Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 8

QUALITY COUNTS 2019: Grading the States

Nation's Schools:
A Bird's-Eye View

National Average

Time now for the big reveal: Who's on top
and who lags behind when it comes to the
nation's K-12 school systems-and why?
This third and final installment of "Quality
Counts 2019" pulls together all the strands
of Education Week's year-long dive into the
strengths and weaknesses of K-12 education
based on a wealth of national and statelevel data, from test scores and diplomas to
spending and socioeconomic factors that can
affect student readiness for the K-12 system,
for college, and for lifelong achievement.
Earlier installments issued partial grades
for the states and the nation in the area of
school finance and for the Education Research
Center's trademark Chance for Success Index,
which weighs a host of indicators aiming to
gauge how education factors into lifelong
opportunity. This latest report folds in reading
and math performance, graduation rates,
and other achievement data to come up with
overall grades for the nation as a whole and for
each of the states.
The picture that emerges is one of limited
progress in a K-12 landscape that has been
mired in mediocrity for the more than two
decades that Quality Counts has been issuing
grades for the nation and the individual states.
While a handful of high-achievers continue to
build on their success, and while some states
that perennially fall short find ways to shine in
key areas, the end result remains a C-keeping
the issue of how to spark improvement before
policymakers for another year.
This report unpacks the data behind that
national grade and more. It offers snapshots
of the top state performers and the challenges
they still face; highlights what low-scoring
states are doing to boost achievement for their
students; and teases out regional patterns that
continue to define the state of the nation's
schools.
And for more detail on the individual
states-including where each of them
stand on the dozens of indicators that go
into the report's Chance for Success, K-12
Achievement, and School Finance Indexes-
be sure to visit edweek.org to download the
State Highlights Reports compiled by the
Education Week Research Center. -THE EDITORS

C

B+
B
B-

tt y

8 | EDUCATION WEEK | September 4, 2019 | www.edweek.org

C+

How States Stack Up
New Jersey and Massachusetts earn the nation's highest overall marks
on the "Quality Counts 2019" report card, with grades of B-plus. New
Mexico gets the nation's lowest grade, a D. In all, 32 states receive grades
between C-plus and C-minus.

C
CD+

SOURCE: Education Week Research Center, 2019

D

N.J. Tops in National Ranking of K-12
Nation Earns a Grade of C
Amid Mixed State Showing
By Sterling C. Lloyd
& Alex Harwin
New Jersey takes the top spot in the newly released "Quality
Counts 2019," the 23rd annual report card of state education
systems issued by the Education Week Research Center, while
the nation as a whole once again earns a C grade despite some
jockeying for position among individual states.
The report, the third of three installments, synthesizes 39
indicators that capture a range of school finance, academic
achievement, and socioeconomic factors that affect the quality of state school systems.
Other than a shuffle at the top, the final grades reflect some
perennial patterns. In the category of academic achievement
alone, no state topped Massachusetts' 88.4, and 44 states
scored a C or lower. And top-ranking states are largely clustered
in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic, while Southern states with
high poverty rates dominate the lower rankings.
The latest top-to-bottom grades show just how stubborn K-12
improvement challenges can be. But a deeper look at the data
also shows bright spots even among some low-performing
states, as well as a photo-finish for New Jersey, as it came in
number one for the first time.

Keeping Score

Ge

D.C.

The national score of 75.6 represents an increase of 0.5 points
over last year, when the nation also earned a C on the summative report card. The slight uptick in the numerical score reflects
modest gains in each of the three report card categories. But the
result also continues a trend of mediocre performance, with

large disparities between high- and low-scoring states.
New Jersey's first-place position with a B-plus and a score
of 87.8 ends Massachusetts' four-year reign atop the Quality
Counts rankings, in which Massachusetts also earned a Bplus. Massachusetts fell short of the top spot by just a few hundredths of a point on the combined scores.
Connecticut (83.6), Maryland (83.1), and New Hampshire
(82.5) are next up, with the only B grades this year. New Mexico
(66.4) is at the bottom of the rankings, with the only D. Six
other states get marks of D-plus.
Overall, 32 states earn grades between C-plus and C-minus.
Those results reflect the mix of strengths and weaknesses that
most states display when evaluated on the comprehensive report card.

How the Ranking Works
The overall A-F letter grades on the report card reflect the
average of numerical scores on a traditional 100-point scale for
three custom indices developed by the research center:
The Chance for Success Index evaluates education-related
opportunities throughout an individual's lifetime from cradle
to career.
The school finance analysis gauges spending on education
and equity in the distribution of funding across districts within
each state.
The K-12 Achievement Index grades states on current academic results, trends over time, and poverty-based gaps.
This year's third installment of Quality Counts updates
overall grades based on results from all three categories in the
report card framework. To use the most current information
available, the K-12 Achievement grades, which are determined
largely by National Assessment of Educational Progress scores
from 2017, have also been updated based on our most recent
analysis of Advanced Placement test scores and the latest high
school graduation rates. Grades for the Chance for Success and


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Education Week - September 4, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 4, 2019

Education Week - September 4, 2019
Quality counts: Grading The States
Open-Source Science Curriculum Makes Debut
Are Schools Required To Be Trauma-Sensitive?
Google Tool Fuels Debate About Teaching Writing
Briefly Stated
In Battle Against Bullies, Schools Target Parents
Teacher-Drivers Keep Wheels On the Bus Going Round
What the Research Says
What Are Threat Assessments And How Do Schools Use Them?
The Challenges Ahead For Advanced Placement
School Leaders: Avoid This Move
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
You Skipped a Step’
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA1
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Google Tool Fuels Debate About Teaching Writing
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 4
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - In Battle Against Bullies, Schools Target Parents
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - What Are Threat Assessments And How Do Schools Use Them?
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 8
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 9
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 10
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 11
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 12
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 13
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 14
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 15
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 16
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 17
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 18
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 19
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 20
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 21
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 22
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - The Challenges Ahead For Advanced Placement
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - School Leaders: Avoid This Move
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 26
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - You Skipped a Step’
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA3
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA4
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW4
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