Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 8

Elizabeth Warren's
K-12 Plan Spotlights
Funding, Charters
By Andrew Ujifusa
and Evie Blad
Massachusetts senator and 2020
Democratic presidential candidate
Elizabeth Warren has proposed a K-12
education plan that includes $450 billion in new federal aid over 10 years
to disadvantaged students, increasing special education aid by $20 billion a year, and launching a crackdown on charter school expansions
and so-called "for-profit" charters.
In addition, she would direct billions of dollars a year in federal
money to promote public school integration, and aim to help 25,000
public schools transition to the community schools model, which provides health and other wraparound
services to help students and their
communities.
She also wants to eliminate "highstakes testing" and authorize a new
legal requirement that teachers can

organize and collectively bargain in
every state.
In "A Great Public School Education for Every Student" that her campaign released last week, Warren
also reiterated her previous pledge to
appoint a person with public school
teaching experience to be education secretary. She also wants to end
federal funding for charter school
expansion, and to allow only local
school districts to authorize charter
schools.

Political Lift
Warren's plan would require huge
changes in how the U.S. Department
of Education does business. Lawmakers would have to agree to revise
several key elements of the Every
Student Succeeds Act. It also sends
a clear signal to Democratic voters
and key power players in the party,
especially the teachers' unions, that

Warren is all in for traditional public
schools. Warren says she'd pay for her
plan through a new two-cent wealth
tax on fortunes over $50 million.
"As public school teachers across
the country know, our schools do
not have the financial resources they
need to deliver a quality public education for every child," Warren said in
a statement accompanying the plan.
In proposing a four-fold increase in
Title I aid for disadvantaged schools,
Warren is upping the ante on two of
her top primary rivals, Sen. Bernie
Sanders of Vermont and former Vice
President Joe Biden. Both of them
have proposed tripling Title I funding. To put it all in perspective, Title
I will get about $16 billion this year; a
spending bill passed by House Democrats last spring would increase that
by $1 billion, or 6.9 percent.
But Warren wants to do more on
Title I than just give it more money.
The plan says she is "committed to
working with public education leaders and school finance experts to improve the way the federal government
allocates this new Title I funding."
The four formulas that dictate Title I
spending have long been scrutinized
by everyone from school administrators to the federal government itself.
One of the main concerns is that the
funding in many cases does not actually reach the students it's intended

See Where White House Hopefuls
Stand on Issues That Affect You

Education Week's new, interactive
tracking tool gives you one-click
access to the education policy
positions of those running for
president on a range of key
subjects. Search by
candidate or by topic on
our easy-to-use site that
allows for quick, insightful
comparisons. We'll be
keeping it updated
throughout the 2020
presidential election cycle.

ELECTION TRACKER | edweek.org/education2020
8 | EDUCATION WEEK | October 30, 2019 | www.edweek.org

for. Warren also wants more transparency around Title I spending.
Warren's call for more special education funding touches on a longstanding sore spot: For decades, despite a requirement for the federal
government to pay for 40 percent of
the additional costs of providing special education to students, Congress
has not done so.

"

As public school
teachers across the
country know, our
schools do not have
the financial
resources they need
to deliver a quality
public education for
every child.
SEN. ELIZABETH WARREN
D-Mass.

Charter schools would be a big loser
under Warren's plan, just like in the
education plan proposed by Sanders.
In addition to cutting off the federal
funding for charter expansion that's
provided in Charter School Program
grants, Warren wants a ban on "forprofit" charter schools, a reference to
some charters that work with for-profit
organizations to help manage schools.
Making those proposals a reality,
however, would be a tall order. Some
charter critics say arrangements in
which for-profit companies that help
manage charters make those schools
"for-profit." Roughly 15 percent of
charters are managed that way, charter advocates say, and it's been left up
to states to determine such arrangements.
In a sign of how aggressive she
wants federal oversight of charters
to be, Warren said she would have
the Internal Revenue Service target
"nonprofit schools" (meaning charters) that she says are violating federal statutes for nonprofits.

