Education Week - November 12, 2014 - (Page 18)

GOP Tightens Grip On State Capitals CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 both parties could be blunted in some cases by the divided partisan control in several states ranging from Illinois to Pennsylvania. So it's not clear that some of the policy changes such as curbs on collective bargaining rooted in the 2010 elections will spread. Still, "the action will be at the state level going forward," said Paul Manna, an associate professor of public policy at the College of William and Mary, in Williamsburg, Va., comparing state leaders and federal policymakers. "So these are the more important races to think about." Republican Gains In both gubernatorial and legislative elections, state-level Republicans increased their current dominance. In 2015, there are set to be at least 31 gop governors, up from the current 28, compared with at least 17 Democrats, down from 20. (Races in Alaska and Vermont were still officially undecided as of late last week.) Only 11 state legislatures will be controlled by Democrats, compared with 30 for Republicans. Seven legislatures will have divided control, while control of the Colorado legislature was unclear as of last week. Meanwhile, the number of states with divided control between governors and legislatures were slated to jump significantly, to 18 from 11. Observers are particularly interested in how newly elected gop governors like Bruce Rauner in Illinois and Charlie Baker in Massachusetts deal with legislatures controlled by Democrats on issues such as managing the costs of public-employee pensions and lifting the charter school cap. And, after a long turn in the political spotlight this year, the role of the Common Core State Standards in many gubernatorial and legislative general elections was minor or murky, although the common standards had a more prominent place in several state superintendents' races. For teachers' unions, this year's state elections proved a disappointment. Unions could point to Democrat Tom Wolf's defeat of Republican Gov. Tom Corbett of Pennsylvania as a clear victory-they'd spent heavily in a race where the incumbent was already seen as far behind. They also had strongly backed California state chief Tom Torlakson's winning reelection bid in a highly competitive race. But teachers' unions otherwise had little to celebrate after spending $60 million in the 2014 election cycle, a record-setting percentage of which went to state and local races. (See related story, Page 15.) Meanwhile, groups that are critical of labor unions but often or exclusively support Democrats, such as Democrats for Education Reform, hailed gubernatorial wins by Democrats such as Gov.-elect Gina Raimondo in Rhode Island and incumbent Govs. Andrew Cuomo in New York and Dannel Malloy in Connecticut, who have clashed with K-12 unions in some fashion. But they were otherwise disappointed in many instances by gop victories that might conflict with their K-12 priorities in other areas. The large class of gop governors first elected in 2010 that pushed controversial policy changes, such as the restrictions on public employees' collective bargaining successfully championed by Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin and Gov. Rick Snyder of Michigan, proved durable despite vigorous opposition from labor. For example, of the 10 Republicans who took away Democratic seats in gubernatorial elections four years ago, all but Gov. Corbett were re-elected last week. Florida Gov. Rick Scott, a first-term Republican, likewise had been deemed ELECTION 2014 BALLOT MEASURES FAILED Hawaii, Amendment 4: Would have allowed the state to use public funds to support private early-childhoodeducation programs. FAILED Colorado, Amendment 68: Would have legalized casino gambling at horse tracks and use a percentage of the revenue to fund K-12. PASSED Illinois, Public Act 0980794: Increases taxes by 3 percent on incomes greater than $1 million to increase school district revenues. FAILED Missouri, Constitutional Amendment 3: Would have created a standards-based performance-evaluation system for teachers; would dismiss, retain, demote, promote, and pay teachers based on quantifiable student-performance data as part of the evaluation system; would limit teacher contracts with school districts to three years; would prohibit teachers from organizing or collectively bargaining in regard to the design and implementation of the teacher-evaluation system. FAILED Nevada, Question 3: Would have increased taxes by 2 percent on businesses whose total revenue exceeds $1 million to increase funding for public schools. PASSED New York, Proposal 3: Authorizes the sale of state bonds up to $2 billion to increase access to classroom technology and high-speed Internet, to expand classroom space for prekindergarten, to replace classroom trailers with permanent instructional space, and to install high-tech security features in schools. FAILED North Dakota, Measure 8: Would have shifted the school year to begin on July 1 and end on June 30, with classes beginning Labor Day. PASSED Seattle, Proposition 1B: Institutes a four-year, $58 million tax increase in the city to create a preschool program for 3- and 4-year-olds. FAILED Washington, Initiative 1351: Would have directed the legislature to increase funding to reduce class sizes and hire support staff, such as librarians, counselors, and nurses, giving priority to schools that serve low-income communities. 18 | EDUCATION WEEK | November 12, 2014 | FAILED Oregon, Measure 86: Would have allowed the state to issue bonds to capitalize an education fund that provides financial aid for college or jobtraining programs. FAILED North Dakota, Constitutional Amendment 3: Would have changed the state's education governance structure by replacing the current 11-member State Board of Higher Education with a threemember Commission on Higher Education. CALIFORNIA (nonpartisan race) WIN Tom Torlakson (Incumbent) Marshall Tuck GEORGIA DEM: Valarie Wilson WIN REP: Richard Woods SOUTH CAROLINA DEM: Tom Thompson WIN REP: Molly Spearman AMERICAN PARTY: Ed Murray WYOMING DEM: Mike Ceballos WIN REP: Jillian Balow STATE SCHOOLS CHIEFS ARIZONA DEM: David Garcia AHEAD REP: Diane Douglas IDAHO DEM: Jana Jones WIN REP: Sherri Ybarra OKLAHOMA DEM: John Cox WIN REP: Joy Hofmeister GUBERNATORIAL RACES COLORADO WIN DEM: Gov. John Hickenlooper (Incumbent) REP: Bob Beauprez FLORIDA DEM: Charlie Crist WIN REP: Gov. Rick Scott (Incumbent) LIBERTARIAN: Adrian Wyllie GEORGIA DEM: State Sen. Jason Carter WIN REP: Gov. Nathan Deal (Incumbent) ILLINOIS DEM: Gov. Pat Quinn (Incumbent) WIN REP: Bruce Rauner KANSAS DEM: State Rep. Paul Davis WIN REP: Gov. Sam Brownback (Incumbent) LIBERTARIAN: Keen Umbehr MASSACHUSETTS DEM: State Attorney General Martha Coakley WIN REP: Charlie Baker PENNSYLVANIA WIN DEM: Tom Wolf REP: Gov. Tom Corbett (Incumbent) WISCONSIN DEM: Mary Burke WIN REP: Gov. Scott Walker (Incumbent) Wilfredo Lee/AP 2014 ELECTION

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 12, 2014

Education Week - November 12, 2014
Republicans Enhance State-Level Advantage
Broad Poverty Index Gives Fuller Picture Of Stressed Schools
Chromebooks Gaining Popularity in Districts
Key Obama Priorities Facing Lack of Allies
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Study: Close Screening Process Can Improve Teacher Hires
Study Finds Few Payoffs in Short-Term Career Certificates
Blogs of the Week
Chromebooks Ascend in K-12 Market to Challenge iPads
Perceived Threat to Net Neutrality Sparks Furor
GOP Leaders in Congress Outline Education Priorities
More Than $60 Million Later, Scant Payoff for Teachers’ Unions
California Chief’s Win a Bright Spot For Teachers’ Unions
Election 2014 Results
Blogs of the Week
RANDI WEINGARTEN: Collaboration Takes Two
FATIMA GOSS GRAVES: Overlooked and in Need: Black Female Students
JOE FELDMAN: Grading Standards Can Elevate Teaching
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
APRIL BO WANG: What About Helping Rural Schools?

Education Week - November 12, 2014