Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 10

Are Our Jobs
Making Us
Less Literate?
Some experts blame automation
for a decline in literacy skills
EMPLOYERS INCREASINGLY DEMAND COMPLEX LITERACY
skills from students, but new studies in the United States
and Canada suggest that many young people entering the
workforce may lose those skills before they can use them.
From 2003 to 2011, the average literacy score for Americans ages 26 to 35 dropped 14 points, equal to more than
a half year of schooling, according to a
series of recent studies in the United
By SARAH
States and Canada. That was the largest drop of all age groups, but American
and Canadian men and women of every
age lost ground during that time, even
though both countries now have among
the highest levels of educational attainment in the world.
T. Scott Murray, the international study director of
the International Adult Literacy Survey, or IALS, and
the Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey, ALL, and the
senior adviser of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development for adult skill assessment,
led the newer studies. He believes that even in jobs where
workers have not been replaced by machines, the use of
automation may be "dumbing down" jobs in ways that

LITERACY SCORE
DIFFERENCES
BY AGE
Change in average
literacy score between
the 2003 Adult Literacy
and Lifeskills Survey and
the 2011 Program for the
International Assessment
of Adult Competencies

10

|

separate the most highly skilled workers from all others.
Murray and other education and workforce researchers
argue that schools should be working to both make students' higher skills more visible to employers-so they
know students are capable of more complex work-and
help students learn to continue reinforcing their skills
after graduation.
"Bottom line, in both Canada and the United States,
we have put all our eggs in the college basket. If we get
participation rates up high enough, ... that's a good start,
but we ignore the market efficiency with what skills are
developed," he said. "The skills students have are mostly
invisible to employers; they are still using credentials that
don't say much about what a student can do. If employers
do not create jobs that are skill-intensive, then workers'
literacy skills will degrade through lack of use."
Murray and colleagues at the Canadian research
firm DataAngel compared the literacy skills of matched
comparison groups of test-takers in 2003 and 2011, based
on age, gender, education level, and other background
characteristics. They used two aligned international literacy tests: the 2003 ALLS and the 2011 Program for the
International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC),
administered by the OECD. Each test is given to nationally
representative samples of adults in each country who are
ages 16 to 65 to gauge their literacy levels
across a wide range of activities, includD. SPARKS
ing analyzing news articles and maps,
understanding administrative forms or
tables, and comparing the terms on different mortgage offers. Both tests use
the same 500-point scale and have been
linked through common items.
They found, as did prior research, that the more education people had, the higher their initial literacy gains
after college; those who earned a college degree were more
likely to see literacy gains than those with only a high
school diploma. But the studies also found that adults who
had earned a postgraduate degree-"people judged to be
central to participation in the emerging knowledge economy," according to the studies-were the only ones who

AGE AS OF 2011

26 to 35

36 to 45

-4

46 to 55

56 to 65

-6
-9

-14

Education Week * September 27, 2017



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 27, 2017

Education Week - September 27, 2017
Contents
Taking a Long Look At Schools and Work
Facing an Uncertain Future
‘Intelligent’ Tutors: Will They Change Teaching?
Fastest-Growing Occupations
Are Our Jobs Making Us Less Literate?
Emma Yang, Problem Solver
Colorado Goes All In on Apprentices
Learning How to Learn
10 Ways to Learn
Rewarding Fine-Tuned Skills
There Will Be Jobs
We Will Redefine Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Education Week - September 27, 2017
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C2
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Contents
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Taking a Long Look At Schools and Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Facing an Uncertain Future
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 4
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 5
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 6
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - ‘Intelligent’ Tutors: Will They Change Teaching?
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 8
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Fastest-Growing Occupations
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Are Our Jobs Making Us Less Literate?
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 11
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Emma Yang, Problem Solver
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Colorado Goes All In on Apprentices
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 14
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 15
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Learning How to Learn
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 10 Ways to Learn
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 18
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - Rewarding Fine-Tuned Skills
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 20
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - There Will Be Jobs
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - We Will Redefine Work
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 23
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - 24
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C3
Education Week - September 27, 2017 - C4
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_12122012
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