Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 14


Getty

Investments in Personalized Learning Rise,
But Research on Its Impact Is Lacking
BY BENJAMIN HEROLD
he K-12 sector is investing heavily in technology as a means
of providing students with a more customized educational
experience.
So far, though, the research evidence behind "personalized learning" remains thin.
The U.S. Department of Education has given half a billion dollars to districts that embrace the trend, with limited findings to date. Since 2009, the Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation has committed $300 million to support research and development
around personalized learning, but officials there say it's still "early days" for
the field. School and district leaders have helped turn personalized learning
into a multimillion-dollar market, but evaluations of their efforts remain scattered. (The Gates Foundation helps support Education Week's coverage of personalized learning.)
One big problem: proponents have struggled to define personalized learning,
let alone demonstrate its effectiveness. The purpose, tools, and instructional
techniques that make up the notion vary considerably, depending who you ask.
While a fair amount of research exists on specific personalization strategies,
such as the use of adaptive math software, the literature includes very little on
personalized learning as a comprehensive approach.
There are some bright spots. Researchers have found promising early signs
at some schools, and some software programs have been associated with significant improvements in student learning and engagement.
But so far, at least, such encouraging results are often highly dependent on
local context and how well a particular approach was implemented. That
makes it hard to draw sweeping conclusions.
For skeptics, those dynamics reflect a larger problem. Given the
unclear findings around personalization via technology, critics argue,
schools would be much better off investing in proven strategies that rely
on increased teacher-to-student interaction, such as smaller class sizes.
To better understand what the research on personalized learning
does-and doesn't-say, Education Week reviewed dozens of studies
and talked with experts from a range of fields.
The takeaway for school and district leaders?
Don't believe the hype-at least not yet.
"Personalized learning holds promise, but there's still a lot of work
to do to figure out how well this is working," said John F. Pane, a senior
scientist and the distinguished chair in education innovation at the
RAND Corp. "People who are thinking from a programmatic and
implementation point of view should not necessarily buy into
the advocacy around how great this is."

14

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THE GATES/RAND STUDIES
In 2015, Pane and his RAND colleagues undertook the field's
most comprehensive study to date. They found that 11,000 students at 62 schools trying out personalized-learning approaches
made greater gains in math and reading than similar students
at more traditional schools. The longer students experienced
"personalized-learning practices," the greater their achievement growth.
Those results captured the attention
of such luminaries as Facebook founder
Mark Zuckerberg, who cited the RAND
study as one of the reasons he's willing
to bet billions on personalized learning's future.
Also enthusiastic: Brad Bernatek, a
senior program officer who oversees
research for the Gates Foundation,
which funded RAND's research and
gave grants to the schools in their study.
"The results were encouraging, promising, and academically
meaningful for the students in
these schools," Bernatek said. But,
he quickly added, "they were by no
means definitive."
Indeed, some observers suggest the
Gates/RAND study doesn't actually say
much about whether the approach can
Brad Bernatek
work in typical K-12 environments.
Gates Foundation
One reason: The schools in the study
employed a wide range of instructional practices, many of which are also used at more traditional
schools (such as grouping students based on performance data.)
Furthermore, the schools in the study were mostly charters
that won competitive grants. Did students gain academically because their schooling was "personalized," or did they gain because they were in high-functioning schools that received extra
resources?
"I think it's still early days," Bernatek concluded. "That's the
biggest takeaway."

"

The results were
encouraging,
promising, and
academically
meaningful. [But]
they were by no
means definitive."



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 19, 2016

Education Week - October 19, 2016
Contents
Data Dive
From the Editor
Students Pinpoint What They Need
Investments in Personalized Learning Rise, but Research on Its Impact Is Lacking
q&a: Educational Innovation and Evaluation
Numbers to Watch
Rfps Reveal District, State Priorities
Socialemotonial Learning via Tech
Middle School Students Test Out Happify
8 ‘red Flags’ to Look for in Products
From the Archives: Checking Up on the Current Status of Personalized Learning Pioneers
This Issue Includes the Topschooljobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Education Week - October 19, 2016
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Cover2
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Contents
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 2
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 3
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Data Dive
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - From the Editor
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 6
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Students Pinpoint What They Need
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 8
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 9
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 10
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 11
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 12
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 13
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Investments in Personalized Learning Rise, but Research on Its Impact Is Lacking
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 15
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - q&a: Educational Innovation and Evaluation
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 17
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 18
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 19
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Numbers to Watch
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 21
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Rfps Reveal District, State Priorities
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 23
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Socialemotonial Learning via Tech
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 25
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 26
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 27
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Middle School Students Test Out Happify
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 8 ‘red Flags’ to Look for in Products
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 30
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - From the Archives: Checking Up on the Current Status of Personalized Learning Pioneers
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 32
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 33
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - This Issue Includes the Topschooljobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 35
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - 36
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Cover3
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - Cover4
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - S1
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - S2
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - S3
Education Week - October 19, 2016 - S4
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http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com