Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 5

Good Common-Core Test Scores in S.D.
Get Automatic Entry Into College
South Dakota will guarantee students automatic
admission to state colleges and universities based
on their scores on the Smarter Balanced assessment.
The new policy marks the first time a state higher
education system has decided to use the scores from
the Smarter Balanced exam, which is linked to the
Common Core State Standards, to grant students
automatic acceptance if they reach a qualifying score.
In South Dakota, 11th grade students who score
at Level 3 or 4 in English and math on the four-level
test, or earn an ACT composite score of 18, are guaranteed "general acceptance" to the state's six public
universities and four technical institutes. General
acceptance means that students might have to meet
additional requirements to pursue specific majors.
-CATHERINE GEWERTZ

N.Y.C. Student Kills Classmate, Wounds
A Second During History Class
A high school student who police said felt bullied
by two classmates attacked them with a switchblade
during history class last week, killing one boy and
gravely wounding another, police said.
Fifteen to 20 students witnessed the attack. After
leaving the classroom, Abel Cedeno, 18, handed the
bloodied knife to a school counselor he met in the
hall, then went to an assistant principal's office and
quietly waited for authorities to arrive, police said.
The dead student, identified as Matthew McCree,
15, was stabbed in the chest. A 16-year-old was
stabbed in the chest and side and was hospitalized
in critical but stable condition.
It was the first homicide inside a New York City
school since 1993.
-AP

Education Secretary Lands at Bottom
Of Favorability Ratings in Poll
A public-opinion survey released last week reported
that 28 percent of those polled have a very or somewhat favorable view of U.S. Secretary of Education
Betsy DeVos, while 29 percent have a very unfavorable view of her.
The National Consult/Politico online poll, which

Obituary

WILLIAM F. "BILL"
GOODLING, a former teacher,
principal, and superintendent
who became one of the most
influential members of
Congress on education policy
during his 13 terms in the
House of Representatives, died
Sept. 17 at his York, Pa., home.
After spending more than
20 years as the ranking
Republican on the House
education committee, he
became its chairman when
the GOP took control of the
House in 1994.
Under Goodling's leadership,
Congress enacted sweeping
reauthorizations of major
education laws such as the
Higher Education Act and the
Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act. But he was
dismayed that lawmakers
failed to reauthorize the
Elementary and Secondary
Education Act despite years
of effort.
Goodling fought for more
special education funding
and led successful efforts
to block a new national
testing program proposed
by President Bill Clinton in
1997. He also fought back
proposals to enact private
school vouchers and to scrap
the federal Department of
Education.
He retired from Congress
in early 2001; later that
year, lawmakers passed the
No Child Left Behind Act,
incorporating many measures
championed by Goodling.
-

MARK WALSH

Ben Margot/AP

criminal conduct and law-enforcement involvement,"
Alex Liuzzi, the board's interim executive director, said
in a statement.
But law-enforcement authorities say the board is
not capable of making such determinations and is
putting students at risk.
-AP

dealt with the popularity of President Donald
Trump's Cabinet members and various policy and
political issues, found that a higher percentage of
those polled gave DeVos a "very unfavorable" rating
than any other Cabinet member included in the poll.
DeVos, a longtime champion of school choice, became a lightning rod for controversy during and after
her January confirmation hearing before the Senate
education committee. She has also drawn criticism
for a number of her remarks, including her comments on the role of historically black colleges and
universities.
-ANDREW UJIFUSA

School Coaches Could Face Liability
For Student-Athlete Concussions
A federal appeals court has ruled that coaches
or other school personnel may be liable when they
expose student-athletes to further harm by having
them return to play after a suspected concussion.
The unanimous decision by a three-judge panel in
Philadelphia is significant amid the growing concern
about concussions in football and other youth sports.
But that holding did not help revive the legal claims
of a Pennsylvania high school football player who experienced two separate "helmet to helmet" hits during
a practice in 2011 and later suffered traumatic brain
injury. His coach told the court he had been unaware
of the hits and the player's injuries.
In its ruling last month, the court said a coach at a
public school may be held liable when the coach requires a player who shows signs of a concussion "to
continue to be exposed to violent hits." But the court
went on to hold that students' rights to be protected
were not clearly established in 2011, and thus the
coach was immune from liability.
-MARK WALSH

PARENT INVOLVEMENT

EARLY EDUCATION

JUVENILE JUSTICE

"Parent and Family Involvement in Education:
Results from the National Household
Education Surveys Program of 2016"

