Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 19

A Wide-Ranging Policy Discussion With Betsy DeVos
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 14

I think that's a really good phrase
for me to keep in mind."
There are rumors that President
Donald Trump called the secretary
to the White House recently to tell
her the tax-credit scholarship wasn't
going to happen this year. DeVos declined to confirm those rumors. She
believes the president continues to
share her commitment to choice.
For now, it sounds like DeVos will
be relying on another important tool
of her office-the bully pulpit-to put
a focus on states, schools, and districts that are using choice in a way
she thinks is working for students.
She is stressing "tours like [the
one] we did this week to really highlight and expose to more people the
beauty of options and choices," she
said. DeVos said she would "continue to make the case that all parents, not only ones that have the
economic means, should be able to
have a decision-making power to
make some of those choices."
And she said she's encouraged by
recent action on school choice at the
state level.
"The reality is that most of the
momentum around this, and frankly
most of the funding around it, comes
at the state level," DeVos said. "More
and more states are adopting programs that embrace a wide range
of choices. And I expect that to continue apace."

DeVos is convinced that what
schools want and need is more autonomy. DeVos has visited more
than a dozen public schools since
taking office. And in talking to
teachers, parents, and school officials, she said she's learned that,
"there's a higher than average level
of frustration around the inability
to really try to do things differently
... In too many places there isn't the
kind of autonomy at a building level
to really kind of break out of [the]
mold and do things differently to
meet students' needs."
It's less clear, though, if DeVos
sees federal policy as the right lever
to give teachers and school officials
the leeway she thinks they're looking for. The solution, she said, is, "to
really help create the environment
and encourage states to create the
environment that these kinds of
schools can grow and happen."

ESSA Implementation
DeVos said she wishes that ESSA
had even more flexibility for states.
She encouraged states to "go right
up to the line; test how far it takes
to get over it."
"The legislation is lengthy and
has way too many subparts that are
more prescriptive than they need to
be," DeVos said. (She did not offer
specific examples.) "But, that being
said, I'm encouraged that there are
opportunities for states to really

implement ESSA in a way that does
allow a lot more creativity and flexibility, and I'm encouraging states
to do so and not to err on the side
of caution, but to really push and go
up to the line, test how far it takes
to go over it."
Asked about New Hampshire and
Arizona, which have passed state
laws that some experts say don't
mesh with federal testing requirements in ESSA, DeVos said those
states can do their own thing at the
state level, but must follow the law.
"Everybody has to comply with
the law," DeVos said. "I'm going to
approve every plan that complies
with the law. Now, they can have
their own requirements within the
state that they decide to act upon,
but from a federal perspective as
long as they comply with the law,
they're going to be approved."

Civil Rights
DeVos doesn't think the Trump
administration's decision to rescind
the Obama administration's guidance on transgender students and
bathrooms and its new process for
considering civil rights complaints
will weaken protections for vulnerable students.
"We made it really clear that we're
going to continue to investigate and to
address any concern that's brought to
the department that involves discrimination of students, and we're commit-

ted to that because we're committed
to helping to ensure that students
have a safe and nurturing environment in which to learn," she said.

funded it at the level they committed
to when the law was passed. And I
think that is something that should
be reviewed on a regular basis."

Special Education

Teacher Issues

DeVos said Congress needs to take
a close look at both the funding levels for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the main federal
law for students in special education, and the requirements in the
law for school districts and states.
"I think Congress needs to seriously look at the commitment they
made when passing the act to fund
it," she said. "I think there has to
be a review of the act and all of the
mandates put on states. It doesn't
match up with the funding. I think
that there's opportunity to support
parents whose kids are using an
[individualized education program],
or have an IEP to allow them more
flexibility in making decisions
around their child's education, and
I think that certainly is an area
that should be reviewed regularly
by Congress."
DeVos did not, however, commit
to pushing for full funding of IDEA,
which would mean the federal government would pick up 40 percent
of the excess cost of educating a student in special education.
"I'm not advocating one way or another right now," she said. "I'm just
saying it's clear that Congress has not

DeVos defended the president's
decision to propose the elimination
of Title II, the main federal program
for teacher quality.
The program is "much too prescriptive and was really shown to
not have any real effect or impact,"
DeVos said. (State chiefs and many
teachers beg to differ.) States, she
said, can use other federal funding
for teacher development.
And she doesn't expect that the
Trump administration will push
districts to adopt performance pay,
even though the president campaigned on it.
"I think mandating a one-sizefits-all approach from the federal
level is not something I'm seeking to pursue," DeVos said. "And I
don't believe the president [would]
embrace that either. [She favors]
encouraging states to look at how
[they] are respecting the teaching
profession and how much autonomy
[teachers have] to make decisions in
their schools and in their classrooms. ... I do think that great
teachers should be really well compensated and teachers that are not
effective should not be in classrooms."

EDUCATION WEEK | October 4, 2017 | www.edweek.org | 19


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 4, 2017

Education Week - October 2, 2017
States Are Making It Easier To Transfer Teacher Licenses
Union Fees Again Reach High Court
Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Are Selectivity and Diversity Competing Goals for Teaching?
Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
K-12 Budget Woes Dog States As School Year Advances
DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Arts Education: A Look Ahead Researchers, professors, and practitioners make their case for the future of the discipline
Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Howard Gardner & Ellen Winner: We Still Have So Much More to Learn
Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 5
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 13
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 17
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 19
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 21
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 27
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW4
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