Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 8

Kindergarten Assessments Beginning to Shape Instruction
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

know what they should do with all
the data they're expected to collect.
And the assessments also raise concerns for some that they'll be used
for high-stakes purposes, like evaluating teachers or sorting children
into educational tracks.

Even as that debate continues the
assessments are a reality in most
states.
Schools such as Pleasant Grove
Elementary offer an example of
how these assessments can be
used well, teachers there say.
Moore and other educators said
the assessment prompted them to
put aside pacing guides and highly
structured instruction that didn't
allow time for other parts of child
development, which the kindergarten entry assessment outlined as
important.
The state department of education and its department of earlychildhood education have given
grants to seven Alabama schools,
including Pleasant Grove, to continue this work.
And the teachers say they appreciate being able to adjust their
methods as well. "Now you're free
to differentiate your instruction all
during the day," Moore said, incorporating reading, math, and other
academics into more active, developmentally appropriate learning.
As Pleasant Grove demonstrates, "We clearly have found
pockets of teachers and of schools
where they really understand how
to use these resources," said Richard Lambert, a professor in the
department of educational leadership at the University of North
Carolina-Charlotte.
Lambert, who also serves as the
director of the university's Center
for Educational Measurement and
Evaluation, has studied the use of
kindergarten entry assessments in
North Carolina and other states.
He is also a consultant to the company Teaching Strategies, which
created one of the most widely used
assessment of this type, Teaching
Strategies Gold. Nine states use
this measure to evaluate kindergarten students, or as part of their
state measure.
Lambert has conducted surveys
of teachers in North Carolina and
in other states. Getting teachers to
use the information the tests yield
and then to modify their teaching
based on it is no small task, he
said. Teachers are sometimes seeing these tests the way they see
end-of-the-year tests, rather than
as measures that are supposed to
be capturing a child's growth over
time.
There's also more variability
among teacher evaluations of child
skills than could be explained
by just differences among children,
Lambert said. That suggests that
while some teachers understand
how the measurement tool is
supposed to work, others need
more assistance in knowing just

Photos by Tamika Moore for Education Week

One School's Experience

FROM TOP: Twyla Plata, 5,
talks with student teacher
Emily Robertson while
playing in her kindergarten
classroom at Pleasant
Grove Elementary School
in Heflin, Ala.
Kindergarten students
Eric Lopez and Brayden
Contreras, both 5, play on
an iPad during their free
choice time at Pleasant
Grove.

"

Self-regulation and
social skills are ...
learned in school
just like reading and
math. ... If a kid was
struggling to read,
we would never say
they don't belong in
our classroom."
AMANDA WILLIFORD
University of Virginia

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | October 11, 2017 | www.edweek.org

how to evaluate children.
Kindergarten entry assessments
or inventories are not new, but
they received a big push through
the federal Race to the Top Early
Learning Challenge grants, which
required applicants to outline a
plan of how they were going to
use these assessments to promote
school readiness. The assessments
were required to measure "language and literacy, cognition and
general knowledge, approaches to
learning, physical well-being and
motor development, and socialemotional development," the grant
said.
The U.S. Department of Education
also had a different grant program
just to support state creation of kindergarten-entry assessments.
Researchers have raised questions about whether the assessments meet one goal of providing
an academic boost for students.
In 2016, the Regional Educational
Laboratory Northeast & Islands
wrote a report saying that using

kindergarten entry assessments
did not produce statistically significant improvements on students'
early reading or math skills.
But the students in that study
would have started school well
before the Education Department
started giving money to states to
create or improve their entry assessments.

Piloting Programs
In Virginia, about half of the
state's school divisions are piloting
a program called the Virginia Kindergarten Readiness Program. The
state already requires incoming
kindergartners to be measured on
preliteracy skills. The kindergartenreadiness program adds evaluations
of children's math, social, and selfregulation skills.
It also provides tools for teachers
if children show that they are lagging in those areas, said Amanda
Williford, an associate professor of
psychology at the University of Vir-

ginia, who developed the measure
and is working with districts in
implementing it.
"Self-regulation and social skills
are just as important, and it's the
same kind of skill as reading and
math," Williford said. "It's learned
in school, just like reading and math
are. If a kid was struggling to read,
we would never say they don't belong in our classroom."
Melita Ring, a kindergarten
teacher at Amelon Elementary
in Madison Heights, Va., said she
likes having the one-on-one time
with her students, and having resources to help students right at
her fingertips.
"They're giving you that opportunity to not only teach the children
who are struggling, but to learn
other ways of doing so," Ring said.
Karma Hugo, the director of
early learning for Washington
state, said this fall marks the first
statewide use of a kindergarten
entry assessment, called Washington Kindergarten Inventory
of Developing Skills, or WaKIDS.
The rollout has been rocky, she acknowledged, as teachers learned
how to make meaningful use of the
information.
But it has already borne useful
results, Hugo said. For example, the
findings helped some teachers realize they were asking more in terms
of social-emotional growth of their
young students than is appropriate for kindergarten-age students.
Other findings have helped schools
realize that their incoming students
needed more math support.
"Many of the bumps that we've
encountered have ultimately
shined lights on opportunities for
improvement," Hugo said.


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 11, 2017

Education Week - October 11, 2017
DeVos’ Voice Squelched Amid Critics
Kindergarten Assessments Start to Bear Fruit
Does The Cat in the Hat Sustain Racist Stereotypes?
States Skip Out on Social-Emotional Measures for ESSA
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Even as Schools Reopen, Storm Recovery Remains Painful
Schools Pick Up the Pieces After Twitter Accounts Hacked
Ruling Sends Kansas Back To Square One on K-12 Funding
Could Democrats, Trump Team Up on K-12 Issues?
Budget Tangles Ensnare Key Early-Childhood Programs
Steven C. Teske: School Resource Officers Aren’t Disciplinarians
John Rosiak: 5 Guiding Principles For Cops in Schools
Andrew Wilkes & Scott Warren: Civics Education Shouldn’t Put Students to Sleep
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Peter W. Cookson Jr: 10 Disruptions That Will Jump-Start the Next Education Revolution
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - States Skip Out on Social-Emotional Measures for ESSA
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 2
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 3
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 5
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Even as Schools Reopen, Storm Recovery Remains Painful
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Schools Pick Up the Pieces After Twitter Accounts Hacked
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 8
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 9
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 10
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Could Democrats, Trump Team Up on K-12 Issues?
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Budget Tangles Ensnare Key Early-Childhood Programs
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 13
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - John Rosiak: 5 Guiding Principles For Cops in Schools
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Andrew Wilkes & Scott Warren: Civics Education Shouldn’t Put Students to Sleep
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 16
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 17
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 19
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Peter W. Cookson Jr: 10 Disruptions That Will Jump-Start the Next Education Revolution
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW4
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