Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 22

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By Scott Santens
FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY, WE'VE BEEN CREATING AN
industrial workforce of human automatons, built for the
purpose of performing routine labor not yet doable by
machines. And we've been operating with the mindset
that we should teach students the same way we program
actual machines. In the 20th century, schooling became
a process of information upload in which students are to
be filled with all the appropriate data and applications to
function as cogs in the machinery of factories and offices,
or in the parlance of today, as walking hard drives.
Modern mass production did more than increase efficiency. It chopped up work into simpler components in
which one small task could be repeated day in and day
out without thought and without knowledge of the whole.
Centuries ago, shoes were made by hand, by one skilled
person who made the entire shoe. And then hundreds of
people became involved in making one shoe with one relatively unskilled person doing nothing but attaching soles
all day, every day. Now that machines can perform all
the tasks in making an entire shoe, what happens to the
humans who were programmed to operate the machines?
Human-automaton creation must end. To succeed in a
world of automation will require being as unmachinelike
as possible. The entire education system will need to
be retooled around no longer teaching kids what
to think but how to think. Memorization of
facts is pointless in a world where everyone
carries around the entire knowledge base of
the human species on their person.
The challenge is not information storage
but information processing. It's not about information itself but how to use information.
The teaching of creativity, curiosity, critical thinking, analytical thinking, problemsolving, and a love of learning itself will be
critical to transitioning from the industrial
age to the automated age. Learning how to
collaborate and empathize with others will
be key. To be human is not to be a lone robot
performing a singular task in a vacuum but to
be a member of the whole of humanity contributing in countless interdependent ways, including
even entirely unpaid ways. This will require nothing
less than a redefinition of work itself.
Most people when they talk about the future of
work are talking about the future of paid work. But
the future of work must recognize all work. Take,

Education Week * September 27, 2017

SCOTT SANTENS is a writer and basic-income advocate with a
crowdfunded monthly basic income. A moderator of the Basic Income
community on Reddit since 2013, he is on the board of directors of USBIG,
Inc. He lives in New Orleans.

Getty

COMMENTARY
22

We Will
Redefine Work

for example, someone editing Wikipedia, or contributing
code to the open-source code-sharing platform GitHub,
or even simply taking care of a family member in the
same way any paid care worker would. All of that is important work but would be done for purpose, not pay.
It is for this reason that unconditional basic income-
a cash stipend starting everyone above the poverty line
each month-needs to be a key characteristic of the future of work. That way, as paid work is automated, humans can focus more on all the work that needs to be
done, in the ways that most engage them.
For some, there will be jobs as we know them today,
although perhaps in far shorter shifts than eight hours
a day, five days a week. For others, this will be a return
to the universe of self-employed artisanship, in which
unique creations are handmade from beginning to end,
where platforms, like Etsy, reveal a glimpse of what the
future could hold. And for still others, this will be creation for the sake of creation by prosumers, who both
create and consume goods and services, all for free, in a
new kind of economy built around reputation, instead of
remuneration.
To succeed in the future will require rediscovering what
it means to be truly human. Mark Twain once said the two
most important days in your life are the day you are born
and the day you find out why. In the decades ahead, our
jobs as humans will be finding our ways to our "whys."
And education must be reoriented accordingly. n



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 27, 2017

Education Week - September 27, 2017
Contents
Taking a Long Look At Schools and Work
Facing an Uncertain Future
‘Intelligent’ Tutors: Will They Change Teaching?
Fastest-Growing Occupations
Are Our Jobs Making Us Less Literate?
Emma Yang, Problem Solver
Colorado Goes All In on Apprentices
Learning How to Learn
10 Ways to Learn
Rewarding Fine-Tuned Skills
There Will Be Jobs
We Will Redefine Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Education Week - September 27, 2017
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C2
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Contents
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Taking a Long Look At Schools and Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Facing an Uncertain Future
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 4
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 5
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 6
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - ‘Intelligent’ Tutors: Will They Change Teaching?
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 8
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Fastest-Growing Occupations
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Are Our Jobs Making Us Less Literate?
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 11
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Emma Yang, Problem Solver
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Colorado Goes All In on Apprentices
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 14
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 15
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Learning How to Learn
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 10 Ways to Learn
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 18
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Rewarding Fine-Tuned Skills
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 20
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - There Will Be Jobs
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - We Will Redefine Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 23
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 24
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C3
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C4
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_10102012
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_09192012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_09122012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_08292012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_sr_08222012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_08222012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_20120829
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_sr_08292012
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_test
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/diplomascount_2012issue34
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com