Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 12

Pitches for Dual Enrollment Raise Questions for Some many cases, money, in the courses they're told will produce college credit. About 1.9 million students-11.4 percent of the secondary school population-were taking some form of dual-enrollment course in 2010-11, the most recent federal data show, up from 1.2 million in 2002-03. A new pilot program offered by the federal government might lure even more students into dual-enrollment classes: the chance to use Pell grants to cover costs at 44 institutions. Even the staunchest advocates of dual enrollment, however, are concerned about the potential fallout of its rapid expansion, such as difficulty transferring credit. Leaders in the field are encouraging a "guided pathway" approach, in which more colleges and universities would spell out which courses will transfer for credit, and high school counselors would use that information to help students create "sequences of courses that are planned and thoughtfully designed" so they'll be more likely to transfer, said Joel Vargas, who's researched dual enrollment as a vice president of Jobs for the Future, a group that studies college and career readiness. The issue of dual-enrollmentcredit transfer "is certainly on people's radar. It's something people are concerned about," said Melinda M. Karp, who has studied dual enrollment and is the assistant director of the Community College Research Center at Teachers College of Columbia University. "There is a disconnect between what students are being told-that college credits are good-and the fact that college credit really needs to add up to something in order to graduate. That second half isn't often expressed," she said. "Accumulating credits that ultimately don't transfer or apply to a major can put students at risk to drop out" or use up their lifetime maximum of Pell grants, Karp said. A Little-Documented Problem Very little research has been done on the proportion of students' dual-enrollment credits that are accepted by the colleges they attend. The courses can be taught at high schools or colleges, by high school teachers with appropriate qualifications or by college instructors. "Dual enrollment is like the Wild West," Davis Jenkins, a senior research associate at the Community College Research Center, said about the question of credit transfer. "No one seems to know [nationally] what credits students are earning and whether those credits are applicable toward any sort of degree." Only a handful of small studies have explored the transfer question. The American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers asked about dual-enrollment credits in a recent survey of its 2,700 institutional members. According to preliminary findings, one-quarter of Mike Bradley for Education Week CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 the respondents said they're aware of problems with acceptance of such credits at other institutions, according to Michael V. Reilly, the association's executive director. A study of alumni of the University of Connecticut's Early College Experience program found that students lose 13 percent of their credits, on average, when they enroll in college. The Greater Texas Foundation, which awards scholarships to students in early-college high schools, where they can graduate with both diplomas and associate degrees, studied the experiences of 226 of its scholars. It found that while all their credits transferred, only 73 percent were accepted toward their major courses of study. As a result, most students didn't earn bachelor's degrees in two years as they had envisioned, "mainly due to credits earned that do not apply to chosen degree programs," the foundation said in its report last October. Some university-high school partnerships have secured rigorous national accreditation from the National Alliance of Concurrent Enrollment Partnerships. Of those programs, three-quarters report that 80 percent or more of the students successfully transfer credits to other colleges they attend, according to Executive Director Adam I. Lowe. Those 98 programs account for only a small fraction of programs operating nationally and include only a subset of dual-enrollment courses: those taught in high schools, by approved high school teachers. Only half the states have agreements that require public colleges and universities to accept dualenrollment credits, according to the Education Commission of the States, and those agreements don't require the compliance of private institutions. 12 | EDUCATION WEEK | September 7, 2016 | www.edweek.org Sonia A. Gonzalez found that out the hard way. The 11 credits she earned in government and physics at a community college in Dallas wouldn't transfer to the University of Notre Dame in Indiana when she enrolled there last fall. Had she attended a public university in Texas, where her credits would have been guaranteed to transfer, she probably could have graduated a semester early, she said. Even some states that guarantee transfer of dual-enrollment credits to state institutions impose restrictions. Florida, for instance, allows its flagship institutions to refuse the credits. Tennessee requires dual-enrollment students to pass an exam and allows each institution to set its own passing score. Sabrina Villanueva waits for her Spanish class to start at the University of Rochester. She said she had to rethink her plans to minor in psychology or sociology while majoring in engineering when her dual-enrollment credits failed to transfer. Revising the Pitch? The problems with transferring dual-enrollment credit have sparked concern that it's being oversold. The courses have long been pitched as a way to build academic muscle and prepare for college, a benefit few dispute. Study after study has found that participants are more likely to enroll in college right after high school, get better grades once they're there, and have the academic momentum to stay in college and finish in four years. Entering college with credits-even if they apply only to elective or general education requirements-can allow students to dive into more advanced courses or explore new subjects. But more recently, in the wake of the Great Recession, with college costs and student debt soaring, they've also been promoted as a way to save money and finish college more quickly. Some students find that to be WHERE ARE DUAL-ENROLLMENT PROGRAMS OFFERED? The proportion of schools that offer dual-enrollment classes varies significantly from state to state. In 2013-14, 10 states reported that 70 percent or more of their schools had students enrolled in such programs. SOURCE: Education Week analysis of Civil Rights Data Collection, 2016 http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 7, 2016

Education Week - September 7, 2016
Contents
Are Dual-Enrollment Programs Being Oversold?
Inclusive Classes Have Downsides, Researchers Find
For New Kindergartners, a Whirlwind Introduction
Report Roundup
Tax Boosts to Aid K-12 Up for Vote
News in Brief
Amid Shortage Fears, States Ease Teacher-Licensing Rules
Rating Materials for Reading
Longer Day, Year Required for Many Head Start Programs
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Parent Group Sees Education Technology ‘Threats’
Draft ESSA Funding Rules Unveiled
Trump Taps Indiana Lawmaker’s Staffer To Craft Plan on School Choice
Amid School-Closure Worries, Mich. Lists Low-Performers
NICHOLAS C. DONOHUE: Don’t Fix High Schools, Transform Them
BARBARA DUFFIELD: How ESSA May Help Homeless Students
NITA LOWEY: ‘Books, Not Bullets’
Letters
T opSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
ALFIE KOHN: Bullying the Bully
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Tax Boosts to Aid K-12 Up for Vote
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 2
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Contents
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - News in Brief
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 5
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Rating Materials for Reading
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Longer Day, Year Required for Many Head Start Programs
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Parent Group Sees Education Technology ‘Threats’
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 9
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 10
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 11
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 12
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 13
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 14
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Trump Taps Indiana Lawmaker’s Staffer To Craft Plan on School Choice
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Amid School-Closure Worries, Mich. Lists Low-Performers
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 17
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - BARBARA DUFFIELD: How ESSA May Help Homeless Students
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - NITA LOWEY: ‘Books, Not Bullets’
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - Letters
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 21
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - T opSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - 23
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - ALFIE KOHN: Bullying the Bully
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT1
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT2
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT3
Education Week - September 7, 2016 - CT4
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