Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 5
"A Look at New York City's Public High School Choice Process"
David B. Tyack, an influential
education historian, died Oct. 27
at age 85.
Tyack was the Vida Jacks
professor of education and
professor of history, emeritus, at
Stanford University, where he had
taught since 1968. A passionate
advocate of the civic
purposes of schools, he
in education in such
books as The One Best
System: A History
of American Urban
Utopia: A Century of Public
School Reform (co-authored with
Larry Cuban, 1995), and Seeking
Common Ground: Public Schools
in a Diverse Society (2007).
He was a frequent essayist
on education and public policy,
including for Education Week.
Tyack was a former president
of the History Education Society
and a former vice president of the
American Educational Research
Association, among other
Before going to Stanford, Tyack
taught at the University of Illinois
and at Reed College. -SARAH D. SPARKS
A new study of New York City's high school choice system shows
that even high-achieving students from lower-performing middle schools often don't aim for the most competitive high schools,
a finding that raises questions about how well the choice system,
by itself, expands students' options.
The report by the city's Independent Budget Office used students' scores on math tests as proxies for achievement level. It
found students from lower-performing middle schools were less
likely than students from higher-performing schools to aim for
the city's more competitive high schools-regardless of a student's own academic performance.
By choosing less-selective high schools, students picked
schools that tend to have lower graduation rates, the report
"Too Scared to Learn? The Academic Consequences of Feeling
Unsafe in the Classroom"
It seems like common sense: Students who feel unsafe at school
stay home. That basic premise may underlie the link between
poor school climate and lower student achievement, according to
a new study in the journal Urban Education.
Mathematica researchers analyzed data on school safety, engagement, and climate for more than 340,000 students in more
than 700 New York City middle schools from a survey taken annually from 2007 to 2010. They found student reports of violence
at school were more strongly associated with school reports of
bullying and fighting than with gang activity or alcohol use. Students who felt less safe missed more days of school. Only 3 percent
of students who reported feeling safe at school reported staying
home "most or all of the time," versus 15 percent of students who
reported feeling unsafe.
-SARAH D. SPARKS
"Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the
United States: 2013"
management abilities" and fully meets
expectations in "performance objectives
and program accomplishments."
However, critics have questioned her
leadership, and principals complained
about a lack of support and of the "top
down" management that reduced their
decisionmaking ability at schools. In
addition, they complained of sweeping
academic reforms that dragged down
Cleveland CEO Is Named
Urban Educator of the Year
Eric Gordon, the CEO of the Cleveland district, has been selected as the
Urban Educator of the Year.
Known as the Green-Garner Award,
the honor is given by the Council of the
Great City Schools. The council said
that since the 2012 adoption of Cleveland's "plan for transforming schools,"
the district has seen increases in graduation rates, family engagement, and
Gordon, who has been the superintendent since 2011, was given the task
of putting the plan into effect.
-DENISA R. SUPERVILLE
An article in the Oct. 26, 2016, issue
of Education Week about teachers'
union campaign workers misspelled
the name of National Education Association President Lily Eskelsen García.
Also in that issue, a Commentary
about training science teachers misstated the release date of the National
Research Council's "A Framework for
K-12 Science Education." It came out
For many students, dropping out of high school is not the end
of the line, a new federal study suggests. Nearly 7 percent of
9th graders in 2009 became "stopouts"-they left school for at
least one period of four weeks or more between grades 9 and
State Education Aid
Lags Despite Recovery
"After Nearly a Decade, School
Investments Still Way Down in Some
The vast majority of states are spending
less on education than they did before the
Great Recession, according to a study by
the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities,
a think tank that pushes for more vibrant
"Public investment in K-12 schools-
crucial for communities to thrive and the
U.S. economy to offer broad opportunity-
has declined dramatically in a number
of states over the last decade," says the
study released last month. "Worse, most
of the deepest-cutting states have also cut
income-tax rates, weakening their main
revenue source for supporting schools."
According to the report, 35 states provided less overall funding for education in
2014 than in 2008, before the recession hit
housing prices, generating waves of state
and local budget cuts to districts.
