Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 6

State Educational-Leadership Initiatives in Budget 'Pickle'
As federal cuts loom,
some weigh options
By Denisa R. Superville
When the new federal education
law passed in 2015 with language
allowing states to set aside money
for programs that target principals,
teacher-leaders, principal-supervisors, and leadership development,
many in the education-leadership
community were ecstatic.
It was the first time that federal law had been so explicit about
school leadership-coming after
mounting research in the last two
decades on how high-quality leaders
affect students' academic growth.
But some of the programs that
states have signaled they intend
to set up or expand as a result of
this new flexibility may never see
the light of day-or may have to be
scaled back significantly-if Congress and the Trump administration
eliminate nearly $2 billion dollars
in Title II, Part A funds that go toward educator effectiveness. That's
the pot of money that many states
were hoping to tap into to pay for
the leadership programs.
"We are ... a little bit in a pickle,
waiting to see what happens with
the budget," said Amy Fowler,
deputy secretary at the Vermont
Agency of Education, which still in-

tends to proceed with a leadership
academy to help network principals
and teacher-leaders who often work
in small districts and have few opportunities to collaborate and share
best practices with peers. "We're really hopeful that that commitment
will stay, and if it doesn't we'll be
making that amendment in our
plan and working to figure out an
alternative."

States in a Bind
Vermont is not the only state in a
bind. Several have indicated in their
education plans required under the
Every Student Succeeds Act that
they plan to use a new provision
that allows states to keep an additional 3 percent of their Title II allocations for school leaders.
Tennessee, with an ESSA plan
approved by Secretary of Education
Betsy DeVos last week, is moving
ahead with efforts on a program
to funnel effective principals to all
districts. Missouri has revamped its
education department support system for school leaders, which was
generally provided to new and earlycareer principals. The department
now wants to make sure that all of
its 2,200 principals have access to
those resources.
Title II has had its share of critics. While district and state officials
rely on the funds to hire new teachers and pay for professional-devel-

opment opportunities for classroom
teachers and principals, researchers and even education secretaries
have questioned whether the money
is used effectively. The Trump administration has said that it wants
to end the program because it has
not been shown to be effective. Arne
Duncan, the first education secretary in the Obama administration,
also questioned whether Title II,
Part A dollars were getting the best
bang for the buck. Studies have
yielded mixed results.
But professional organizations-
such as the ones that represent
elementary school principals and
organizations that train principals-have pushed back. Jay Nichols, the executive director of the
Vermont Principals Association,
said that in recent years Title II
Part A funds have gone toward
helping educators address the
state's opioid crisis.
"We have a great deal of disappointment with the way things are
moving," said Michelle Young, the
executive director of the University
Council for Educational Administration. The organization was hoping
that with Title II's added emphasis
on leadership, states and districts
would work more closely with universities to design training and
mentoring programs that are tailored to specific district needs.
"This is the first time that we've
had a significant focus on educa-

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tional leadership," she continued.
"It's like [getting] the toe in the
door, if you will. There are so many
reasons for doing this, and so many
reasons not to back away from it.
Yet, here we are. It's just really unfortunate."
The question for many states is
what happens now?
The options are limited, said
Jason Leahy, the executive director
of the Illinois Principals Association.

"

We're really hopeful
that that the
commitment will
stay, and if it doesn't
we'll be ... working
to figure out an
alternative."
AMY FOWLER
Vermont Agency of Education

Possibilities include relying on
public-private partnerships, and
dipping into other federal funding
sources, such as Title I, which provides aid to high-poverty schools.
Some state education departments
may be able to lobby their legislatures for more money, but in some
cases education funding has not
returned to pre-Recession levels,
and districts in Illinois are waiting
on state aid that's owed to them,
Leahy said.
"In education funding ... if you
lose a bucket of money, there is not
another bucket that you are just
going to be able [to use] to pour
money into that now empty bucket
to make ends meet," he said. "It's
just not there."

