Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 7

To Root Out Racism in Schools,
Start With Who You Hire
Who principals hire is a powerful
lever for turning schools into
anti-racist institutions

Momentum for Change?

Over the last decade or so, schools have verbally
championed efforts to promote equity and stamp out
bias-even as data to support those claims have lagged. But

Kirsten Luce for Education Week

P

rincipal Marcia Carmichael-Murphy
and her leadership team put teachercandidates in the hot seat when they
interview them for a position at ColeridgeTaylor Montessori Elementary School
in Louisville, Ky. The school is in the
historically Black Russell neighborhood in
the city's West End.
The school leaders ask about cultural bias, community
wealth, and how prospective teachers will build positive
relationships with students. They pay attention to whether
candidates are comfortable even saying the word Black.
They drill down on how the candidates' worldviews will
impact their teaching styles and how they'd help students
feel like they belong at the school.
"If someone says, 'I don't see color,' that's the wrong
answer," said Carmichael-Murphy, who is mixed race.
But if the answer is, "'I didn't go to a school like this,' ... and
'I understand my experience is privileged and I have a lot to
learn'-I can work with that," Carmichael-Murphy added.
Those questions play a major role in helping CarmichaelMurphy, Assistant Principal LaRhonda Mathies, and Erica
E. Young, the restorative discipline coach, determine
whether teachers have the right mindset to work at
Coleridge-Taylor, where Carmichael-Murphy has spent the
last two years creating a learning environment with antibias and anti-racism at the core.
African Americans make up 71 percent of the enrollment,
while 20 percent of students are white. Five percent are two
or more races.
When Carmichael-Murphy arrived at the school in 2018,
it was on the verge of being labeled a "comprehensive
support and improvement" school, a designation for
schools that are among the lowest performing in the state.
Hiring, Carmichael-Murphy said, is one of the most
important levers of control that principals have to
transform schools into anti-racist institutions.
"If I can't pick the right people for the building and
maintain the right people - then I might as well just go
ahead and walk out," she said.

the onslaught of the coronavirus pandemic and the recent
killings of Black people this year-including George Floyd
in Minneapolis, Breonna Taylor in Louisville, and Ahmaud
Arbery in Georgia-have brought more urgency to confront
racist practices.
Many school leaders are now stepping up efforts to create
schools that are committed to actively rooting out bias and
racism. Some were already doing this piecemeal: ensuring
textbooks and curricula reflected student demographics,
working to reduce disparities in suspensions and other
disciplinary actions, and expanding culturally relevant
teaching practices.
But experts say school leaders need a more cohesive
thread to knit these disparate initiatives together to
transform the educational experiences and outcomes
for Black and brown students. School leaders need to be
explicit that they plan to eliminate biases and create more
opportunities for students of color to grow and thrive.
"Anti-racist leadership, on the one hand, disrupts
racialized patterns," said Decoteau J. Irby, an associate
professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, who works
with schools to transform culture and practices.
"In particular, it disrupts patterns that position white
norms, white culture, whiteness as superior to students
of color, Latinx students, Black students and so on. ...It's
leadership that creates more expansive opportunities and
access for students of color."
Those efforts must include hiring the right people,
creating a culture where students feel they belong and can
advocate for change, creating trusting environments for
teachers, parents, and students, and ensuring students

Dawn Brooks-DeCosta
is the principal of
Thurgood Marshall
Academy Lower School
in New York City. The
school has a strong
social justice mission,
rigorous curriculum,
and commitment
to celebrating Black
excellence.

By Denisa R.
Superville

GETTING SCHOOL CLIMATE RIGHT: A GUIDE FOR PRINCIPALS | 7



Education Week - October 14, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 14, 2020

Education Week - October 14, 2020
The Essential Traits Of a Positive School Climate
Exclusive Survey: What Educators Say About the Climate in Their Schools
To Root Out Racism in Schools, Start With Who You Hire
5 Ways Principals Can Establish a Strong School Climate
Opinion: What an Anti-Racist Principal Must Do
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - CW1
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - CW2
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - Education Week - October 14, 2020
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - C2
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 1
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 2
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - The Essential Traits Of a Positive School Climate
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - Exclusive Survey: What Educators Say About the Climate in Their Schools
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 5
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 6
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - To Root Out Racism in Schools, Start With Who You Hire
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 8
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - S1
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - S2
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - S3
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - S4
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 9
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 10
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 5 Ways Principals Can Establish a Strong School Climate
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 12
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 13
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - Opinion: What an Anti-Racist Principal Must Do
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 15
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 16
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - 17
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - C4
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - CW3
Education Week - October 14, 2020 - CW4
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