Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 8

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

time jobs as school paraprofessionals, with the goal of keeping them in
the district once they graduate.
Grow-your-own programs can
take different forms, but many seek
to recruit residents to build a workforce that reflects the ethnic and
linguistic diversity of the student
population.
"The languages, the experience of
immigration, whether it was them or
their parents or other family members, means that they have insight
into how the students they're working with are going through school
and how they could improve the
experience for them," said Sheri
Hardee, the dean of the University
of North Georgia's college of education.
To help students who may encounter financial barriers on their way to
earning a teaching degree, some districts and teacher-preparation programs are pouring resources-seed
money-into the efforts.
Professors at the University of
Washington's college of education
secured a $2.4 million grant from
the U.S. Department of Education
to train about 60 certified teachers to work in Spanish-English and
Vietnamese-English dual-language
classrooms in the greater Seattle
area. The funding covers half the
tuition for participants.
The Pionero Scholars program at
Lipscomb University in Tennessee
helps prepare Latino and immigrant
students in metropolitan Nashville
for careers in education. Students
who qualify for the program earn
$10,000 per year in scholarships.
"It's those young people who don't
see themselves reflected in the curriculum, who don't see themselves
reflected in the educator workforce
or school leadership," said Margarita
Bianco, an associate professor at the
University of Colorado, Denver, and
the executive director of Pathways2Teaching. a program designed to
encourage students of color to pursue careers in teaching.
"This is the first time anybody has
said to them that your experiences
and the person you are is so valuable
to this community. We want you to
come back to share that knowledge."

Thirty states and the District of
Columbia reported shortages of
bilingual and English-as-a-secondlanguage teachers 2018-19, federal
data show.
While Georgia is not among them,
the list of states reporting shortages
of bilingual teachers includes Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, where
more than a quarter of the overall
population identifies as Latino, and
many are Spanish-speakers. Yet
schools are struggling to find teachers for emerging bilingual students.
Bianco thinks she knows why.
The stigma and shame long-attached to English-language-learner
status may leave native Spanish
speakers who could have been potential teaching candidates feeling
"less than" in school, dimming their
view of the profession.
Allison Briceño, an assistant professor in the teacher education program at the San José State University
college of education, said some of
her native Spanish-speaking students opt out of bilingual preparation programs because they assume
their command of the language is
not "good enough."
"When you have a biling ual
teacher shortage, that's a problem,"
Briceño said.
The first cohort of RISE graduates is set to return to Hall County
schools as full-time teachers next
fall. Some, like Galvan, are already
shouldering significant responsibility in schools.

Nicole Craine for Education Week

To Diversify Workforce,
Districts Entice Their
Students to Be Teachers

Adrian Galvan, a member of the
RISE program and a bilingual
paraprofessional at Lyman Hall
Elementary School, hugs his
former 2nd-grade teacher and
teaching inspiration, Donna
Garlinghouse, at the school
where they both work in
Gainesville, Ga.

He spends three days a week working as a paraprofessional at Lyman
Hall, where he rotates between traditional and special education classrooms and provides interpretation
services for parents during school
events and parent-teacher conferences. More than 95 percent of students at Lyman Hall are Latino.

Building Connections
"I know what they may be going
through or the situations they may
be experiencing," Galvan said.
"Coming here, being an Englishlanguage-learner, I feel that I'm able
to help them and relate to them and
have that connection."
Administrators in the Hall County
schools and the University of North

Paltry Supply of Bilingual Teachers
Thirty states and the District of Columbia reported shortages of teachers in the areas of
bilingual instruction and English-as-a-second-language during 2018-19.

DC

Changing Demographics
As the makeup of the nation's K-12
school population transforms, Hall
County is not alone in its struggle to
attract multilingual teachers.
A 2016 report from the National
Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families found that more
Latino immigrants are bypassing
urban areas and instead settling in
rural areas and suburban towns like
Gainesville, about 65 miles northeast of Atlanta.

Bilingual teacher shortages
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | September 18, 2019 | www.edweek.org

Georgia are hopeful those connections will help raise achievement in
the district.
On average, Latino students in
Hall County are nearly two grade
levels behind their white peers.
Decades of research on teacher diversity show that students perform
better when exposed to teachers
who look like them and have similar
backgrounds.
"We haven't really gotten rid of
or reduced much the inequities that
exist, especially impacting kids
of color and their families," said
Manka Varghese, a professor at the
University of Washington's college
of education.
"One of the ways that people are
really trying to push now is this diversification."
At Lyman Hall, every kindergarten class has a bilingual paraprofessional to help students entering
school with little or no exposure to
English.
It's an experience Yadira Hernandez wishes she had.
"Growing up, I never had that
help," she said.
When Hernandez started pre-kindergarten classes in Hall County,
she spoke only Spanish. Hernandez
went through school without ever
having a bilingual teacher.
That experience has stuck with
her. Now, as a student in the RISE
program, Hernandez is able to provide the support she did not have as
a child.
"I enjoy having conversations with
them to make them realize, 'Hey, I
know this is new for you but eventually you're going to learn it and
you're going to be great at it,' " she
said.
Hernandez didn't know how impactful bilingual educators were
until she encountered a parent liaison in her high school that served as
a guide for Spanish-speaking families who were unfamiliar with and
intimidated by the U.S. education
system.
"I know how much of an impact a
person who speaks their language
can have on them," Hernandez said.


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Education Week - September 18, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 18, 2019

Education Week - September 18, 2019
How Caring for Students Can Take a Steep Toll
Teachers on Front Lines of Making Schools Safe for Transgender Kids
Could Testing Wreck Civics Education?
Wanted: Teachers as Diverse As Their Students
Briefly Stated
Digital Tools Are Everywhere, But Evidence of Impact Is Not
What the Research Says
Talking Politics at School ‘When the World Is on Fire’
Presidential Candidates Argue Charters, Equity
The Perils of Equity-Focused Leadership
Special and General Education Should Be One Nimble System
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Wanted: Teachers as Diverse As Their Students
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 2
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 4
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Digital Tools Are Everywhere, But Evidence of Impact Is Not
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Talking Politics at School ‘When the World Is on Fire’
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Presidential Candidates Argue Charters, Equity
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 8
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 9
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 10
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 11
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 12
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 13
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 14
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 15
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - The Perils of Equity-Focused Leadership
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Special and General Education Should Be One Nimble System
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - 20
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - September 18, 2019 - CW4
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