Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 7

Longer Day, Year Required for Many Head Start Programs By Christina A. Samuels The Office of Head Start last week released a final version of the performance standards that will require many of the federal preschool programs to offer a longer day and year to children within five years. The standards were last revised in 1975. Congress directed Head Start to update its rules when it reauthorized the program in 2007. The office, which is overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services, released proposed rules in June 2015. The final rules lay out guidelines that federal officials say will raise professional-development requirements and Head Start educational standards, while cutting through the red tape that centers currently must wrestle with. Prior to this revision, Head Start had 1,400 regulatory standards, and the number of standards has been cut by 30 percent. The major shift-and the one that comes with the biggest price tag-is the change in Head Start operating hours. Currently, a Head Start program must operate for at least 3½ hours a day and 128 days a year, the equivalent of 448 hours a year. The new rules will increase that to at least 1,020 hours a year for Head Start and 1,380 hours a year for center-based Early Head Start programs, which serve infants through age 3. The new rules set no specific day-length or year requirement, and programs have until August 2021 to make a change. Sweeping Overhaul Head Start's original proposal would have required individual programs to run for at least six hours a day and 180 days per year, or the equivalent of 1,080 hours per year. But many programs that run double sessions to increase the number of children with access balked at that idea. "By changing our program to five full days, half of our children will be without a classroom and an opportunity to grow," said one commenter during the publiccomment period. The sweeping overhaul, which goes into effect 60 days after the rules are published in the Federal Register, estimates the cost of expanding Head Start operating hours to be about $1 billion more than the $8.6 billion already allocated to Head Start. In fiscal 2016, Congress appropriated $294 million to increase the number of children attending Head Start for a full school day and year. President Barack Obama's 2017 budget proposal requests an additional $292 million for Head Start. If Congress doesn't come through with the money, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services has the authority to modify the requirements. The standards also reaffirm the program's commitment to serving English-language learners, children with disabilities, and vulnerable children. For example, they require that programs provide necessary supportive services for children who have delays significant enough to interfere with school success, but who are not eligible for services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The standards require that programs also actively recruit children in foster care and those who are homeless. They do not change the process started in 2011 that requires lowerperforming Head Start programs to compete for continued federal funding. That program is called the designation-renewal system, and ulti- mately, all Head Start programs will be moving to five-year-grant cycles, as opposed to the open-ended funding that existed before that change. Measured Response The new rules met with measured approval from Rep. John Kline, R-Minn., the chairman of the House education committee, and Rep. Todd Rokita, R-Ind., the chairman of the early-childhood, elementary and secondary education subcommittee. They released a joint statement that said, "While we are encouraged the department appears to have taken into account some of the concerns we and others raised with its initial regulatory proposal, we continue to question some of the policies in the final rule." They said they will "carefully review the rule to ensure it results in the kind of responsible support children and their families need." Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va., the top Democrat on the House education committee, said that the new rules give children more learning time and parents more opportunity for job stability because the longer operating hours will cover more of a typical workday. "But make no mistake, highquality early-learning environments are not cheap, and many providers will need additional resources to implement certain requirements, such as extending the learning day," he added. "As we consider budget priorities, Congress will need to fully fund Head Start programs around the country." OUR FUNDERS Editorial Projects in Education wishes to thank the following foundations for their generous support. EPE retains sole editorial control over the content of articles and other work underwritten by our donors. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation supports coverage of efforts to implement college- and career-ready standards for all students in Education Week and on edweek.org. Guided by the belief that every life has equal value, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works to help all people lead healthy, productive lives. Its commitment to education centers on working to ensure all students graduate high school prepared to succeed in college and careers. www.gatesfoundation.org The Carnegie Corporation of New York supports coverage of trends in K-12 innovation and efforts to put these new ideas and approaches into practice in schools, districts, and classrooms in Education Week and on edweek.org. Created in 1911 by Andrew Carnegie, the Carnegie Corporation seeks to promote "the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding." www.carnegie.org the eli and edythe broad foundation The Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation supports coverage of personalized learning and system leadership in Education Week and on edweek.org. The Broad Foundations were established by entrepreneur and philanthropist Eli Broad to advance entrepreneurship for the public good in education, science, and the arts. www.broadfoundation.org The Ford Foundation supports coverage of more and better learning time in Education Week and on edweek.org. The foundation supports visionary leaders and organizations on the frontlines of social change and works to strengthen democratic values, reduce poverty and injustice, promote international cooperation, and advance human achievement. www.fordfoundation.org The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation