Education Week - September 23, 2015 - (Page 1)

Education Week VOL. 35, NO. 5 * SEPTEMBER 23, 2015 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2015 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4 BRE AKING NEWS DAILY Research Agency Faces Deep Cuts In Budget Bills By Sarah D. Sparks Education research advocates took it as a hopeful sign in June when the U.S. House of Representatives' education appropriations panel marked up its first bill for education spending in six years. "And then we see it," said Juliane Baron, the government-relations director for the American Educational Research Association. "Be careful what you ask for. IES really took a hit." The Institute of Education Sciences, the U.S. Department of Education's research arm, faces a $10 million cut in the Senate bill and a whopping $164 million cut in the House appropriations measure, from its current fiscal year budget of $573.9 million. Coming on top of years of uncertain funding, the reductions could stymie the agency's recent attempts to bring a new and more diverse generation of education researchers into the field. "It's just a matter of simple math: The deeper the cuts, the greater the consequences there are for existing work," said Ruth C. Neild, who was tapped as IES director this summer. The money crunch could come just as the agency rolls out a redesigned website, teacher and researcher professional development, and the draft of new work for its network of regional educational PAGE 16 > Michael Shroyer/USA Today Sports IES 'Took a Hit' in House, Senate Proposals Hurley High School football players Justin Stevens, left, and Josh Mullins, holding flag, lead teammates onto the field at the "Meet The Rebels" event, kicking off the season at the school in southwestern Virginia. Schools Seek Split From Confederacy Racial Attacks Reignite Debates on Divisive Icons Two computer-based tests of English-language proficiency will debut this school year, ushering in a new era of online testing for millions of the nation's English-learners. Leaders of the federally funded consortia that developed the exams are hopeful the tests will offer a more complete picture of how English-learners are grasping the language. The World Class Instructional Design and Assessment Consortium, or WIDA, will launch its operational online test, ACCESS for ELLs 2.0, in November. The 36-state group shares English-language-proficiency standards and assessments for English-learners that are aligned with the Common Core State Standards. The English Language Proficiency Assessment for the 21st Century consortium, known as PAGE 11 > PAGE 10 > Justin Cook for Education Week By Corey Mitchell For generations, fans have hailed Jack C. Hays High School's sports teams with the "Dixie" fight song and rallied around its "Rebel" mascot, even as other schools neighboring the Buda, Texas, community yielded to concerns that such branding was racially divisive. But in the aftermath of a racially motivated church shooting in Charleston, S.C., this summer, in which nine African-Americans were killed, the Hays Consolidated Independent School District retired the Confederate anthem, citing its potential to divide or offend students and the community. Hays, like a number of schools across the country, has been doing some soul searching, weighing its history and legacy against growing public sentiment that some monikers and icons are offensive to an increasingly diverse student body. In recent weeks, schools in Ohio, Kansas, Massachusetts, Virginia, and elsewhere have taken steps to remove Confederate battle flags and related imagery from campuses. Meanwhile, California lawmakers approved a bill this month that would ban public schools' use of "Redskins" as a team name, mascot, or nickname beginning Jan. 1, 2017. If Gov. Jerry Brown signs the bill into law, Califor- A student boards a bus bound for the School of Creative Studies, a magnet for grades 6-12 in Durham, N.C. Next year, most of the district's high schools will start around 9 a.m. to allow teens more time to sleep. Tom Reel/San Antonio Express-News/Zuma English-Learner Tests Moving to Digital Realm By Bryan Toporek Kayla Wilson, a senior at Robert E. Lee High School in San Antonio, is pushing for a new name for the school, an effort that has led to backlash within her Texas community. Despite Research on Teens' Sleep, Change to School Start Times Difficult By Evie Blad Most high school students in Durham, N.C., start school at 7:30 a.m., a time that's early enough to negatively impact their engagement and focus in the classroom, researchers say. That's because biological shifts during the teenage years drive the need for longer sleep durations and later wake times, research shows. That means requiring an older teenager to wake up at 7 a.m. is like asking a teacher to wake up at 4:30 a.m. So, at the direction of its school board, the Durham district will shift its high school start times to 9 a.m. next year. The hope is that the district's responsiveness to sleep research will pay off in gains in student engagement and academic achievement. "I think the board's intent is spot on; it's to try to benefit every student we can benefit to increase student learning," Assistant Superintendent Scott Denton said. "There will be some pain for some families, and we don't take that lightly, PAGE 12 >

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 23, 2015

Education Week - September 23, 2015
Research Agency Faces Deep Cuts In Budget Bills
Schools Seek Split From Confederacy
English-Learner Tests Moving to Digital Realm
Despite Research on Teens’ Sleep, Change to School Start Times Difficult
News in Brief
Report Roundup
To Combat Inequity, Ferguson Panel Urges K-12 Changes
Study: KIPP Confers an Edge in Academics But Not in Attitudes
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Online Credit Recovery in Need of Overhaul, Study Says
Blogs of the Week
From Pre-K to Higher Ed., Duncan Tour Touts Priorities
GOP Presidential Debaters Give Glancing Mention to Education
In Wide-Ranging Discussion, Duncan Mulls Issues, Agenda
ANN MYERS & JILL BERKOWICZ: STEM Doesn’t Narrow the Curriculum
MARY ANN ZEHR: Can a Former Journalist Teach English-Language Learners to Write?
GREG MILO: Why Do Students Hate History? Some Thoughts on the ‘Boring’ Social Studies
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
CAROL DWECK: Growth Mindset, Revisited

Education Week - September 23, 2015