"The Effects of Accountability Incentives in
Early-Childhood Education"

"Supporting Pathways to Long-Term Success
for Systems-Involved Youth: Lessons Learned"

Child-care centers in North Carolina
improved and parents sought out higherrated centers, according to a new paper on
the state's quality-rating and improvement
system.
The working paper, released by the National Bureau of Economic Research,
showed that North Carolina centers on the
cusp of earning a higher rating tended to
make the changes necessary to get that designation. Lower-rated programs saw enrollment drops.
The effects were concentrated in the parts
of the state where many early-childhood
programs compete for students. In other
areas with fewer providers, receiving a low
rating didn't have much of an effect on a
child-care program.
-CHRISTINA A. SAMUELS

Students who get involved with the childwelfare or juvenile justice systems can be
particularly at risk of falling off track academically, but interventions that bring in community supports can help buffer them, finds a new
American Youth Policy Forum report.
The most-effective programs for vulnerable
students, particularly those who have experienced both the foster-care and juvenile justice
systems, are those that:
* Explicitly seek and use students' voices;
* Provide comprehensive supports during
transitions, such as when a student ages out
of foster care or leaves a correctional facility;
* And align data, supports, and policies from
all the different groups that serve students,
from the schools they attend to employment
agencies.
-SDS

Poor and wealthier families get involved at
school differently, according to new data from
the 2016 federal Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey, a nationally representative study of 14,000 parents of children
in K-12 public, private, or home schools.
Parents in poverty were 20 percentage
points or more less likely to participate in
class fundraising, volunteer or serve on a
school committee, or attend class events such
as field trips, which can help families build
more social supports for their children and
leverage within a school. However, a higher
percentage of children in poverty always had
an adult check that their homework was completed, 72 percent versus 65 percent of children who were not poor.
-SARAH D. SPARKS

Members of the Oakland Unified School District's
Honor Band in California kneel while performing the
national anthem prior to a baseball game between
the Seattle Mariners and the Oakland Athletics.

Anthem Protests,
Teachable Moment
If the past is any indicator, public schools
are about to offer a big learning opportunity
about the First Amendment, sparked by
tension between President Donald Trump
and professional athletes over game-day
protests surrounding the national anthem.
And that teachable moment is anything
but academic.
Whatever educators' personal views on
current protests, courts have ruled in the
past that schools can't force students into
acts of patriotism.
In the 1943 case of West Virginia State
Board of Education v. Barnette, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a school would violate the free speech rights of its student, a
Jehovah's Witness, if it forced him to say the
Pledge of Allegiance.
Schools' authority to discipline students
for such protests isn't heightened if those
students are taking part in a privilege, like
being members of a football team, Frank
LoMonte, the former executive director of
the Student Press Law Center, told Education Week last year when the first-round of
such protests spread into classrooms.

Real-World Lessons
Meanwhile, some teachers see the most
recent round of protests as real-world content for the classroom.
Ashley Johnson, a U.S. History, government, and economics high school teacher in
the Wharton school district in Texas, seized
on the recent protests by football players
kneeling for the national anthem to have
students debate the topic using well-crafted
arguments. She provided students with
news articles about the protests and summaries of Supreme Court rulings on First
Amendment issues.
"I told them every argument you make
has to be supported by something in this
packet," she said.
Tracy Gamache, a teacher in the CoronaNorco district in Riverside, Calif., used
singer John Legend's editorial in the magazine Slate, which argues that the protests
are patriotic, as a good example of how an
argumentative essay is put together.
But teachers also know they're treading
on sensitive ground in using such volatile
topics as classroom material.
"I keep my perspective out of it, unless
I'm directly asked," Gamache said. "And I'm
very clear that we can disagree through arguments, but we do not attack people in our
classroom."
-EVIE BLAD & STEPHEN SAWCHUK



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 4, 2017

Education Week - October 2, 2017
States Are Making It Easier To Transfer Teacher Licenses
Union Fees Again Reach High Court
Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Are Selectivity and Diversity Competing Goals for Teaching?
Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
K-12 Budget Woes Dog States As School Year Advances
DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Arts Education: A Look Ahead Researchers, professors, and practitioners make their case for the future of the discipline
Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Howard Gardner & Ellen Winner: We Still Have So Much More to Learn
Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 5
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 13
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 17
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 19
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 21
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 27
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW4
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