Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 1

To inspire and empower.

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Vol. 39 * Issue 13 * November 13, 2019

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Should Schools Have a Policy on Use of the N-Word?
By Christina A. Samuels
The early October scuffle with an unruly student was not the first time Marlon Anderson, a
black school security guard, had been called a
racial slur.
This time, the hallway tirade came from a
black high school student, who had just gotten
in an argument with an administrator. Anderson, who has worked in the Madison, Wis., dis-

trict for 11 years, said he told the student what
he always says when the word is hurled at him.
"Do not call me 'nigger,' " Anderson, 48, said.
What happened next has left the district in
turmoil that has barely subsided.
In previous situations, Anderson said, the principal might have called the offending student
into the office for apologies. "One hundred percent of the time, that conversation ends with a
handshake or a hug," said Anderson, who works

at the district's 2,200-student West High School.
This time though, he was fired.
The reason? He ran afoul of a new district
stance forbidding staff members from using the
slur.
Anderson's termination prompted outrage
that spread like wildfire across social media.
About 1,500 students staged a peaceful school
walkout to support Anderson, led by his son
Noah, a West High senior and president of its

Black Student Union. Singer and actress Cher
offered to pay his legal bills. Former education
secretary Arne Duncan said the district needed
to grow a "brain, and a heart."
Within days, Anderson's termination was
rescinded. But students, parents, and district
leaders are still grappling with the fallout.
How did politically liberal Madison, where the
27,000-student school district has an avowed
PAGE 8 >

Most School
Shooters Gave
Many Warning
Signs, Report Says

Jackie Molloy for Education Week

By Stephen Sawchuk

Students clean airplane parts in a class at Aviation High School in Queens, N.Y. The class prepares students for careers in aviation, while also simulating a union shop.

Shop Students Get Lessons in Unionizing
High school teachers simulate labor organizing in the classroom
By Madeline Will
Queens, N.Y.

Under the supervision of two foremen, workers clad in white coveralls use a sandblaster and
other power tools to remove corrosion from airplane parts.
A sign posted nearby in all capital letters
reads, "This is a union shop." Workers, the
sign says, have the right to file a grievance if
they have suffered a hardship or feel like they
haven't been treated fairly.
But this isn't a workplace. It's a classroom-
and the workers are high school sophomores.
Aviation High School, which is located in
Long Island City but takes applicants from all
five boroughs of New York, prepares students

to have a career in aerospace. For about the
past six years, teachers José Vaz and Antonio
Pepenella have added an extra dose of realism by transforming their aircraft cleaning and
maintenance classes into simulated unionized
workplaces.
Now, Vaz and Pepenella say they're more
hands-off in their instruction, and students are
able to take charge of their own learning experiences.
"Students at this age, and people in general,
tend not to like to be told what to do, so now it
comes from their peers, and they come up with
their own ideas and their own resolutions," Vaz
said.
The experience also gives students a sense of
what unions can do for workers, said Vaz, who

Most of the violent attacks in schools over the
past decade were committed by students who
telegraphed their intentions beforehand-and
could have been prevented, a new report from
the U.S. Secret Service concludes.
Most of those students were motivated by
a specific grievance, and every single one was
experiencing extreme stress. But there remains
significant variation among the perpetrators,
and schools should use a comprehensive analysis to detect true threats rather than trying to
profile students, the report says.
The report, released Nov. 7 by the Secret
Service's National Threat Assessment Center, analyzes 41 violent incidents in schools
PAGE 13 >

Screen Time Up as
Reading Scores Drop.
Is There a Link?

is his school's chapter leader for the New York
City teachers' union, the United Federation of
Teachers.
Students have the opportunity to graduate
from Aviation High School as licensed aircraft
maintenance technicians, and some go directly
into the workforce, where they might join a
union. (More than 70 percent of aircraft maintenance technicians or mechanics who work for
an airline in the United States are represented
by a union, according to the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers.)
In the past few years, there's been a renewed
focus on unions. A 2018 U.S. Supreme Court
decision dealt a blow to public-sector unions
that many anticipated would lead to sustained
membership losses. But last year, more workers went on strike or participated in a work

American students have never had more access to digital devices for reading in and out of
school. Now emerging research and troubling
results on the test dubbed the Nation's Report
Card raise questions about what effect all this
digital access could have on students' longterm
reading skills.
A little more than 1 in 3 American students
read proficiently in grades 4 or 8, according to
the 2019 National Assessment of Educational
Progress, released at the end of last month.
Reading scores in both grades declined significantly across states, races, and income levels, in
public and private schools.
Students have actually lost ground since 2017
on both of the NAEP's main reading content

PAGE 14 >

PAGE 12 >

By Sarah D. Sparks


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - November 13, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 13, 2019

Education Week - November 13, 2019
Should Schools Have a Policy On Use of the N-Word?
Shop Students Get Lessons in Unionizing
Most School Shooters Gave Many Warning Signs, Report Says
Screen Time Up as Reading Scores Drop. Is There a Link?
Briefly Stated
Education Issues Resonate in Governors’ Races
Everybody Supports ‘Equity,’ But How Do They Define It?
State ESSA Goals May Prove Elusive
What the Research Says
How to Close Gifted Education’s Opportunity Gap
It’s Time for Schools to Completely Ban the “N Word”
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Stop Scapegoating Gifted Children
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - Screen Time Up as Reading Scores Drop. Is There a Link?
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 2
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 4
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - Education Issues Resonate in Governors’ Races
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 7
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 8
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 9
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 10
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 11
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 12
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 13
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 14
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - 15
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - How to Close Gifted Education’s Opportunity Gap
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - It’s Time for Schools to Completely Ban the “N Word”
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - Stop Scapegoating Gifted Children
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - November 13, 2019 - CW4
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