Moving Forward
Tennessee's Principal Pipeline
Partnership program will proceed
this year, regardless of whether
the federal government continues
to fund Title II, said Sara Gast, a
spokeswoman for the education
department. The program is using
Title II funds from the previous
year, and it is structured in such a
way that the state's portion will be
reduced to 50 percent of the overall
cost in the third and fourth years,
she said.
"If future federal funding does not
come through, we would most likely
have to consider seeking additional
philanthropic support to support
this work," she said. "However, our
strongest preference is to support
our teachers through Title II, which
has provided us with a stable and
consistent funding source in the
past."
The program will distribute about
$1 million in matching funds to
organizations and universities to
work with school districts in nine
regions to train and support 160

future school leaders. Part of the
goal is to provide high-quality school
leaders to fill the 260 to 270 principal vacancies that pop up annually.
"Our ESSA plan shows how we
will use Title II to address teacher
and leader supports across the
full continuum-from educator
preparation, to the classroom, and
throughout their careers-and
without that funding source, much
of that work is jeopardized," Tennessee's Education Commissioner
Candice McQueen said after the
education department approved
the state's ESSA plan.
"We are pleased to see that the
U.S. Department of Education actually highlighted this work in their
press release about Tennessee's
ESSA plan, and we have continued
to urge USED to maintain this critical funding."
Missouri, which has not yet submitted its ESSA plan, is among the
states thinking about alternative
funding sources.
But Paul Katnik, who oversees educator quality at the state's education department, said Missouri had
no plans to change course or remove
the programs from its ESSA plan
before it's submitted this month.
"This is too important for us not
to do absolutely everything we can,"
he said. "It's not like we are not sure
that this is a good idea. We are sure
about it, and I think it's incumbent
upon us to exhaust every option we
can to make it happen. "

Missouri Committed
The state plans to use the full
3 percent set-aside to improve and
expand its leadership development
and one-to-one mentoring programs, which it has had for more
than 30 years. Both programs previously had cohorts of about 100
principals annually; the idea is
to increase the number of earlycareer principals in the mentoring
program and restructure the leadership development program so
that eventually every principal in
the state will be affected.
Katnik said the state potentially
could use Title I funds for high-poverty schools to pay for a portion of
the program, seek assistance from
the business community, or from the
legislature when elected officials return to the state capital in September. In the meantime, the program
is funded for the full year, and Katnik is hoping that it will generate
enough positive results to attract
funding for future years if the federal Title II money disappears.
Until some definitive word comes
down from Washington, Vermont is
polishing its request for proposal to
solicit bids from organizations that
might be interested in running the
leadership academy in the first year.
Officials are considering posting
the request for proposals with a
note saying that there might not be
money to pay for the program.
"We are weighing the pros and
cons," Fowler said. "We don't want
to give up on the idea because we
have such strong support from our
stakeholders."


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 6, 2017

Education Week - September 6, 2017
Teachers Carve Out a Place in the Curriculum For LGBT History
Learning to Teach Via Virtual Reality
Rule Targets District Bias In Spec. Ed.
Hurricane Takes Heavy Toll on Schools
Report Roundup
News in Brief
State Educational-Leadership Initiatives In Budget ‘Pickle’
New Tool Alerts Teachers When Students Give Up on Test
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Mobile Devices Put Education In Hands of Syrian Refugees
LGBT Curricula Spreads Slowly
Tweaking School Turnarounds
After Fierce Fight, Illinois Enacts Tax-Credit Scholarship Program
President’s Youngest Son Joins Back-to-School Crowd
Sarah M. Stitzlein: How to Define Public Schooling in the Age of Choice?
Q&A With Jack Schneider: What Makes a School Good? It’s More Than Test Scores
READERS REACT: Have SAT Accommodations Really Gone Too Far?
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Chris Elmendorf & Darien Shanske: We Need Better Education Data
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Hurricane Takes Heavy Toll on Schools
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 2
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 3
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 5
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - State Educational-Leadership Initiatives In Budget ‘Pickle’
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - New Tool Alerts Teachers When Students Give Up on Test
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Mobile Devices Put Education In Hands of Syrian Refugees
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 9
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 10
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 11
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 12
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 13
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - LGBT Curricula Spreads Slowly
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 15
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - After Fierce Fight, Illinois Enacts Tax-Credit Scholarship Program
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - President’s Youngest Son Joins Back-to-School Crowd
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Sarah M. Stitzlein: How to Define Public Schooling in the Age of Choice?
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Q&A With Jack Schneider: What Makes a School Good? It’s More Than Test Scores
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 21
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 23
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Chris Elmendorf & Darien Shanske: We Need Better Education Data
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW4
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