Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 15

DeVos Gives Schools Options on Handling of Sexual Assault
Obama-era policy
scrapped
By Evie Blad
The U.S. Department of Education withdrew Obama-era guidance
on Title IX and sexual assault at
schools and college campuses late
last month, and released interim
guidance while it seeks public
input to inform a new policy "that
better serves students and schools."
While discussions on the sexual
assault guidance have largely focused on its effects on college and
universities, advocates for sexual
assault victims said moves by
U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy
DeVos to revise the directive could
affect K-12 schools, too.
The Obama administration created the guidance in response to
concerns that colleges and universities weren't doing enough to address the problem of sexual assault
in higher education settings.
But the directive helped clarify
the responsibilities of educational
institutions at all levels, advocates
said. That clarity benefited K-12
schools, which have often lagged in
their responsibilities to investigate
assaults, to appoint Title IX coordinators, and to ensure that survivors of such incidents are free from

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fear and harassment from perpetrators, said Neena Chaudhry, the
director of education for the National Women's Law Center, which
supported the guidance.
"There was enough attention on
the issue that schools were finally
trying to get it right," she said.
Release of the guidance under
Obama was followed by an uptick
in Title IX complaints, including
dozens at elementary and secondary schools.
Whatever changes DeVos ultimately makes, advocates fear that
revisions-coupled with a shifting
approach to education civil rights
under the Trump administration-
could cause school districts to deprioritize compliance with Title IX
after a time of great momentum on
the issue, Chaudry said.

Interim Guidelines
Others praised DeVos' actions,
saying clarity is needed to protect
the due process rights of those accused of sexual assault.
The 2011 Obama directive detailed how, under Title IX's provisions about sexual harassment,
schools and higher education institutions should work to respond to
acts of sexual violence-both those
that occur on campus and those
that happen off campus but affect
the school environment. Schools

have an independent responsibility under Title IX to investigate
complaints of harassment and assault apart from separate criminal
investigations led by law enforcement, the guidance said. And they
could take action if a "preponderance of evidence" showed that a
violation occurred, which is a lower
standard than is used in criminal
matters.
The interim guidance DeVos
released does not require schools
to use that lower standard of evidence. The standard of evidence
schools use in a sexual assault
case need only be "consistent with
the standard the school applies in
other student misconduct cases,"
the new guidance says.
Some conservative groups have
said the Obama-era guidelines
led to "kangaroo courts" on college
campuses, where the rights of the
accused were not respected. Advocates said it created a balance in
power between accusers and those
who'd been accused and that problems highlighted by critics were
often due to poor implementation.
DeVos said the Education Department would update the guidance
after seeking public input.
"In order to ensure that America's schools employ clear, equitable, just, and fair procedures that
inspire trust and confidence, we
will launch a notice-and-comment

Building Buy-In for New
Educational Initiatives:
How Leaders Get
Schools Involved

process to incorporate the insights
of all parties in developing a better way," DeVos said. "We will seek
public feedback and combine institutional knowledge, professional
expertise, and the experiences of
students to replace the current approach with a workable, effective,
and fair system."

K-12 Obligations
A touchstone Title IX case centers on K-12 schools. In the 1999
Davis v. Monroe County Board of
Education case, the U.S. Supreme
Court sided with the family of a
5th grade girl who argued that
her school district had violated her
right to equal educational opportunities when it did not adequately
respond to sexual harassment from
another student.
Similarly, K-12 schools are obligated to address students' concerns
about assault and harassment, even
if the accused is not found criminally liable, Chaudry said. Those
responses might include moving
students into different classes so
they don't have to interact with each
other. And that doesn't always happen, she said.
"We have seen many many cases of
schools at the K-12 level completely
abandoning their Title IX obligations,
not following them at all," Chaudry
said. She cited a recent lawsuit in

which the National Women's Law
Center asserts that a Pennsylvania
district encouraged a female student
to enroll in an alternative school
rather than separate her from an exboyfriend who she said was harassing her.
Some K-12 education groups, including the National School Boards
Association, have been involved in
discussions with DeVos about the
Title IX guidance. At the time the
Obama-era directive was released,
NSBA General Counsel Francisco
Negrón had some concerns.
"Offering districts guidance
that's useful ... can help them keep
students safe," he told Education
Week at the time. But it also raises
some questions, he said.
"Our concerns are that the requirements of the law not be interpreted in an overly expansive
way," he said. "Do you treat every
incident of sexual violence as inherently creating a hostile environment?"
Negrón said districts also need
more clarification on when an offcampus episode rises to the level of
requiring school district action.
"Say the allegations haven't been
proven," he said. "It's not clear from
the department's guidance what the
district's responsibility would be. We
don't want [school districts'] measured decisions chilled by fear of
litigation."

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THURSDAY, OCT. 12, 2017 * 2 TO 3 P.M. ET
www.edweek.org/go/webinar/BuyIn
From creating a culture of high expectations
to providing job satisfaction amongst faculty,
this webinar will cover the steps to take and the
questions to ask to get schools involved.
GUESTS
* KATIE COLLIER, associate superintendent of
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School District, Lee's Summit, Mo.
* ANNE STICHNOTH, curriculum specialist,
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MODERATOR
* KAREN INGRAM, national education
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Content provided by

EDUCATION WEEK | October 4, 2017 | www.edweek.org | 15


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - October 4, 2017

Education Week - October 2, 2017
States Are Making It Easier To Transfer Teacher Licenses
Union Fees Again Reach High Court
Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Are Selectivity and Diversity Competing Goals for Teaching?
Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
K-12 Budget Woes Dog States As School Year Advances
DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Arts Education: A Look Ahead Researchers, professors, and practitioners make their case for the future of the discipline
Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Howard Gardner & Ellen Winner: We Still Have So Much More to Learn
Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Education Advisers Say White House Has Ignored Them
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 5
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Independent Charters Aim to Elevate Their Status
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - In Devastated Puerto Rico, Reopening of Schools Is Far Off
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Teachers Found to Miss More Work In Regular Schools Than in Charters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Math, Reading Hurdles Drawing Joint Scrutiny
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Growing Numbers of States Embrace Career Education
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: From Theory to Practice, Hurdles for Personalized Learning
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - New SAT Results Hard to Gauge
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 13
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Expounds on Policy In One-on-One Interview
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - DeVos Gives Schools Options On Handling of Sexual Assault
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Watch List: High Court, 2017-18 Term
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 17
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Scenes From DeVos’ ‘Rethink School’ Tour
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 19
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - State ESSA Plans: One-Stop Guide
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 21
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Susan Riley: The ‘A’ in STEAM Completes the Puzzle
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Jay P. Greene: Arts Integration Is a Sucker’s Game
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Emily Gasoi & Sonya Robbins Hoffmann: For the Future, Arts Assessment Is Indispensable
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - 27
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - Mariale Hardiman: Asking the Right Questions for a Creative Future
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - October 4, 2017 - CW4
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