Civil Rights Issues
Her plan also calls for expanding
states' and districts' ability to use
Title I funds for local integration efforts.
And she would address neighborhood segregation through a downpayment assistance program for residents of historically redlined areas
(neighborhoods in which people have
been denied services, such as bank
loans, on the basis of race) and a $10
billion competitive program states
and cities could use to build parks,
roads, and schools in exchange for
eliminating "the kinds of restrictive
zoning laws that can further racial
segregation."
To address racial discrimination in
schools, Warren wants to expand the

ability of students and families to sue
schools for racial discrimination if
policies disparately impact students
of color, not just for instances of intentional discrimination.
She would beef up the Education
Department's office for civil rights
and instruct federal investigators to
crack down on school policies and
practices that disproportionately affect students of color.
Like other Democratic candidates,
Warren pledges to restore guidance
on the rights of transgender students
that the Trump administration rescinded. Her civil rights promises
also extend to immigrant students,
English-language learners, and those
with disabilities.

Collective Bargaining Power
In the teacher arena, Warren reiterates her previously stated pledge to
boost teacher pay-which is largely
set at the state and local levels-by
encouraging states to better fund
teacher pay through their funding
formulas.
And she calls for the enactment of
the Public Service Freedom to Negotiate Act of 2019, which she has cosponsored. That bill would assert the
right of all public employees to collective bargaining.
Warren's plan says an additional
$50 billion in federal funding for
Historically Black Colleges and
Universities and Minority Serving
Institutions and plans to forgive student debt will help a broad swath of
teachers and also serve to promote
diversity in the profession, which is
largely white.
Two responses to Warren's plan
sum up the views of both its supporters and its critics.
American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten
hailed the blueprint, calling it "a
stark reversal of years of austerity
and failed quick-fix reforms," and
said it represented the kind of ideals
behind the current Chicago teachers' strike.
The teachers' union president said
Warren's plan is focused on both children and "on providing educators the
voice and supports they need as professionals to help their students learn
and thrive."
But Amy Wilkins, senior vice president of advocacy at the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, said
Warren's plan would "starve" charter
schools of funding and "destroy the
dreams of a quality education for the
families who need it most."
"Elizabeth Warren's unfortunate
rejection of the Obama legacy on
public charter schools is fundamentally at odds with her party," Wilkins
said.
ONLINE: Check out
Education Week's
exclusive interviews with
Democratic candidates Julián
Castro and Peter Buttigieg on
the Politics K-12 Blog.
www.edweek.org/go/
Castro-interview
www.edweek.org/go/
Buttigieg-interview


http://www.edweek.org/go/castro-interview http://www.edweek.org/go/castro-interview http://www.edweek.org/education2020 http://www.edweek.org/go/buttigieg-interview http://www.edweek.org/go/buttigieg-interview http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - October 30, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 30, 2019

Education Week - October 30, 2019
Deep in the Woods, a Test Of Leadership and Resolve
Minimum Wage Hikes Stress Districts
State Bans on Bilingual Ed. Nearly Extinct
Briefly Stated
Q&A: 5 Big Ed-Tech Problems And How to Solve Them
Later Starts: Do They Help?
What the Research Says
Elizabeth Warren’s K-12 Plan Spotlights Funding, Charters
Higher-Ed. Legislation Bubbling in Congress
Raising the Bar for Evidence In Education
An Educator’s Wisdom Is Evidence
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Science Fact vs. Science Fiction
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - State Bans on Bilingual Ed. Nearly Extinct
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 2
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 4
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Q&A: 5 Big Ed-Tech Problems And How to Solve Them
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 7
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Elizabeth Warren’s K-12 Plan Spotlights Funding, Charters
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Higher-Ed. Legislation Bubbling in Congress
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 10
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 11
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 12
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 13
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 14
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 15
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - An Educator’s Wisdom Is Evidence
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - 17
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - Science Fact vs. Science Fiction
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - October 30, 2019 - CW4
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