Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 10

Virtual Tech
Simulates
Real Classes
Although several companies are
already building virtual environments to simulate the classroom
experience, those scenarios have
tended to use avatars, which look a
bit like cartoon characters, in place
of real students. As part of the new
effort, teachers watch videos of actual students, shot with 360-degree
cameras in the classroom.
The idea is that incoming teachers can feel what it's like to be
confronted with challenging behaviors-for instance, students yelling,
pulling out their cellphones, jumping on desks-without having to
step into a physical classroom. And
they can do so at any time on their
own by using a smartphone and VR
headset, which can cost as little as
$10.
But the use of real video for VR
does pose some financial and ethical concerns: It's quite expensive to
shoot; a single 360-degree camera
costs about $5,000. And it can reinforce racial, ethnic, or gender stereotypes-especially when there's limited footage featuring a small pool
of students.
The project, underwritten by a
$20,000 innovation grant from New

York's state university system, is
still in its early stages, but preservice teachers at the University at
Buffalo, as well as some practicing
teachers at Enterprise, located in
the city's downtown area, will use a
pilot of the basic technology this fall.
"We're not saying to replace those
[student-teaching] field experiences,
but the VR is another tool that can
enhance the clinical preparation of
the preservice teacher," said Elisabeth Etopio, the director of the
Teacher Education Institute and the
interim assistant dean for teacher
education at the university. "You can
rack up the hours of experience and
actually master skills prior to when
you go to interact with students.
Amber Grzechowiak, a K-2
teacher at Enterprise Charter
School, had never used VR before
putting on a headset during a demonstration of the technology last

ABOVE: Researchers,
working with a Buffalo
public charter school
and a digital media
company, use a
360-degree virtual
reality camera to shoot
classroom scenarios
with real students. The
scenarios are meant to
help preservice
teachers practice
classroom
management.
RIGHT: Amber
Grzechowiak, a special
education teacher at
Enterprise Charter
School in Buffalo, tries
out a virtual reality
session.

2/5-PAGE (4 COLUMNS)

Photos by Brett Carlsen for Education Week

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

month.
"This is the craziest thing I've ever
seen in my life," she said, turning
her head from left to right, up and
down, to see the virtual classroom
in its entirety.

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Out of the Trenches.
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10 | EDUCATION WEEK | September 6, 2017 | www.edweek.org

In one of the scenarios, which
were created by Crosswater Digital Media, a Buffalo, N.Y.-based
audio- and video-production studio,
and filmed at Enterprise Charter,
a middle school boy is irritating a
classmate-balling up paper and
throwing it at her, pulling her hair,
teasing her. Eventually, she stands
up and slaps him on the back. (The
students were acting.) In another,
students enter a classroom shouting, and one girl hops up on a desk
to challenge another girl.
The technology is still in proofof-concept stage and far from fully
interactive right now. VR users can
turn their heads and see the classroom all around them, but they cannot walk closer to students or talk
to them and get a response. An assessment appears on the screen asking the teachers how they would respond, but as of now, the VR doesn't
capture their answers.

A 'Visceral Feeling'
As some will point out, the current technology is not so different
from watching a regular video-except that it surrounds the user.
"When you're watching it on [a
flat] screen, it's a window and it's
somebody else, it's not me," said
Grzechowiak. "You don't get the
same connection as you do when
you're actually standing and you
look down and can see the floor
right in front of you."
The VR gave the university's
Shanahan a "visceral feeling."
"I teach with video, and it's different. I just think it's the encompassed-body piece," she said.
Richard Lamb, an associate professor of education at Buffalo and
the director of the Neurocognition
Science Laboratory there, who is
leading the cross-organizational
project with Etopio, has some data.
Through brain-imaging and
physiological tests, such as mea-


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 6, 2017

Education Week - September 6, 2017
Teachers Carve Out a Place in the Curriculum For LGBT History
Learning to Teach Via Virtual Reality
Rule Targets District Bias In Spec. Ed.
Hurricane Takes Heavy Toll on Schools
Report Roundup
News in Brief
State Educational-Leadership Initiatives In Budget ‘Pickle’
New Tool Alerts Teachers When Students Give Up on Test
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Mobile Devices Put Education In Hands of Syrian Refugees
LGBT Curricula Spreads Slowly
Tweaking School Turnarounds
After Fierce Fight, Illinois Enacts Tax-Credit Scholarship Program
President’s Youngest Son Joins Back-to-School Crowd
Sarah M. Stitzlein: How to Define Public Schooling in the Age of Choice?
Q&A With Jack Schneider: What Makes a School Good? It’s More Than Test Scores
READERS REACT: Have SAT Accommodations Really Gone Too Far?
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Chris Elmendorf & Darien Shanske: We Need Better Education Data
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Hurricane Takes Heavy Toll on Schools
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 2
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 3
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 5
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - State Educational-Leadership Initiatives In Budget ‘Pickle’
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - New Tool Alerts Teachers When Students Give Up on Test
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Mobile Devices Put Education In Hands of Syrian Refugees
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 9
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 10
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 11
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 12
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 13
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - LGBT Curricula Spreads Slowly
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 15
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - After Fierce Fight, Illinois Enacts Tax-Credit Scholarship Program
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - President’s Youngest Son Joins Back-to-School Crowd
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Sarah M. Stitzlein: How to Define Public Schooling in the Age of Choice?
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Q&A With Jack Schneider: What Makes a School Good? It’s More Than Test Scores
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 21
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - 23
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - Chris Elmendorf & Darien Shanske: We Need Better Education Data
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - September 6, 2017 - CW4
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_09262012
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_09192012
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_test
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http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com