see the
top-line data and then
dive in and explore it
more. We hope it will
more accurately
reflect what's going on
in a school besides just
its demographics."
ADAM GORSKI
GreatSchools' lead data scientist

GreatSchools has expanded from 44
million users in 2013 to more than
50 million users today.
John Luedemann is one of those
users. Two years ago, he and his
family faced a move from Houston,
Texas, to Houston County, Ala., a
few months before his daughter
Morgan was scheduled to start kindergarten.
"We had no family there, no connection there, no previous knowledge of the schools. You kind of have
to start from scratch with nothing to
go on," Luedemann said.
So Luedemann narrowed his
search based on the GreatSchools
ratings available through his home
searches on Zillow and other real
estate sites.
"There was a pretty big discrepancy; a handful that were 7 and

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 15, 2017 | www.edweek.org

above, and then the rest were like
4; there was an obvious fall-off" on
GreatSchools' 10-point scale. "I tried
to drill down more ... but I don't remember there being a whole lot
more."
Critics point to divides like the
one that Luedemann found for Dolthan, Ala., as a downside of the site's
previous, primarily test-score-based
school ratings, which they argue can
be a better proxy for a school's race
or poverty demographics than for
school quality.
Lisa Rice, the executive vice president of the National Fair Housing
Association, noted that some of
her group's civil rights investigations had found real estate agents
describing the same schools using
different metrics to white and
Latino home buyers, recommending a school to Latino parents
that they had panned to white parents.
"The information they are providing gives only a small snapshot
of each school, and no one should
make a decision to send their child
to a school based only on the data in
these websites," Rice said.
Luedemann agreed-he and his
wife visited both neighborhood
schools and magnet schools in the
area before finally settling on a
list of homes to choose from-but
he said the site can help provide a
baseline for parents who are new to
a school system, either because they
have young children or are entering
an area.

Matching Data to Experience
Jacobsen said she has found that
providing accurate, high-quality
information about schools can help
parents make better decisions about
their children's education.
In a study of parents reviewing
school data, Jacobsen found participants used different-and often
more detailed-data to analyze a
school they were familiar with than
they did for one they had never
heard of.
"When good additional data gets
added, we've found people begin to
match the experiences of parents
with children who actually attend

This example of GreatSchools.org's
new ratings shows a school with high
overall test scores that is flagged
for achievement and discipline
disparities and high absenteeism.

GREATSCHOOLS' INDICATORS
The online school-ratings site GreatSchools.org
has redesigned its 10-point evaluation system,
to incorporate more measures of student
growth, academic access, and efforts to reduce
disparities among different student groups. Here
is a breakdown of what goes into the new rating:

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT:
Includes the website's pre-existing evaluation of state
test scores in math, reading, and science for tested
grades, as well as a new measure of student growth,
based on either state-reported growth measures
or an in-house measure of cohorts of students from year
to year.

COLLEGE READINESS:
Includes state and federal data on a school's four-year
high school graduation rate, average ACT/SAT college
placement exam rates, and the percentage of high
school graduates who meet entrance requirements
for local state university systems.

ADVANCED COURSEWORK:
Includes the average number of advanced courses each
student takes in core academic subject categories-
English; science, technology, engineering, and math
(STEM); social studies; and foreign languages-
as compared to the state average.

EQUITY:
Includes how low-income students and those from
traditionally disadvantaged racial or ethnic groups
in that state perform on state tests as compared to
students from more traditionally advantaged groups
in the school, as well as the same student groups
statewide. This section includes data on students
with disabilities, but the data is not used to calculate
the overall score.

ENVIRONMENT:
Includes the demographics of the school, average
teacher-student and counselor-student ratios, average
teacher experience, and parent reviews. This section also
flags schools with high or disproportionate rates
of student absenteeism or school discipline.
SOURCE: GreatSchools.org


http://www.GreatSchools.org http://www.GreatSchools.org http://www.GreatSchools.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 15, 2017

Education Week - November 15, 2017
E-Schools Adapting to Transgender Students’ Needs
In Florida, Laissez-Faire Approach to Monitoring Private School Vouchers
New Survey Details Effect of Inclusion on Teaching Time
Are States Changing Course On Teacher Evaluation?
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Teaching Parents the Right ‘Questions to Ask’ in Schools
Rising Food Allergies A Challenge for Schools
GreatSchools Expands Its Ratings on Schools
Study: Do Parents Need a Reason To Go School Shopping?
SNAPSHOT: Single-Gender Education
New Mexico Offers Teachers A Seat at Policymaking Table
Repercussions for K-12 From Democratic Election Gains
GOP Tax Plans Could Affect K-12 Aid, Teachers’ Pocketbooks
A One-Year Scorecard for Trump On K-12 Campaign-Trail Promises
A Primer on the Teacher Tax Break
Emily Phillips Galloway, Paola Uccelli & Christina Dobbs: The Power of Precise Language
Adam Urbanski, Tom Alves & Ellen Bernstein: Without Teacher Input, Ed. Reform Is Doomed to Fail
William Sterrett: Time Is a Principal’s Most Limited Resource
Letters
Readers React
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Elaine Weiss & Christopher T. Cross: Education’s Golden Rule
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Are States Changing Course On Teacher Evaluation?
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Cover2
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 3
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 5
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Teaching Parents the Right ‘Questions to Ask’ in Schools
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Rising Food Allergies A Challenge for Schools
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - GreatSchools Expands Its Ratings on Schools
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Study: Do Parents Need a Reason To Go School Shopping?
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - SNAPSHOT: Single-Gender Education
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 11
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 12
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 13
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 14
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 15
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 16
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - New Mexico Offers Teachers A Seat at Policymaking Table
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 18
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - GOP Tax Plans Could Affect K-12 Aid, Teachers’ Pocketbooks
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - A One-Year Scorecard for Trump On K-12 Campaign-Trail Promises
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - A Primer on the Teacher Tax Break
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Adam Urbanski, Tom Alves & Ellen Bernstein: Without Teacher Input, Ed. Reform Is Doomed to Fail
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - William Sterrett: Time Is a Principal’s Most Limited Resource
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Readers React
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - 25
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Cover3
Education Week - November 15, 2017 - Elaine Weiss & Christopher T. Cross: Education’s Golden Rule
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