Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 4

ESSA Clears Out Underbrush On School Improvement Path F The new federal education law gives states and districts a freer hand in fixing their lowest-performing schools, but questions loom on whether that leeway will translate into better outcomes or more than a decade, states and districts have had to consider off-the-shelf, federally prescribed interventions for many schools in which students weren't meeting expectations. That's about to change. The new Every Student Succeeds Act, the latest revision of the nation's main K-12 education law, gives local leaders a freer hand when it comes to fixing their lowest-performing schools, those with serious dropout problems, and schools that are doing well overall but where a particular group of students might be struggling. Instead of choosing from a list of federal options as they had to do under the previous version of the law, the No Child Left Behind Act, districts and even schools will be able to cook up their own improvement strategies, as long as there is evidence to back up their approaches. By ALYSON KLEIN State and district officials are hoping the changes under ESSA-which goes into full effect in the 2017-18 school year-will spur fresh thinking when it comes to improving student performance and give educators a greater sense of ownership over school improvement efforts, even as they work through tricky implementation issues. The new, locally-driven approach "reflects a significant opportunity for states to step back and [to] inventory what has really worked over the last decade," John White, Louisiana's education commissioner, said in an interview. But, he added, "Any reasonable observer would be concerned about the capacity issues, given the enormity of the challenge." In particular, he said, rural districts may not be able to tap support from nonprofit organizations and other outside partners that might have special expertise the district lacks, as readily as their urban counterparts. What's more, big questions loom about exactly how the new flexibility will play out. How much running room will states end up giving their districts? How exactly will ESSA's requirement that school improvement interventions be backed up by evidence play out in practice? And will more local leeway actually translate to better outcomes for students? U.S. Secretary of Education John B. King Jr., for one, sees reasons to be optimistic about the change. He said in an interview that the law's approach to school improvement has the potential to be a "game changer" in that it gives districts and schools room to maneuver, while still focusing on strategies that have the potential to yield student-achievement dividends. The U.S. Department of Education will be at the ready to 4 | Fresh Thinking Education Week * September 28, 2016 assist states and districts in vetting improvement strategies, King said. He ticked off a list of interventions that could hold promise, including expanding early-childhood education, dual enrollment, and positive behavioral interventions and supports, or PBIS, a tiered approach to student behavior. "There's an opportunity for states and districts to implement smart and well-supported strategies that make a difference," he said. But if a plan or program isn't getting the desired results, districts and schools need to be prepared to step up their efforts or change course, King added. "If they're not effective, districts have a responsibility to intensify those interventions." When it comes to school improvement, ESSA's locallydriven approach represents a U-turn from both the NCLB law (which was the previous version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act) and from the Obama administration's waivers from the mandates of that law. The NCLB law called for schools that repeatedly missed achievement targets, set by the state under the law's framework, to allow students to transfer to a betterperforming school or to access free tutoring. Few parents took advantage of those opportunities. For instance, by the 2011-12 school year, just 10.9 percent of eligible students nationally were receiving free tutoring, and just 1.1 percent of students took advantage of public school choice, according to the Education Department. Also under that law, schools that failed to make progress for years on end were supposed to be subject to serious penalties, such as state takeover or charter conversion. But the vast majority of states opted for other interventions, such as deploying school support teams, and performance at many schools continued to lag. Flipping the Script The Obama administration's waivers, issued in 2012, flipped that script, giving states and districts greater say over what kinds of interventions were used for most schools. But the waivers still called for dramatic change in the lowest-performing schools, including removing significant numbers of staff members or turning the school into a charter. Local officials found the whole regimen too prescriptive- and the impact on student outcomes was decidedly mixed. ESSA, on the other hand, embraces the philosophy that local district officials are in the best position to figure out what their schools need to do to improve. The new law essentially asks states to divide struggling schools into two buckets. Schools that fall in the bottom 5 percent of performers in a state, those where less than two-thirds of stu-

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 28, 2016

Education Week - September 28, 2016
Contents
ESSA Clears Out Underbrush On School Improvement Path
Finding Evidence-Based Fixes for Schools
Assuring Needy Groups Aren’t Overlooked
Inside a District’s ‘Transformation Zone’
Lessons From a ‘Hidden Gem’ In Alabama
Tackling Climate, Behavior to Make Gains
At Vt. Schools, A Look Under the Hood
Calif. Agency’s Goal: Bolster District Role
Loosening the Reins On Improvement Aid
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Education Week - September 28, 2016
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Cover2
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Contents
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 2
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 3
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - ESSA Clears Out Underbrush On School Improvement Path
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 5
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 6
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 7
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Finding Evidence-Based Fixes for Schools
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 9
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Assuring Needy Groups Aren’t Overlooked
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 11
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 12
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 13
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 14
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 15
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Inside a District’s ‘Transformation Zone’
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 17
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 18
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 19
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 20
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 21
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 22
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 23
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Lessons From a ‘Hidden Gem’ In Alabama
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 25
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 26
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 27
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 28
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Tackling Climate, Behavior to Make Gains
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 30
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - At Vt. Schools, A Look Under the Hood
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Calif. Agency’s Goal: Bolster District Role
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 33
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 34
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Loosening the Reins On Improvement Aid
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 36
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 37
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 38
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 39
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - 40
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Cover3
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - Cover4
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - CW1
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - CW2
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - CW3
Education Week - September 28, 2016 - CW4
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