Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 20

COMMENTARY

14

SCHOOL RESOURCE
OFFICERS AREN'T
DISCIPLINARIANS

14

15

CIVICS EDUCATION
SHOULDN'T PUT
STUDENTS TO SLEEP

5 GUIDING PRINCIPLES
FOR COPS IN SCHOOLS

10 Disruptions That Will Jump-Start
The Next Education Revolution

T

By Peter W. Cookson Jr.
he idea that machines are
smarter than humans has
inspired a library of sciencefiction stories and movies.
What often happens when intelligent machines and ordinary humans cross cognitive
swords? Humans lose. We
weaker and dumber creatures are no match
for machines that are out-thinking us at
every turn, taking away our jobs, and planning to establish a dictatorship of computers.
As much fun as these dire scenarios are to
imagine, they are false. In fact, the development of advanced artificial intelligence, or
superintelligence, opens up doors to discoveries never before imagined. While opinions
vary about the speed with which superintelligence will develop, there is little doubt
that within the next decade, the cognitive
landscape will be very different than it is
today.
The "thinking machines" predicted by
computer scientist Alan Turing in the 1950s
are already part of the education landscape.
Adaptive learning enhanced by AI, virtual
reality, and e-learning gives students experiences their parents never had. Today's students may be technologically savvy, but moving from distraction to deep learning is one of
our most pressing education challenges.
Nobody has a crystal ball, but everyone can
see that the world is changing at warp speed.
Through my research of blended learning and
equity in education, I have heard many educators say that it's time to seize the future.
Here is my take on the 10 disruptions that
will revolutionize education in the coming
years:
1. Digital learners will rebel against
intellectual conformity.
Digital natives live in two worlds-the
physical one and the lightening-fast virtual
one of the internet. They are interactive and
hands-on learners; they tend to be more interested in solutions than reflection. Many are
less linear in their thinking, multitask easily,
and often have short attention spans. Much
of schooling is constructed around conformity
and standardization, but digital natives will
force educators to break out of that box.
2. Learning avatars will become commonplace.
Avatars-virtual images representing
humans-can serve as an online proxy for
in-person narrators, experts, and mentors.
Because of advanced software, avatars can
adapt to the personalized learning needs of
students. Take, for instance, a student who
is struggling with basic math principles:
An avatar can be customized to reinforce
specific skills in a way that empowers a
student without publicly calling them out.

Michael Glenwood for Education Week

3. Participatory-learning hubs will replace isolated classrooms.
A school that fully embraces 21st-century intelligence will serve in a connected, global network of learning institutions. Teachers and students will spend less time sitting in their seats
and more time networking with an international web of co-learners. Students from around
the world will work together to solve problems
using the power of collective intelligence.
4. Inquiry skills will drive learning.
In an age when knowledge is growing exponentially through scientific and technological
breakthroughs, big ideas will dominate the
education landscape. Teachers will need new
pedagogies and curricula for their students
that emphasize problem-solving, higher-order
skills, access to machine intelligence, teamwork, and lifelong learning.

20 | EDUCATION WEEK | October 11, 2017 | www.edweek.org/go/commentary

"

Students will
need autonomy
and freedom to
customize their
own education."

5. Capacities will matter more than
grades.
Conventional grading is already becoming
outdated. What a student can do rather than
what she or he can remember will be the new
standard of achievement in the age of the creative economy.
6. Teachers will become inventors.
In the near future, hopefully, all educators will have internalized the importance
of social-emotional learning. Teachers will be
empowered to create learning environments
that are focused on the relationship between
cognition, emotional well-being, and inventive
thinking.
7. School leaders will give up their
desks.
The next generation of school leaders will
be less wedded to traditional practices. Students will need autonomy and freedom to
customize their own education, so top-down
leadership will be replaced by student agency
in a culture of mutual respect.
8. Students and families will become
co-learners and co-creators.
Participatory education means little if students and families are pushed to the side.
Families will no longer be shut out of the
learning process. They will be seen as full
partners in their children's education.
9. Formal credentials will no longer be
the Holy Grail.
For decades, graduating from college has
been considered the goal for which nearly all
students should strive. But in the coming era,
competencies will matter more than formal
credentials. While college will remain important, there should be the option for professional portfolios demonstrating not only what
students have learned but what they will
learn. Employers will increasingly seek job
applicants that can think for themselves, are
intrinsically motivated and team-oriented,
and exhibit resilience and determination.
10. Policymakers will form communities of continuous improvement.
Policymakers will become the vanguard of
education transformation. Stuffy panels and
unread reports will be replaced by innovative think tanks where, along with the input
of communities, new ideas will be developed,
tested, and implemented.
If education stays stuck in the past, generations of students will be miseducated. They
won't be equipped to thrive in a world of new
ideas and technologies. The current task of
educators should be to embrace these changes
with an open mind and consider how new disruptions can aid, rather than hinder, learning
for all students. n
PETER W. COOKSON JR. is a professor of sociology
and education policy at Georgetown University and
a senior researcher at the Learning Policy Institute,
based in Palo Alto, Calif.


http://www.edweek.org/go/commentary

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 11, 2017

Education Week - October 11, 2017
DeVos’ Voice Squelched Amid Critics
Kindergarten Assessments Start to Bear Fruit
Does The Cat in the Hat Sustain Racist Stereotypes?
States Skip Out on Social-Emotional Measures for ESSA
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Even as Schools Reopen, Storm Recovery Remains Painful
Schools Pick Up the Pieces After Twitter Accounts Hacked
Ruling Sends Kansas Back To Square One on K-12 Funding
Could Democrats, Trump Team Up on K-12 Issues?
Budget Tangles Ensnare Key Early-Childhood Programs
Steven C. Teske: School Resource Officers Aren’t Disciplinarians
John Rosiak: 5 Guiding Principles For Cops in Schools
Andrew Wilkes & Scott Warren: Civics Education Shouldn’t Put Students to Sleep
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Peter W. Cookson Jr: 10 Disruptions That Will Jump-Start the Next Education Revolution
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - States Skip Out on Social-Emotional Measures for ESSA
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 2
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 3
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 5
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Even as Schools Reopen, Storm Recovery Remains Painful
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Schools Pick Up the Pieces After Twitter Accounts Hacked
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 8
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 9
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 10
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Could Democrats, Trump Team Up on K-12 Issues?
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Budget Tangles Ensnare Key Early-Childhood Programs
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 13
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - John Rosiak: 5 Guiding Principles For Cops in Schools
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Andrew Wilkes & Scott Warren: Civics Education Shouldn’t Put Students to Sleep
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 16
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 17
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - 19
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - Peter W. Cookson Jr: 10 Disruptions That Will Jump-Start the Next Education Revolution
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - October 11, 2017 - CW4
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