supports coverage of deeper learning in Education Week and on edweek.org. The Hewlett Foundation makes grants to address the most serious social and environmental problems facing society. www.hewlett.org The Jack Kent Cooke Foundation supports coverage in Education Week and on edweek.org of the experiences of low-income, high-achieving students. The foundation provides generous scholarships to exceptionally highachieving students throughout the country who have financial need as well as provides grants that support high-achieving, low-income students with innovative programming. www.jkcf.org The Joyce Foundation supports coverage in Education Week and on edweek.org of policy efforts to improve the teaching profession. Joyce works to close the achievement gap by improving teacher quality in schools that serve lowincome and minority children, expanding early-childhood education, and promoting innovations such as charter schools. www.joycefdn.org/Programs/Education The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation provides partial support for Diplomas Count, Education Week's annual report on the state of high school graduation and reform efforts. The foundation's mission is to support efforts that promote a just, equitable, and sustainable society. www.mott.org The Raikes Foundation supports coverage of learning mindsets and skills in Education Week and on edweek. org as part of its mission to empower young people to transform their lives. The foundation believes that when students have learning mindsets and skills, they are motivated to learn and know how to learn. www.raikesfoundation.org The Wallace Foundation supports coverage in Education Week and on edweek.org of public school leadership, extended and expanded learning time, and arts learning. The foundation seeks to create widespread change by sharing lessons that public and private institutions can use to promote benefits for the people they serve. www.wallacefoundation.org The Walton Family Foundation supports coverage in Education Week and on edweek.org of issues related to creating opportunities for all American students and their families to choose a quality school. The foundation promotes initiatives to expand parental choice and equal opportunity in education to help spur the bold transformation of the national K-12 system of public education. waltonk12.org The NoVo Foundation supports coverage of social and emotional learning in Education Week and on edweek. org. NoVo is dedicated to catalyzing a transformation in global society by supporting the development of capacities in people-individually and collectively-to help create a caring and balanced world that operates on the principles of mutual respect, collaboration, and civic participation. www.novofoundation.org The Noyce Foundation supports coverage of informal and school-based science education, human-capital management, and multiple-pathways-linked learning in Education Week and on edweek.org. Launched in 1990, the Noyce Foundation is dedicated to improving math, science, and reading instruction in public schools, promoting school leadership and education research, and expanding opportunities for informal, hands-on science learning for students. www.noycefdn.org EDUCATION WEEK | September 7, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 7 http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.jkcf.org http://www.raikesfoundation.org http://www.gatesfoundation.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.joycefdn.org/Programs/Education http://www.wallacefoundation.org http://www.carnegie.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.mott.org http://www.broadfoundation.org http://www.waltonk12.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.novofoundation.org http://www.fordfoundation.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.hewlett.org http://www.noycefdn.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 7, 2016

Education Week - September 7, 2016
Contents
Are Dual-Enrollment Programs Being Oversold?
Inclusive Classes Have Downsides, Researchers Find
For New Kindergartners, a Whirlwind Introduction
Report Roundup
Tax Boosts to Aid K-12 Up for Vote
News in Brief
Amid Shortage Fears, States Ease Teacher-Licensing Rules
Rating Materials for Reading
Longer Day, Year Required for Many Head Start Programs
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Parent Group Sees Education Technology ‘Threats’
Draft ESSA Funding Rules Unveiled
Trump Taps Indiana Lawmaker’s Staffer To Craft Plan on School Choice
Amid School-Closure Worries, Mich. Lists Low-Performers
NICHOLAS C. DONOHUE: Don’t Fix High Schools, Transform Them
BARBARA DUFFIELD: How ESSA May Help Homeless Students
NITA LOWEY: ‘Books, Not Bullets’
Letters
T opSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
ALFIE KOHN: Bullying the Bully
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Tax Boosts to Aid K-12 Up for Vote
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 2
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Contents
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 5
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Rating Materials for Reading
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Longer Day, Year Required for Many Head Start Programs
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Parent Group Sees Education Technology ‘Threats’
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 9
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 10
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 11
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 12
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 13
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 14
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Trump Taps Indiana Lawmaker’s Staffer To Craft Plan on School Choice
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Amid School-Closure Worries, Mich. Lists Low-Performers
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 17
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - BARBARA DUFFIELD: How ESSA May Help Homeless Students
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - NITA LOWEY: ‘Books, Not Bullets’
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 21
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - T opSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 23
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - ALFIE KOHN: Bullying the Bully
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT4
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