In 27 states, the think tank says, local
per-pupil funding fell over the same period,
adding to the damage of state budget cuts.
-DAAREL BURNETTE II
11, but were still enrolled in school in 2012, according to a data
analysis by the National Center on Education Statistics. By
contrast, only 2.7 percent of students who were freshmen in
2009 left school and still had not returned by 2012.
Students in the poorest 20 percent of families were more likely
than other groups to both stop out or drop out, with 12.2 percent
stopping out and 4.7 percent leaving permanently.
"Social Influences on Spatial Perspective Taking"
Asking students to take another person's perspective can close
girls' performance gaps with boys on spatial ability.
In a new study in the journal Psychological Science, researchers from the University of Utah and the University of California, Santa Barbara, conducted a series of experiments using two
classic spatial-ability tasks. Some students were instructed to
imagine taking the perspective of another person within the
task-such as a path through buildings or a map of a home and
objects near it.
Across experiments using both tasks, the researchers found
college-age women performed significantly better when they
were asked to take the perspective of another person, rather
than an object. Young men of the same age performed equally
well on both types of tasks.
"Race to the Top: Implementation and Relationship to Student
It's unclear whether the $4 billion federal Race to the Top initiative had a long-term effect on student achievement, according
to a report by Mathematica for the Institute of Education
Race to the Top rewarded states for embracing policies like
rigorous academic standards, revamped data systems, dramatic
school turnarounds, and teacher evaluation through student test
scores. Researchers found the 11 original Race to the Top states
were more likely than states that didn't get that money to use
policies and practices promoted by the program in four areas:
school turnarounds, rigorous standards and tests, creating conditions for charter school success, and improving educator effectiveness. There weren't big differences between the states that
got the grants and those that didn't when it came to creating
data systems to measure student achievement and build state
CHANGES IN SCHOOL FUNDING, 2008-2014
Both state and local funding for education plummeted after the Great Recession
took firm hold in 2008. Even with more recent increases in funding, many states
have not yet returned to their previous education spending levels.
NOTE: Excludes Hawaii and Indiana because of lack of data.
SOURCE: CBPP Analysis of U.S. Census Bureau; "Public Education Finances, 2014
EDUCATION WEEK | NOVEMBER 2, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 5
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - November 2, 2016
Education Week - November 2, 2016
Teaching Literature Outside Of English Class
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Citizenship Initiative Will Target State Legislatures
Science Gains Seen at 4th, 8th Grades
African-American Museum Gears Up School Offerings
Principals Work Nearly 60 Hours A Week, According to Study
Conservative Group Focusing On ESSA Expands Reach
Guidance, Hurdles for ESSA’s ‘Well-Rounded Education’ Grant
SNAPSHOT: Tracking the Common Core
News in Brief
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
IN CONVERSATION: Q&A With Joseph Gauld
Election Lesson Reverberates In N.C. District
Education’s Tenuous Toehold on 2016 Ballot
SAM WINEBURG AND SARAH McGREW: What Students Don’t Know About Fact-Checking
BY THE NUMBERS: What Do Budding Voters Think?
MICHAEL J. FEUER: Whither Evidence?
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Election Lesson Reverberates In N.C. District
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 2
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 3
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Report Roundup
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Science Gains Seen at 4th, 8th Grades
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 7
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 8
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 9
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Principals Work Nearly 60 Hours A Week, According to Study
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 11
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 12
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 13
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 14
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Guidance, Hurdles for ESSA’s ‘Well-Rounded Education’ Grant
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - SNAPSHOT: Tracking the Common Core
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 17
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Education’s Tenuous Toehold on 2016 Ballot
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 19
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 20
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 21
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - SAM WINEBURG AND SARAH McGREW: What Students Don’t Know About Fact-Checking
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - BY THE NUMBERS: What Do Budding Voters Think?
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 24
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - 27
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - MICHAEL J. FEUER: Whither Evidence?
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - November 2, 2016 - CT4